Microbiology

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Author:
kaori
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284872
Filename:
Microbiology
Updated:
2014-10-10 15:23:45
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Survey Prokaryotes
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Survey of Prokaryotes
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  1. I'm a Gram-positive rod used industrially to make buttermilk and yogurt because I produce lactic acid from sugar. My genus is ____.
    Lactobacillus
  2. I'm Campylobacter, a food-borne pathogen who loved to hang out in _____ (especially chickens); in the U.S. Im the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis (with cramping, diarrhea, etc.). 
    Poultry
  3. I'm an acid-fast, pathogenic bacterium who causes tuberculosis. My genus is ______.
    Mycobacterium
  4. I'm Rhizobium and I love in root nodules of plants called _____ where I undergo nitrogen fixation.
    Legumes
  5. Spirochetes swim by means of two overlapping ____ ____.
    Axial Filament
  6. I'm the most studied bacterium there is! I'm usually a mutualistic enteric in the intestines, but certain strains of mine (like 0157:H7) are quite pathogenic. My genus is ____.
    Escherichia
  7. I'm a spirochete named Treponema pallidum and I cause an STD called _____.
    Syphilis
  8. Green and purple sulfur bacteria undergo ____ photosynthesis because they don't release oxygen: 6C02 + 12H2S → C6H12O6 + 6H2O + 12S.
    Anoxygenic
  9. I'm an unusual bacterium with no cell wall or shape and my genus name is Mycoplasma. I'm the most common cause of atypical or "___" pneumonia.
    Walking
  10. I'm the spirochete that causes the sexually transmitted disease, syphilis. My genus is _____.
    Treponema
  11. The three main ways to avoid sexually transmitted infections are abstinence, monogamy and properly used ____.
    Condoms
  12. I'm a bacterium who is used industrially to make acetic acid; my genus is _____.
    Acetobacter
  13. I'm an obligate intracellular parasite because I can't make my own ATP. I cause the most common STD in the US and I am also the leading cause of preventable blindness in the world. My genus is ___.
    Chlamydia
  14. ____ bacteria such as E. coli are considered indicators of fecal pollution in water in the U.S.
    Coliform
  15. I'm a Streptococcus _____, a Gram-positice coccus who causes tooth decay.
    Pneumoniae
  16. Rickettsia rickettsii is an obligate intracellular parasite that travels by ____ ticks and causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
    Dog
  17. Chlamydia trachomatis has a very unique life-cycle, which alternates between walled non-replicating, infectious elementary bodies spread from host to host, and the intracellular ____ body which replicates and releases more elementary bodies.
    Reticulate
  18. Anabaena has a special cell for survival called an ____.
    Akinete
  19. Chlamydia trachomatis has a very unique life-cycle, which alternates between walled non-replicating, infectious _____ bodies spread from host to host, and the intracellular reticulate body which replicates and releases more ____ bodies.
    Elementary
  20. We're eukaryotic organelles that are classified as bacterial Endosymbionts. If we remember correctly, we started out as aerobic, heterotrophic prokaryotes, but now we're known as _____.
    Mitochondria
  21. We're bacteria that an live off of the most unusual foods such as oil, soap residue, and even some plastics. Our genus is ____.
    Pseudomonas
  22. Anabanena has a specialized cell called a ____ that undergoes nitrogen-fixation.
    Heterocyt
  23. I'm Chlamydia trachoma tis and I'm the leading cause of preventable ___ in the world.
    Blindness
  24. Clostridium perfringens causes gas gangrene by producing toxins and gas; these cause death of muscle tissue, called ______.
    Myonecrosis
  25. I'm Klebsiella pneumoniae, an enteric who can cause severe pneumonia (in alcoholics, stoke patients, bulimics) if I am aspirated with ____.
    Vomit
  26. ____ are oxygenic photoautotrophs that contain the photosynthetic pigments chlorophyll a and two phycobilins, now reddish and one bluish.
    Cyanobacteria
  27. I am the most serious cause of broad spectrum Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea (AAD); When antibiotics eradicate normal gut flora, I get a chance to cause a severe infection of the colon called psudomembranous colitis. My genus is _____.
    Clostridium
  28. I'm the capsulated diplococcus who causes  gonorrhoea. My genus is _____.
    Neisseria
  29. I'm a fungus-like filamentous soil bacterium that makes the antibiotic streptomycin. My genus is ______.
    Streptomyces
  30. I'm Corynebacterium; I cause ____ which starts out as a sore throat, but a toxoid I release causes a leathery pseudomembrane to form in the upper throat, blocking air flow.
