PSYH 151- Chapter 6

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HPizir
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284788
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PSYH 151- Chapter 6
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2014-10-03 13:32:03
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PSYH 151 Chapter
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PSYH 151- Chapter 6
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  1. The process of detecting a physical stimulus
    sensation
  2. the process of integrating, organizing, and interpreting sensations
    perception
  3. specialized cells unique to each sense organ that resoind to a particular form of sensory stimulation
    sensory receptors
  4. process by which a form of physical energy is converted into a coded neural signal that can be processed by the nervous system
    transduction
  5. the smallest amount of energy that you can detect
    Absolute Threshold
  6. the smallest amount of change in energy that you can detect
    Difference Threshold
  7. Too much stimulation
    Sensory Overload
  8. Deprive senses
    Sensory Deprivation
  9. Pay attention to what you want to pay attention too
    selective attention
  10. the process by which the lens changes shape to focus image on retina
    accommodation
  11. nearsightedness; stops short of the retina
    Myopia
  12. farsightedness; focuses beyond retina
    Hyperopia
  13. middle age/farsighted
    Presbyopia
  14. What are the two types of vision receptors?
    rods and cones
  15. These vision receptors adapt slowly, on the outskirts of the retina, active in dim/dark light
    Rods
  16. These vision receptors adapt quickly, located on the fovea, give you clear vision and perceive/ see in color.
    Cones
  17. amplitude; height of sound wave, measured in decibels
    loudness
  18. frequency of sound wave, measured in hertz, highness or lowness of a sound
    pitch
  19. olfactory sense, a chemical sense
    smell
  20. gustation, a chemical sense
    taste`
  21. damage to middle ear, hearing aids help
    conduction deafness
  22. damage to hair cells or receptors
    nerve deafness
  23. Which sex has a better sense of smell, women or men?
    women
  24. How many basic tastes do we have?
    4
  25. location and position of body parts in relation to one another
    Kinesthetic sense
  26. sense of balance or equilibrium by responding to changes in gravity, motion, and body position
    Vestibular Sense
  27. What is the largest and heaviest sense organ?
    touch
  28. What type of ESP?
    Ability to read minds
    Telepathy
  29. What type of ESP?
    Ability to predict the future
    Precognition
  30. What type of ESP?
    The ability to "Sense" something
    Clairvoyance
  31. What type of ESP?
    The ability to move objects with your mind
    Psychokineses
  32. the tendency to perceive objects as the same despite changes to sensory stimulation
    perceptual
  33. the area of the retina where the axons of all the ganglion cells leave the eye on their way to the brain
    blind spot
  34. part of the inner ear that is filled with fluid and coiled up like a shell
    cochlea
  35. the approach that considers that people naturally organize their perceptions according to certain patterns
    gestalt approach constancy
  36. the background in which a figure appears
    ground
  37. stimuli that stand out or apart from the background
    figure
  38. depth cues based on the use of both eyes
    binocular cues
  39. this law states that when people see objects closer to each other, they tend to group them together
    proximity
  40. This law states that when you see a disconnected figure, you fill in the spaces and see it as a single figure
    closure adaption
  41. the process where the sensitivity to a particular stimulus adjusts to the level of stimulation being received
    sensory

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