Pharmacy

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Author:
Lyndajay
ID:
28485
Filename:
Pharmacy
Updated:
2010-07-31 22:20:15
Tags:
meds
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Description:
ch1 pharmacology
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  1. Define Pharmacology
    Pharmacology deals with the study of drugs and their actions on living organisms
  2. Define Drugs
    Drugs are chemical substances that have an effect on living organisms
  3. Define Medicine
    Therapeutic drugs are often called medicines; they are drugs used in the prevention and treatment of disease.
  4. What is a chemical name of a drug
    The chemical name of a drug is the chemical constitutuin of the drug and the exact placing of its atoms or molecular groupings. This name is most meaningful to the chemist
  5. What is the generic or nonproprietary name of a drug?
    Before a drug becomes official, it is given a generic name or common name. A generic name is simpler than the chemical name.
  6. What is the official name of a drug?
    The official name of a drug is the name under which the drug is listed by the U.S. Food and Drug Admin..
  7. What is the trademark,brand, or proprietary name of a drug?
    This is the name of the drug that is registered and used by the owner of the drug who is usually the namufactuter.
  8. What are some of the drug standards or oficial sources of American drug standards?
    Refer to the text for a review
  9. Summarize the Controlled Substance Act of 1970?
    This act repealed almost 50 other laws written since 1914 that relate to the control of drugs. The new composite law was designed to improce the administration and regulation of manufacturing, distributing, and dispensing of drugs that have been found necessary to be controlled. The drug enforcement Administration (DEA) was organized to enforce the Act. The basic structure of the Act consists of five claddifications or schedules of controlled substances.
  10. Summerize the steps of new drug development in the United States.
    • Preclinical research: Begins with discovery, synthesis, and purification of the drugs. The goal at this stage is to use laboratory studies to determine whether the experimental drug has therapeutic value and whether the drug appears to be safe in animals.
    • Clinical research and development: The "testing in humans" stage is subdivided into three phases. Phase 1 studies determine an experimental drug's pharmacologic properties, such as its pharmacokinets, metabolism, and potential for toxicity at certain dosage. Phase 2 uses a smaller population of patients who have the condition the drug was designed to treat, and phase 3 an even larger patient population is used to ensure statistical significance of the results.
    • New Drug Application: When sufficient data have been collected to demonstrate that the experimental drug is both safe and effective, and new drug Application is submitted to the FDA formally requesting approval to morket a new drug for human use.
    • Postmarketing surveillance: After the manufacturer decides to market the drug, this phase consists of an ongoing review of adverse effects of the new drug, as well as periodic inspection of the manufacturing facilities and products.
  11. Therapeutic drug, often called __________, are those drugs used in the prevention or treatment of diseases.
  12. Before a drug becomes official, it is given a __________ name or common name. This name may be used in any country and by any manufacturer.
  13. ________ drugs, sometimes referred to as recreational drugs, are drugs or chemical substances used for nontherapeutic purposes.
  14. The study of drugs and the actions they have in the human body is ___________.
  15. The actual substance that causes the response in a living organism is a(n)_________.
  16. Darvocet N

    A. Schedule I
    B. Schedule II
    C. Schedule III
    D. Schedule IV
  17. Percodan

    A. Schedule I
    B. Schedule II
    C. Schedule III
    D. Schedule IV
  18. Tylox Capsules

    A. Schedule I
    B. Schedule II
    C. Schedule III
    D. Schedule IV
  19. LevoDromoran

    A. Schedule I
    B. Schedule II
    C. Schedule III
    D. Schedule IV
  20. Diazepam

    A. Schedule I
    B. Schedule II
    C. Schedule III
    D. Schedule IV
  21. Morphine sulfate

    A. Schedule II
    B. Schedule IV
    C. Schedule I
    D. Schedule III
    A. Schedule II
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Meperidine

    A. Schedule I
    B. Schedule II
    C. Schedule III
    D. Schedule IV
  23. Tylenol with codeine no.2

    A. Schedule I
    B. Schedule II
    C. Schedule III
    D. Schedule IV
  24. Tylenol with codeine no. 3

    A. Schedule I
    B. Schedule II
    C. Schedule III
    D. Schedule IV
  25. Tylenol with codeine no.4

    A. Schedule I
    B. Schedule II
    C. Schedule III
    D. Schedule IV

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