AP Psych: Developmental Psychology Quiz

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LaurenCamp29
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AP Psych: Developmental Psychology Quiz
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2014-10-02 19:05:31
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  1. Developmental Psychology
    Branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change through out the life span
  2. Germinal Period
    • Zygote
    • Fertilized egg
    • 2 Week period of rapid cell division
  3. Embryonic Period
    • Embryo
    • 2-8 Weeks
    • Period of where most miscarriages occur
  4. Fetal Period
    • Fetus
    • 9 weeks- 9 months (or up until they're born)
  5. Fraternal Twins
    • 2 separate fertilized eggs
    • They share 50% of their genes.
  6. Identical Twins
    • One single fertilized egg that splits in two
    • They share 100% of their genes
  7. Examples of Teratogens
    (6)
    • Drugs
    • Diseases
    • Malnutrition
    • Exposure to x-rays
    • Stress
    • STD's
  8. Teratogens
    Agents such as chemical and viruses that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm
  9. How do women get eggs?
    They are born with them
  10. How do men get sperm?
    Through puberty
  11. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    (5)
    • Not a genetic disorder
    • Caused by a pregnant woman's heavy drinking
    • Frontal lobe is smaller
    • Psychical and cognitive abnormalities
    • Round the clock care is needed
  12. Habituation
    Decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation
  13. Down Syndrome
    (5)
    • Trisomy 21
    • Genetic Disorder
    • 3 # 21 chromosomes
    • Having a baby after the age of 40 is when this is a very high risk
  14. How to recognize that someone has Down Syndrome?
    (4)
    • Protruding tongue
    • Rounded face
    • Large forehead
    • Lowered IQ
  15. How to recognize that someone has Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?
    (3)
    • Flattened middle face
    • Thin smooth upper lip
    • No philtrum
  16. Cigarette smoking can cause...
    Premature birth
  17. 3 Key areas of change in early childhood
    • Brain
    • Motor
    • Sensory/Perceptual Development
  18. What is the only sense that is not fully developed at birth and won't be until about 6 months?
    Vision
  19. Piaget
    Cognitive Development
  20. Noam Chomsky and the complaint with his theory
    Believes that language is something we are born with

    Complaint: Overgeneralization
  21. Overgeneralization
    • When children add too many endings to one phrase.
    • ex: Learneded or Lightninging
  22. B.F. Skinner and the complaint with his theory
    • Operant Conditioning
    • He believes that language is learned because of rewards and punishments

    Complaint: It doesn't explain why we learn vocabulary so quickly
  23. Who created the 3 Levels of Attachment?
    Ainsworth
  24. Harlow and Ainsworth
    Attachment
  25. 3 Levels of Attachment
    • Securely Attached
    • Avoidant
    • Anxious/Ambivalent
  26. Ainsworth's 3 Levels of Attachment:
    Securely Attached
  27. Avoidant
  28. Anxious/Ambivalent
  29. Who invented the 3 types of Parenting Styles?
    Baumrind
  30. What are the 3 Parenting Styles?
    • Permissive
    • Authoritarian
    • Authoritative
  31. Baumrind's 3 Parenting Styles:
    Permissive
    (2)
    • Permissive Indifferent: 
    • -Loving parents who set few limits and give little attention. 


    • Permissive Indulgent:
    • -Parents who attempt to have rules but then cave in
  32. Baumrind's 3 Parenting Styles:
    Authoritarian
    • Mean/Harsh parents
    • Usually end up having a rebellious child
  33. Baumrind's 3 Parenting Styles:
    Authoritative
    Parents are tender and caring, but still have rules
  34. Who invented Schemas?
    Piaget
  35. Who created the 4 stages of Development?
    Piaget
  36. What are the 4 Stages of Development in order?
    • Senorimotor
    • Preoperational
    • Concrete Operational
    • Formal Operational
  37. Piaget's 4 Stages of Development:
    Formal Operational
    • 12+ years old
    • Abstract Thinking/Logic
    • Potential for mature moral reasoning
  38. Piaget's 4 Stages of Development:
    Concrete Operational
    • 7-12 Years old
    • Conservation
    • Mathematical Transformations
  39. Piaget's 4 Stages of Development:
    Preoperational
    (5)
    • 2-6 Years old
    • Lack of logical sense and conservation
    • Language development
    • Animism
    • Egocentrism
  40. Piaget's 4 Stages of Development:
    Senorimotor
    (4)
    • Birth-2 years old
    • Uses 4 senses
    • Lack of Object Permanence
    • Stranger Anxiety
  41. Maturation
    • Biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior
    • Uninfluenced by experience
  42. Schema
    A concept or framework that organizes and interprets information
  43. Assimilation
    When we learn something new about an existing schema
  44. Accommodation
    Adapting our current schemas to incorporate new information
  45. The awareness that things continue to exist even when they are not perceived
    Object Permanence
  46. Properties such as mass, volume, and numbers remain the same despite changes int he forms of objects
    ex: 1 dollar or 100 pennies
    Conservation
  47. Difficulty taking another's point of view
    Egocentrism
  48. Critical Period
    • A period that cannot be missed
    • When exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produce normal development

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