PSYH 151- Chapter 5

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HPizir
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284784
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PSYH 151- Chapter 5
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2014-10-03 13:30:54
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PSYH 151 Chapter
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PSYH 151- Chapter 5
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  1. awareness of oneself environment
    consciousness
  2. a periodic, regular bilogical system
    bilogical rhythms
  3. This occurs once about every 24 hours
    circadian rhythms
  4. located in hypothalamus, regulates melatonin, a hormone secreted by the pitual gland
    suprachiasmatic nucleus
  5. What are three examples that can influence change in circadian rhythms?
    • - airplane flights across time zones
    • - adjusting to new work shifts
    • - illness, stress, fatigue, excitement, drugs and mealtimes
  6. A contoversial disorder in which a person experiences depression during the Winer and an improvement of mood in the Spring
    Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
  7. What is the treatment called that they use to help with SAD?
    phototherapy or exposure to fluorescent light
  8. What are three characteristics of NonREM sleep?
    • - Lo heartrate
    • - Lo BP, brain activity
    • - Walk and talk
  9. What are three characteristics of REM sleep?
    • - Hi heart rate
    • - Hi brain activity
    • - Dreams
  10. What two things occur within the hypnogogic state?
    (This is the state of sleep that you expereince when you fall asleep during class)
    • - hallucinations
    • - movement
  11. Breathing briefly stops during sleep, causing the person to choke and gasp momentarily waken
    Sleep apnea
  12. Constantly gave trouble falling asleep, staying asleep or waking too early
    Insomnia
  13. Sudden and unpredictable daytime attacks of sleepiness or lapses into REM sleep
    Narcolepsy
  14. What does sleep help?
    It helps to improve your memory
  15. True or False?
    Men most commonly dream about other men?
    True
  16. Includes aspects of the dream we consciously experience
    Manifest Content
  17. Includes unconscious wishes and thoughts symbolized in the dream
    Latent Content
  18. A procedure in which the practioner suggests changes in sensations, perceptions, thoughts, feelings or behavior of the subject
    hypnosis
  19. true of false?
    People that are in the state of hypnosis can be forced to do things against their will?
    False
  20. Substance capable of influencing perception, mood, cognition, or behavior
    Psychoactive Drug
  21. speed up activity in the CNS
    Stimulants
  22. slow down activity in the CNS
    depressants
  23. relieve pain
    opiates
  24. disrupt normal thought processes
    psychedelic drugs
  25. How do psychoactive drugs work?
    By acting on neurotransmitters
  26. The detection, by sense organs, of physical energy emitted or reflected by physical objects
    sensation
  27. The process by which the brain organizes and interprets sensory information
    perception
  28. specialized cells that convert physical energy in the environment or body to electrical energy that can be transmitted as nerve impulses to the brain
    sense receptors
  29. the principle that different sensory modalities exist because signals received by the sense organs stimulate different nerve pathways leading to different areas of the brain
    doctrine of specific nerve energies
  30. a condition in which stimulation of one sense also evokes another
    synesthesia
  31. vividness or purity of color
    saturation
  32. lightness or luminess
    brightness
  33. neural tissue lining the pupil and lens and is focused in the retina at the back of the eye
    retina
  34. a process by which visual receptors become maximally sensitive to dim light
    dark adaptors
  35. Neurons  in the retina of the eye, which gather information from receptor cells; their axons make up the optic nerve
    ganglion cells
  36. cells in the visual cortex that are sensitive to specific features of the environment
    feature detectors
  37. a theory of color perception that assumes that the visual system treats pairs of colors as opposing
    opponent-process theory
  38. the turning inward of the eyes which occurs when they focus on a nearby object
    convergence
  39. the slight difference in lateral separation between two objects as seen by the left eye and the right eye
    retinal disparity
  40. visual cues to depth or distance, which can be used by one eye alone
    monocular cues
  41. visual cues to depth or distance requiring two eyes
    binocular cues
  42. the accurate perception of objects as stable of unchanged despite changes in the sensory patterns they produce
    perceptual constancy
  43. the distinguishing quality of sound
    timbre
  44. a structure in the cochlea containing hair cells that serve as receptors for hearing
    organ of Corti
  45. a snail-shaped, fluid filled organ in the inner ear, containing the organ of Corti, where the receptors for hearing are located
    Cochlea
  46. nests of taste receptor cells
    taste buds
  47. knoblike elevations on the tongue; containing the taste buds
    papillae
  48. the theory that the experience of pain depends in part on whether pain impulses get past a neurological "gate" in the spinal cord and thus reaches the brain
    gate-control theory
  49. the experience of pain in the missing limb or other body part
    phantom pain
  50. the sense of  body position and movement of body parts
    kinesthesis
  51. the sense of balance
    equilibrium
  52. sense organs in the inner ear that contribute to equilibrium by respond to the rotation of the head
    semicircular canals
  53. a habitual way of perceiving, based on expectations
    perceptual set
  54. Newborns and infants...
    need visual experiences during a critical period for vision to develop normally

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