Med Term Chap 3

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o904halo
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28476
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Med Term Chap 3
Updated:
2010-07-30 23:26:34
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Skeletal System
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skeletal
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  1. components of the skeletal system
    • bones
    • bone marrow
    • cartilage
    • joints
    • ligaments
    • synovial membrane
    • synovial fluid
    • bursa
  2. tough fibrous tissue that forms the outer most covering of the bone
    peristeum
  3. dense, hard and very strong bone that forms the protective outer layer of bones
    compact
  4. lighter compact bone, found in the ends and inner portions of long bones
    spongy
  5. shaft of long bone and surrounded by compact tissue
    medullary cavity
  6. tissue that lines medullary cav
    endosteum
  7. tissue that manufactures RBC, hemoglobin, WBC and thrombocytes
    Red bone marrow
  8. bone marrow that stores fat
    yellow
  9. connective tissue that acts as shock absorber
    cartilage
  10. covers the surfaces of bones where they come together to form joints
    articular
  11. curved fibrous cartilage found in the knee and TMJ of jaw
    meniscus
  12. shaft of long bone
    diaphysis
  13. wife end of long bone
    epiphysis
  14. normal project on bone, attachment for muscles and tendons
    process
  15. place of union between 2 or more bones
    articulation
  16. inflexible layers of dense connective tissue, holds bones tightly together
    fibrous
  17. soft spots
    fontanelles
  18. slight movement and consist of bones connected entirely by cartilage
    cartilaginous
  19. allows some movement to facilitate childbirth
    pubis symphysis
  20. where 2 bones articulate to permit variety of motions
    synovial joint
  21. allows wide range of movement in many directions
    ball and socket
  22. allows movement in 1 direction
    hinge
  23. fibrous tissue that surrounds the joint
    synovial capsule
  24. line the capsule and secretes synovial fluid
    synovial membrane
  25. lubricates joints to make smooth movement
    synovial fluid
  26. fibrous tissue that forms joints by connecting 1 bone to another bone, or bone to cartilage
    ligaments
  27. acts as a cushion to ease movement in areas of friction
    bursa
  28. skeleton that protects the major organs of the nervous, respiratory and circulatory systems
    axial
  29. skeleton that makes body movement possible and protects organs of digestion, excretion and reproduction
    appendicular
  30. composed of 8 bones, encloses the brain
    cranium
  31. forehead
    frontal bone
  32. most of roof and upper sides of skull
    2 parietal bones
  33. posterior floor and wall of cranium
    occipital bone
  34. sides and base of cranium
    2 temporal
  35. part of the base/floor and sides of orbit
    sphenoid
  36. part of posterior of nose, orbit and floor of cranium
    ethmoid
  37. 6 tiny bones of middle ear
    auditory ossicles
  38. in temporal bone on each side of skull and opening outer ear
    external auditory meatus
  39. 12 pairs of ribs
    • 7 pairs of true ribs
    • 3 pairs of false ribs
    • 2 pairs of floating ribs
  40. cervical vertebrae
    first 7 sets, C1-C7
  41. thoracic vertebrae
    second set of 12 vertebrae T1-T12
  42. lumbar vertebrae
    third set of 5, L1-L5
  43. forms lower portion of the back, 4-5 vertebrae
    sacrum
  44. tailbone, 4 vertebrae fused together
    coccyx
  45. hip socket
    acetabulum
  46. simple fracture, complete fracture, broken bone, no wound
    closed fracture
  47. compound fracture, bone has broken and there is a wound
    open fracture
  48. bone is splintered or crushed
    comminuted fracture
  49. incomplete fracture, bone is bent and only partially broken
    greenstick fracture
  50. occurs when weakened bone breaks under normal strain
    pathologic fracture
  51. fracture in which the bone has been twisted apart
    spiral
  52. overuse injury, sm crack in the bone
    stress fracture
  53. fracture that occurs straight across bone
    transverse
  54. pins are placed through soft tissue and bone so appliance can hold bone in place
    external fixation "ex fix"
  55. pins and plates are placed directly into bone to hold in place
    internal "open reduction internal fixation"
  56. ankyl/o
    crooked, bent, stiff
  57. arthr/o
    joints
  58. chondr/o
    cartilage
  59. cost/o
    ribs
  60. crani/o
    skull
  61. -desis
    surgical fixation of bone or joint, bind, tie together
  62. kyph/o
    bent hump
  63. lord/o
    curve, swayback, bent
  64. -lysis
    destruction, loosening, separation, setting free
  65. myel/o
    bone marrow
  66. oss/e oss/i ost/o oste/o
    bones
  67. scoli/o
    curved bent
  68. spondyl/o
    vertebrae, backbone
  69. synovi/o synov/o
    synovial membrane/ fluid
  70. -um
    singular noun ending

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