    Diphtheria
  31. I'm the bacterium that causes acne. My genus is _____.
    Propionibacterium
  32. My name is Neisseria meningitides I cause an epidemic form of meningitis known as ____ meningitis.
    Meningococcal
  33. _____-_____ baxter such as Mycobacterium tend to stick together in large, ropy masses because of all the lipids embedded in their cell wall; this is referred to as cording.
    Acid-Fast
  34. I'm an unusual bacterium for several reasons. I have the tiniest known cell (only 0.1μm) and no cell wall! I cause "walking" pneumonia. My genus is _____.
    Mycoplasma
  35. I cause diphtheria, a highly contagious and life-threatening infection of mucus membranes of the respiratory system (the tonsils, throat, and nose). Before vaccines were available to prevent the disease, nearly one out of ten people died; Diphtheria was a major cause of death among children. My genus is ______.
    Corynebacterium
  36. Chemiosmosis (the main cellular process to make ATP) only occurs across three membranes: the cell membrane of prokaryotic cells, cristae of mitochondria and ___ of chloroplasts, lending support to the Endosymbiont Theory.
    Thylakoid
  37. The akinete of Anabaena is for ____ in harsh conditions.
    Survival
  38. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA' their single chromosome is "_____" (lacking histone proteins), and loop-like in form, just like that of prokaryotes, lending support to the Endosymbiont Theory.
    Naked
  39. In the early 1980s, Australian physician Barry _____ showed that gastric ulcers are caused by a Helicobacter pylori infection, not stress or spicy food.
    Marshall
  40. I'm Mycobacterium leprae, and I cause leprosy, also known as ___ disease.
    Hansen's
  41. Anabaena has numerous ____ cells that undergo photosynthesis.
    Vegetative
  42. I'm an obligate intracellular parasite because I have a leaky cell membrane. I travel by dog or wood tick and cause Rocky Mountain spotted fever. My genus is _____.
    Rickettsia
  43. I cause cholera, and acute intestinal illness transmitted by contaminated food or water; the toxin I release causes profuse, watery diarrhea called "rice water stools." My genus is ______.
    Vibrio
  44. ____ stands for Vancomycin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, first discovered in the U.S. in 2002.
    VRSA
  45. My name is Bordetella pertussis and I cause ____ ____ in unvaccinated children.
    Whooping Cough
  46. I'm the bacterium that causes a form of pneumonia known as Legionnaire's disease. My genus is ________.
    Legionella
  47. Cyanobacteria are oxygenic photoautotrophs that contain the photosynthetic pigments chlorophyll a and two _____, one reddish and one bluish.
    Phycobilins
  48. I'm an enteric who can cause severe pneumonia (in alcoholics, stroke patients, bulimics) if I am aspirated with vomit. My genus is _____.
    Klebsiella
  49. I'm a member of genus Mycobacterium, and I cause Hansen's disease, also known as ______.
    Leprosy
  50. Botulism neurotoxin inhibits ____ release at neuromuscular junctions, resulting in flaccid paralysis.
    Acetylecholine
  51. The Endosymbiont Theory states that mitochondria and chloroplasts of today's ____ cells started out long ago as free-living prokaryotes that either invaded or were taken in by primitive host cells and then formed permanent symbioses with them.
    Prokaryotic
  52. I'm a prochlorophyte and an oxygenic photoautotroph. Unlike cyanobacteria that only have chlorophyll a, I have chlorophylls a and b. I help support the Endosymbiont theory as a chloroplast prototype! My genus is _____.
    Prochloron
  53. Cyanobacteria undergo _____ photosynthesis which releases oxygen into the atmosphere: 6CO2 + 12H2O → C6H12O6 +6H2O + 6O2

    Oxygenic
  54. I'm a Gram-negative bacillus that is spread by fecal-oral means and I cause bacillary dysentery; Dysentery means extreme diarrhea that is EXPLOSIVE and contains blood, pus and mucus! My genus is _____.
    Shigella
  55. I'm a capsulated diplococcus that causes epidemic meningitis, characterized by non blanching purplish skin spots called petechiae. My genus is _____.
    Neisseria
  56. Household ____ is made of 5% acetic acid produced by Acetobacter fermentation.
    Vinegar
  57. E. coli and other _____ (gut-swelling) bacteria produce chemicals called bacteriocins that kill off harmful species.
    Enteric
  58. The Rickettsias and Chlamydias are ___ ____ parasites' they cannot survive outside of their host cell.
    Obligate Intracellular
  59. A cell cannot make more mitochondria or chloroplasts prior to cell division like it can with all of its other organelles. Instead, mitochondria and chloroplasts reproduce themselves by ___ ____, just like prokaryotes, lending support to the Endosymbiont Theory.
