bio 100

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adiana
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28486
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bio 100
Updated:
2010-07-30 23:43:36
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review questions
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  1. Which of the following contains prokaryotic cells?

    A) the archaea
    B) the fungi
    C) the protistans
    d) all of the above
    A) the archaea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The molecule associated with energy transfer in living organisms is:

    A) deoxyribonucleic acid
    B) ATP
    C) carbon
    D) lipids
    B) ATP
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. A community and its physical and chemical environment constitue:

    A) an organ system
    B) an ecosystem
    C) the biosphere
    D) a population
    B) an ecosystem
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The molecule of inheritance is:

    A) deoxyribonucleic acid
    B) carbon
    C) lipids
    D) ATP
    A) deoxyribonucleic acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which of the following is not a requirement of all living things:

    A) reproduction
    B) metabolism
    C) adaptation
    D) breathing
    e) none of the above
    D) breathing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The one-way flow of energy through the biosphere starts with energy input from:

    A) aerobic respiration
    B) ATP
    C) the sun
    D) deoxyribonucleic acid
    C) the sun
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The scientific name for human is HOMO SAPIENS. HOMO is the genus and SAPIENS is the specie. The scientific way to refer to human is:

    a) Homo sapiens
    b) Sapiens Homo
    c) homo Sapiens
    d) Homo sapiens
    e) Sapiens homo
    d) Homo sapiens
  8. Decomposers include certain bacteria and fungi.
    True
  9. Sexual reproduction results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent.
    False
  10. The atom of element Phosphorus has 16 neutrons and 15 electrons. What is the atomic number for Phosphorus atom?
    15
  11. Element Helium(He) has atomic number of 2. Do you consider this element reactive or inert?
    Inert
  12. Atoms gains or lose electrons to form

    A) covalent bonds
    B) ionic bonds
    C) hydrogen bonds
    B) ionic bonds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The normal range of blood pH indicates:

    A) 5.5-6.3
    B) 7.8-8.3
    C) 7.3-7.5
    d) above 8.5
    C) 7.3-7.5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Two atoms of oxygen are bond together by double covalent bond. How many electrons do they share?

    A) 2
    B) 4
    C) 5
    D) 6
    B) 4
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. True or False:
    Neutrons are negatively charged.
    False
  16. True or False:
    Water is a great solvent of polar molecules.
    True
  17. True or False:
    In a polar covalent bond, electrons are equally shared.
    False
  18. Loss of a protein's normal 3-D shape because of high temperatures or changes in pH is called:

    A) hydrolysis
    B) metabolism
    C) denaturation
    D) condensation
    C) denaturation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. True or False:
    In a condensation reaction, small molecules come together to make a large molecule.
    True
  20. True or False:
    Ribose is a 6-carbon monosaccharide.
    False
  21. Match the Terms with their most suitable descriptions:

    ___ building blocks of nucleic acids

    A. amyloplasts
    B. sucrose
    C. phospholipids
    D. amino acids
    E. nucleotides
    F. nucleolus are
    G. nucleic acids
    H. disaccharides are
    I. monosaccharides
    J. fatty acids
    E. nucleotides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Match the Terms with their most suitable descriptions:

    ___ building blocks of protein are

    A. fatty acids
    B. nucleotides
    C. phospholipids
    D. monosaccharides
    E. amyloplasts
    F. nucleic acids
    G. disaccharides are
    H. nucleolus are
    I. amino acids
    J. sucrose
    I. amino acids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Match the Terms with their most suitable descriptions:

    ___ building blocks of most lipids are and

    A. monosaccharides
    B. fatty acids
    C. amyloplasts
    D. nucleotides
    E. phospholipids
    F. disaccharides are
    G. nucleolus are
    H. amino acids
    I. sucrose
    J. nucleic acids
    B. fatty acids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Match the Terms with their most suitable descriptions:

    ___ building blocks of carbohydrates

    A. disaccharides are
    B. amyloplasts
    C. nucleotides
    D. nucleolus are
    E. monosaccharides
    F. nucleic acids
    G. sucrose
    H. amino acids
    I. phospholipids
    J. fatty acids
    E. monosaccharides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. True or False:
    If a solution outside of a cell contains a greater concentration of dissolved solutes than the contents of the cell, the solution is said to be hypotonic.
    False
  26. In active transport solutes are transported down their concentrated gradient.
    False
  27. Phospholipids contain a hydrophobic head and two hydrophillic tails.
    False
  28. Plant cells but not animal cells have:

