Chapter 3 Glossary Terms

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Chapter 3 Glossary Terms
2014-10-02 22:10:27

Chapter 3 Glossary Terms
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  1. Biodiversity
    The number and variety of organisms found in a specific region.
  2. Bioaugmentation
    The use of organisms to add essential nutrients to depleted soils.
  3. Biodiversity Crisis
    The current accelerated rate of extinction on Earth.
  4. Biodiversity Hotspot
    A place where there is an exceptionally large number of species in a relatively small area.
  5. Biocontrol
    The use of a species to control the population growth or spread of an undesirable species.
  6. Bioremediation
    The use of living organisms to clean up contaminated areas naturally.
  7. Alien Species
    A species that is accidentally or deliberately introduced to a new location usually as a result of human activity.
  8. Captive Breeding
    The breeding or rare or endangered wildlife in controlled settings to increase population size.
  9. Community
    All the populations of the different species that interact in a a specific are or ecosystem.
  10. Dominant Species
    A species that is so abundant that it has the biggest biomass of any community member.
  11. Deforestation
    The practice of clearing forests for logging or other human uses and never replanting them.
  12. Extinction
    The death of all of the individuals of a species.
  13. Ecosystem Engineer
    A species that causes such dramatic changes to landscapes that it creates a new ecosystem
  14. Habitat Loss
    The destruction of habitats which usually results from human activities.
  15. Keystone Species
    A species that can greatly affect population numbers and the health of an ecosystem.
  16. Overexploitation
    The use or extraction of a resource until it is depleted.
  17. Protect
    To legally guard from harm a species that is listed as endangered, threatened, or of special concern.
  18. Succession
    The series of changes in ecosystems that occur over time following a disturbance.
  19. Restoration Ecology
    The renewal of degraded or destroyed ecosystems through active human intervention.
  20. Reforestation
    The regrowth of a forest, either through the planting of seeds or trees in an area where a forest was cut down.
  21. Invasive Species
    A species that can take over the habitat of native species or invade their bodies.