    Binary Fission
  60. I'm a Gram-positive coccus and I cause strep throat and scarlet fever. I even have a "flesh-eating" strain that is pretty scary because it can spread throughout the body with hyaluronidase. My genus is _____.
    Streptococcus
  61. _____ stands for Methichillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, a huge health-care hazard' Vancomycin is usually prescribed at this point.
    MRSA
  62. I am a harmless, aquatic, amphitrichous bacterium shaped like a corckscrew; I am often studied in biology classes because  I am so big (60μm) that I can be seen without oil immersion. My genus is _____.
    Spirillum
  63. VRE (_____ -Resistant Enterococcus ) has emerged as a major nosocomial pathogen since the 1990s.
    Vancomycin
  64. I'm a food-borne pathogen that loves to hang out in poultry; in the U.S. I'm the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis (with cramping, diarrhea, etc.). My genus is _____.
    Campylobacter
  65. I'm a Gram-positive endospore-forming bacterium that causes tetanus (lock-jaw). My genus is _____.
    Clostridium
  66. I cause chronic gastritis, also known as ulcers; People used to think that spicy food and stress caused ulcers until Australian physician Barry Marshall proved it was me!  My genus is _____.
    Helicobacter
  67. I'm a typical filamentous cyanobacterium.I have survival cells called akinetes, heterocysts that undergo nitrogen fixation, and lots of photosynthetic vegetative cells containing chlorophyll a and phycobilins. My genus is _____.
    Anabaena
  68. I'm a bacterium that was erroneously named because I am a frequent secondary invader following viral influenza. I was the leading cause of meningitis in infants and children until the development of the Hib vaccine. My genus is _____.
    Haemophilus
  69. Borrelia burgdorferi is transmitted by deer ticks and causes _____ disease.
    Lyme
  70. Propionibacterium causes _____.
    Acne
  71. E. coli and other enteric bacteria produce chemical called _____ that help kill off harmful species.
    Bacteriocins
  72. I'm an endospore-producing Gram-positive bacterium that causes anthrax. My genus is _____.
    Bacillus
  73. The term ____ means extreme diarrhea that is EXPLOSIVE and contains blood, pus and mucus.
    Dysentery
  74. Oxygenic photoautotrophs such as the cyanobacteria and prochlorophytes release _____.
    oxygen
  75. Very dilute botulism toxin injections, known as ____, are used cosmetically to temporarily get rid of wrinkles.
    BoTox
  76. The ______ Theory states that mitochondria and chloroplasts of today's eukaryotic cells started out long ago as free-living prokaryotes that either invaded or were taken in by primitive host cells and then formed permanent symbioses with them.
    Endosymbiont
  77. I produce pretty red colonies on agar! If you're not carful, I can cause nosocomial urinary or blood infections. My genus is _____.
    Serratia
  78. I'm the spirochete that travels by deer tick to cause Lyme disease. My genus is ____.
    Borrelia
  79. Acid-fast Mycobacterium tends to stick together in large, ropy masses because of all the lipids embedded in its cell wall; this is referred to as _____.
    Cording
  80. Streptococcus pneumoniae causes most cases of bacterial pneumonia and is therefore appropriately nicknamed _____.
    Pneumococcus
  81. Rickettsia rickettsii is an obligate intracellular parasite that travels by dog or wood ticks and causes Rocky Mountain _____ ____.
    Spotted Fever
  82. I'm a food-borne enteric pathogen that causes typhoid fever. My favorite movie is "There's Something about Typhoid Mary!" My genus is _____.
    Salmonella
  83. In approximately 1350, Yersenia caused the worst epidemic ever; the bubonic _____ (or black-death) resulted in the death of 1 out of every 2 Europeans.
    Plague
  84. I'm a Gram-positive endospore-forming bacterium that causes gas gangrene by producing both toxins and gas in infected, ischemic (oxygen-starved) tissue. My genus is _____.
    Clostridium
  85. Corynebacterium causes diphtheria; the disease starts out as a sore throat, but a toxoid released causes a leathery ____ to form in the upper throat, blocking air flow.
    Pseudomembrane
  86. Vibrio cholerae is spread by contaminated food or water and causes cholera; its toxin causes profuse, watery diarrhea called "____ ____ stools."
    Rice Water
  87. The three main ways to avoid sexually transmitted infections are abstinence, _____ and properly used condoms.
    Monogamy
  88. I'm an acid-fast, pathogenic bacterium that causes leprosy (Hansen's disease). My genus is _____.
    Mycobacterium
  89. _____ (the main cellular process to make ATP) only occurs across three membranes: the cell membrane of prokaryotic cells, cristae of mitochondria and thylakoids of chloroplasts, lending support to the Endosymbiont Theory.