    A) Golgi bodies
    B) plastids
    C) c & d
    D) ER
    E) central vacuole
    C) c & d
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Match the Terms with their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ synthesis of proteins takes place in

    mitochondrion
    b. vesicles
    c. lysomes
    d. nucleic acids
    e. amino acids
    f. amyloplasts
    g. chromoplasts proteins
    h. chloroplasts
    i. covalent
    j. Golgi bodies
    k. smooth ER
    l. rough ER
    m. nucleolus
    n. flagella
    o. nucleus
    l. rough ER
  30. Match the Terms with their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ photosynthesis takes place in

    A. Golgi bodies
    B. vesicles
    C. mitochondrion
    D. amyloplasts
    E. covalent
    F. flagella
    G. nucleic acids
    H. chloroplasts
    I. rough ER
    J. amino acids
    K. nucleus
    L. nucleolus
    M. lysomes
    N. smooth ER
    O. chromoplasts proteins
    H. chloroplasts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Match the Terms with their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ synthesis of lipids takes place in

    A. flagella
    B. amino acids
    C. lysomes
    D. smooth ER
    E. nucleic acids
    F. amyloplasts
    G. nucleus
    H. nucleolus
    I. chromoplasts proteins
    J. rough ER
    K. Golgi bodies
    L. mitochondrion
    M. chloroplasts
    N. covalent
    O. vesicles
    D. smooth ER
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Match the Terms with their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ modify, sort, package & ship & lipids

    A. Golgi bodies
    B. nucleus
    C. amyloplasts
    D. chromoplasts proteins
    E. flagella
    F. smooth ER
    G. nucleic acids
    H. rough ER
    I. nucleolus
    J. vesicles
    K. amino acids
    L. lysomes
    M. covalent
    N. mitochondrion
    O. chloroplasts
    A. Golgi bodies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Match the Terms with their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ provide movement for the cells

    A. lysomes
    B. nucleic acids
    C. smooth ER
    D. nucleus
    E. amyloplasts
    F. chloroplasts
    G. mitochondrion
    H. covalent
    I. vesicles
    J. flagella
    K. amino acids
    L. Golgi bodies
    M. chromoplasts proteins
    N. rough ER
    O. nucleolus
    J. flagella
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Match the Terms with their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ digestion in the cell is done by

    A. lysomes
    B. covalent
    C. chloroplasts
    D. Golgi bodies
    E. chromoplasts proteins
    F. flagella
    G. amino acids
    H. mitochondrion
    I. rough ER
    J. nucleolus
    K. smooth ER
    L. amyloplasts
    M. nucleic acids
    N. vesicles
    O. nucleus
    A. lysomes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Match the Terms with their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ ATP is produced in

    A. amino acids
    B. flagella
    C. vesicles
    D. nucleus
    E. lysomes
    F. nucleolus
    G. chloroplasts
    H. smooth ER
    I. mitochondrion
    J. covalent
    K. nucleic acids
    L. rough ER
    M. amyloplasts
    N. Golgi bodies
    O. chromoplasts proteins
    I. mitochondrion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Multiple Choice:
    Enzymes:

    A) speed up metabolic reactions
    B) a & b
    C) get used during a reaction
    D) a & b & c
    E) lower the activation energy
    B) a & b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. The final product(s) of glycolysis include:

    A) glucose molecules
    B) ATP
    C) pyruvate molecules
    D) b & c
    E) a & c
    D) b & c
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Oxygen is formed during:

    A) the cyclic pathway of ATP formation
    B) the non-cyclic pathway of ATP formation
    C) the light-independent stage of photosynthesis
    d) all of the above
    B) the non-cyclic pathway of ATP formation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Cell's ability to acquire energy and to use it to, store, build, or break apart substances is called:

    A) metabolism
    B) biochemistry
    C) photosynthesis
    D) respiration
    A) metabolism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. True or False:
    In the non-cyclic pathway of the light-dependent stage of photosynthesis, two photosystems are involved.
    True
  41. True or False:
    Glucose is formed in the light-dependent stage of photosynthesis.
    False
  42. True or False:
    The starting molecule in glycolysis is pyruvate.
    False
  43. True or True:
    Krebs cycle of aerobic respiration takes place in the cytoplasm.
    False
  44. True or False:
    CO2 is released during the Krebs(citric acid) cycle.
    True
  45. True or False:
    Light-independent stage of photosynthesis takes place in the grana.
    False
  46. True or False:
    In exergonic reactions, energy is released.
    True
  47. True or False:
    According to the second law of thermodynamics, the entropy in the universe is increasing.
    True
  48. What would be the complimentary strand of DNA to the Dna strand below?

