History CH 6 & 7

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  1. What was the one tax of the Townshend Acts that was not repealed?
    tea tax
  2. Who was elected President of the Second Continental Congress?
    John Hancock
  3. Name the chancellor of the Exchequer who came to power after William Pitt became ill.
    Charles Townshend
  4. Leader of the "Green Mountain Boys".
    Ethan Allen
  5. Patriot who is famous for saying, :I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death!"
    Patrick Henry
  6. A man who rode through the night t warn his countrymen that the British were coming?
    William Dawes
  7. What document closed the port of Boston to all commerce?
    Boston Port Bill
  8. Name for the volunteer militia who were ready to defend their homes and families at very short notice.
  9. Act that made it legal for British officials to house British soldiers in occupied buildings.
    Quartering Act
  10. What disguise did colonists use at the Boston Tea Party?
    dressing as Indians
  11. Battle turning point in the American War of Independence?
    Battle of Saratoga
  12. Professional soldiers from Prussia, Germany, that King George hired to fight for Britain were called?
  13. First major battle of the War of Independence?
    Bunker Hill
  14. Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine, detailing English liberties and the abuses of the monarchy and Parliament?
    Common Sense
  15. Act issued by England in Dec. 1775 that removed the colonies from English protection?
    Prohibitory Act
  16. Place where Washington and his men suffered during the bitter winter of 1777-1778?
    Valley Forge
  17. Loyalists (Tories):
    Those that opposed the War of Independence?
  18. Young Frenchman that symphathized with the Americans and became a close aid to General Washington?
    Marquis de Lafayette (***spell***)
  19. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted by the Continental Congress?
    July 4, 1776?
  20. What did the Declaration of Independence mean to America?
    secured the freedom of America
  21. Leader of the committee that prepared the Declaration of Independence?
    Thomas Jefferson
  22. Nickname for Francis Marion?
    "Swamp Fox"
  23. Who was called that "Fighting Game Cock"?
    General Thomas Sumter
  24. Who was known as the "Fighting Quaker"?
    General Nathanael Greene
  25. American patriot who became a traitor and helped the British in War for Independence?
    Benedict Arnold
  26. Who said "I have not yet begun to fight"?
    John Paul Jones
  27. Patriot victory which ended the War for Independence?
  28. Name of patriot who led military attacks on the frontier, capturing Kaskaskia and Cahokia?
    George Rogers Clark
  29. privateers:
    :private vessels commissioned by Congress
  30. What peace treaty officially ended the American War for Independence"?
    Treaty of Paris
  31. Battle that frontiersmen stop an invasion of North Carolina and gain new morale for the patriot cause?
    Battle of King's Mountain
  32. Name of the 1787 meeting in Philadelphia that proposed a stronger central government?
    Constitutional Convention
  33. The Constitution provided how many branches of national government & what were they called?
    • three
    • 1. Legislative
    • 2. Executive
    • 3. Judicial
  34. Where was the nation's first capital?
    New York City
  35. Name for the first ten amendments of the Constitution?
    Bill of Rights
  36. First President of the United States in 1789?
    George Washington
  37. Name given to the President's advisers?
  38. Two facts about Alexander Hamilton?.
    • 1. Example of those belonging to the Federalist party.
    • 2. First Secretary of the Treasury
  39. Who led a rebellion of desperate farmers in Massachusetts?
    Daniel Shays
  40. "Father of American Conservatism" & First Vice President?
    John Adams
  41. Candidate for the Democratic-Republican party in the election of 1796?
    Thomas Jefferson
  42. Function of the Legislative branch?
    makes laws
  43. Function of the Executive branch?
    Carries out or enforces laws
  44. Function of the Judicial branch?
    interprets laws
  45. What did the Olive Branch Petition attempt to do?
    reconcile the colonies with the king (bring them back together)
  46. What was the reason for the checks and balances system?
    control the power of each of the three branches of government
  47. Who helped Paul Revere spread the word of the British advancement?
    Dr. Samuel Prescott
  48. Who laid out the original plans for Washington, D.C.?
    Pierre L'Enfant
  49. "Father of the Constitution"?
    James Madison
  50. Our country was founded as a ______?
    federal republic (later to become a democracy)
  51. The "shot heard 'round the world"?
    Lexington and Concord
  52. Famous naval hero who shouted, "I have not yet begun to fight"?
    John Paul Jones
  53. Weaknesses of the Articles of confederation?
    • 1. Congress had no power to tax
    • 2. Central government had no executive or judicial branches
    • 3. 9 states had to approve measures before it could move to Congress
    • 4. All 13 states had to approve a bill
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History CH 6 & 7
Abeka History grade 8 CH 6 & 7
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