    Chemiosmosis
  90. Chemiosmosis (the main cellular process to make ATP) only occurs across three membranes: the ___ ___ of prokaryotic cells, cristae of mitochondria and thylakoids of chloroplasts, lending support to the Endosymbiont Theory.
    Cell Membrane
  91. I cause whooping cough in unvaccinated children. A cousin of mine causes kennel cough in dogs. My genus is _____.
    Bordetella
  92. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own ribosomes. They are 70s in size, just like those of prokaryotes. Furthermore, these ribosomes are inhibited by the same _____ that inhibit prokaryotic ribosomes, lending support to the Endosymbiont Theory.
    Antibiotics
  93. Chemiosmosis (the main cellular process to make ATP) only occurs across three membranes: the cell membrane of ____ cells, cristae of mitochondria and thylakoids of chloroplasts, lending support to the Endosymbiont Theory.
    Prokaryotic
  94. I'm the bacterium that travels by rat flea and causes bubonic plague (or black-death). My genus is _____.
    Yersinia
  95. Chemiosmosis (the main cellular process to make ATP) only occurs across three membranes: the cell membrane of prokaryotic cells, ____ of mitochondria and thylakoids of chloroplasts, lending support to the Endosymbiont Theory.
    Cristae
  96. I belong to genus Neisseria and I cause epidemic meningitis, characterized by non blanching purplish skin spots called _____.
    Petechia
  97. I'm a Gram-positive coccus in irregular, grape-like clusters. I cause skin abscesses such as boils and many surgical wind infections. My genus is _____.
    Staphlococcus
  98. Just like my buddy E. coli here in the U.S., I'm a coliform bacterium used to determine fecal contamination in water throughout Europe. Since the 1990s, my VRE has emerged as a significant nosocomial pathogen. My genus is ____.
    Entrococcus
  99. Tetanus ___ blocks relaxation of opposing muscles, resulting in spastic paralysis.
    Neurotoxins
  100. We're the green and purple ____ bacteria and we're an oxygenic photoautotrophs because we release sulfur instead of oxygen!
    Sulfur
  101. _____ swim by means of two overlapping axial filaments.
    Spirochetes
  102. The outer membranes of mitochondria and chloroplasts contain ______, like eukaryotes, but the inner membranes lack it, like prokaryotes.
    Cholesterol
  103. I'm a eukaryotic organelle that is classified as a bacterial Endosymbiont. If I remember correctly, I started out as just a photosynthetic prokaryote, but not I'm called a _____.
    Chloroplast
  104. Botulism neurotoxin inhibits acetylcholine release at neuromuscular junctions, resulting in _____ paralysis.
    Flaccid
  105. Rhizobium undergoes ____-____ in the root nodules of legumes. Heterocysts of Anabaena also undergo ____-____ in freshwater environments.
    Nitrogen Fixation
  106. Streptococcus pyogenes is well known for causing _____ _____; if untreated it can sometimes lead to scarlet fever.
    Strep Throat
  107. Some strains of Streptococcus can spread through the body easily because they produce hyaluronidase which breaks down _____ _____ of loose areolar connective tissues.
    Hyaluronic Acid
  108. Some strains of Streptocuccus are called "flesh-eating" because they can spread through the body easily; they produce the enzyme _____, which breaks down hyaluronic acid of loose areolar connective tissues.
    Hyaluronidase
  109. The three main ways to avoid sexually transmitted infections are _____, monogamy and properly used condoms.
    Abstinence
  110. The Endosymbiont Theory states that mitochondria and chloroplasts of today's eukaryotic cells started out long ago as free-living _____ that either invaded or were taken in by primitive host cells and then formed permanent symbioses with them.
    Prokaryotes
  111. Botulism is due to a ____ that inhibits acetycholine release at neuromuscular junctions, resulting in flaccid paralysis.
    Neurotoxin
  112. I am the most serious cause of broad spectrum Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea (AAD); eradication of normal gut flora leads to a severe infection of the colon called pseudomembranous colitis. My genus is _____.
    Clostridium
  113. I'm Vibrio and I cause _____, an acute intestinal illness transmitted by contaminated food or water; the toxin I release causes profuse, watery diarrhea called "rice water stools."
    Cholera
  114. Tetanus neurotoxin blocks relaxation of opposing muscles, resulting in ____ paralysis.
    Spastic
  115. I live in the root nodules of plants called legumes where I undergo nitrogen fixation. My genus is _____.
    Rhizobium
  116. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own ribosomes. They are ____s in size, just like those of prokaryotes. Furthermore, these ribosomes are inhibited by the same antibiotics that inhibit prokaryotic ribosomes, lending support to the Endosymbiont Theory.
    70
  117. Borrelia burgdorferi is transmitted by ____ ticks and causes Lyme disease.
    Deer

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