    DNA A-T-C-G-T-T-G-A-C-A-T-T
    T-A-G-C-A-A-C-T-G-T-A-A
  49. One species' DNA differs from others in its

    A) sugars
    B) nucleotide sequence
    C) phosphate groups
    d) all of the above
    B) nucleotide sequence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. DNA replication results in

    A) three double-stranded molecules, one with new strands and two that are discarded
    B) four molecules, half-old, and half-new strands
    C) two molecules, each with one old strand and one newly assembled strand of nucleotides
    d) none of the above
    C) two molecules, each with one old strand and one newly assembled strand of nucleotides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Match the Terms wirh their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ DNA binding proteins

    A. provided excellent x-ray diffraction images of DNA
    B. obtains nucleotides and correctly pairs them
    C. discovered the double helix structure of DNA
    D. unwinding enzyme
    E. attaches small gaps
    F. stabilize the single-stranded DNA
    F. stabilize the single-stranded DNA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Match the Terms wirh their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ DNA polymerase

    A. obtains nucleotides and correctly pairs them
    B. stabilize the single-stranded DNA
    C. provided excellent x-ray diffraction images of DNA
    D. attaches small gaps
    E. unwinding enzyme
    F. discovered the double helix structure of DNA
    A. obtains nucleotides and correctly pairs them
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Match the Terms wirh their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ ligase

    A. discovered the double helix structure of DNA
    B. obtains nucleotides and correctly pairs them
    C. provided excellent x-ray diffraction images of DNA
    D. attaches small gaps
    E. stabilize the single-stranded DNA
    F. unwinding enzyme
    D. attaches small gaps
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Match the Terms wirh their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ helicase

    A. provided excellent x-ray diffraction images of DNA
    B. discovered the double helix structure of DNA
    C. obtains nucleotides and correctly pairs them
    D. unwinding enzyme
    E. stabilize the single-stranded DNA
    F. attaches small gaps
    D. unwinding enzyme
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. Match the Terms wirh their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ Watson & Crick

    A. obtains nucleotides and correctly pairs them
    B. unwinding enzyme
    C. attaches small gaps
    D. discovered the double helix structure of DNA
    E. stabilize the single-stranded DNA
    F. provided excellent x-ray diffraction images of DNA
    D. discovered the double helix structure of DNA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Match the Terms wirh their most suitable descriptions:

    ____ Rosalind Franklin

    A. attaches small gaps
    B. provided excellent x-ray diffraction images of DNA
    C. obtains nucleotides and correctly pairs them
    D. discovered the double helix structure of DNA
    E. unwinding enzyme
    F. stabilize the single-stranded DNA
    B. provided excellent x-ray diffraction images of DNA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. What would be the mRNA transcribed from this DNA sequence?

    DNA T-A-C-A-T-A-A-G-G-A-A-T-T-C-T-A-C-T

    For how many amino acids does this mRNA sequence code?
    mRNA A-U-G-U-A-U-U-C-C-U-U-A-A-G-A-U-G-A; 5
  58. The RNA molecule is

    A) double-stranded
    B) a double helix
    C) single-stranded
    d) none of the above
    C) single-stranded
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. mRNA is produced by

    A) replication
    B) translation
    C) transcription
    C) transcription
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. The five-carbon sugar found in RNA is:

    A) galactose
    B) ribose
    C) glucose
    D) deoxyribose
    B) ribose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. The loading of mRNA onto an intact ribosome occurs during

    A) transcript processing
    B) translation
    C) transcription
    d) none of the above
    B) translation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. True or False:
    The enzyme used during transcription is DNA polymerase.
    False
  63. True or False:
    A codon is a double nucleotide on mRNA.
    False
  64. Match the description with the corresponding stage of translation:

    ___ initiation

    A. the first tRNA carrying methionine binds ribosome and mRNA
    B. mRNA is modified
    C. a stop codon is reached
    D. replication starts
    E. tRNA molecules carrying amino acids add to the growing polypeptide chain
    A. the first tRNA carrying methionine binds ribosome and mRNA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. Match the description with the corresponding stage of translation:

    ___ elongation

    A. a stop codon is reached
    B. the first tRNA carrying methionine binds ribosome and mRNA
    C. mRNA is modified
    D. replication starts
    E. tRNA molecules carrying amino acids add to the growing polypeptide chain
    E. tRNA molecules carrying amino acids add to the growing polypeptide chain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Match the description with the corresponding stage of translation:

    ___ termination

    A. mRNA is modified
    B. the first tRNA carrying methionine binds ribosome and mRNA
    C. tRNA molecules carrying amino acids add to the growing polypeptide chain
    D. a stop codon is reached
    E. replication starts
    D. a stop codon is reached
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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