aaron anatomy review 1

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Cyphor97
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aaron anatomy review 1
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2014-10-05 16:39:08
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aaron anatomy review 1
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  1. The adrenal glands are located
    above the kidney
  2. How many parathryoids are there in the body?
    Four
  3. The islets of Langerhans are located in the
    Pancreas
  4. Which gland is also know as the master gland?
    Pituitary
  5. What could occur if all the parathyroids are removed?
    Tetany
  6. The lungs are covered in a serous membranous sac called the
    pulmonary pleura
  7. The passageway for foods and liquids into the digestive system, and for air into the respiratory system is the
    pharynx
  8. The vocal cords are located in the
    larynx
  9. The function of the trachea is to
    conduct air to and from the lungs
  10. The nasal cavity is dived into two portions by the
    septum
  11. The bones of the palm of the hand are referred to as
    metacarpals
  12. the muscles important in the respiration are
    intercostal
  13. The triangular muscle of the shoulder that abducts the arm is the
    deltoid
  14. The thick, fan-shaped muscle that lies on the anterior chest is the
    pecotralis major
  15. Which abdominal muscles originates at the pubic bone and ends in the ribs
    rectus abdominis
  16. One of the principle muscles of the pelvic floor is the
    levator ani
  17. The gastrocnemius is the chief muscle of the
    calf of the leg
  18. A connective tissue band that holds bones together is called
    ligament
  19. The two bones that form the side wall and the roof of the cranium are the
    parietal bones
  20. The sternocleidomastoid muscle is located
    along the side of the neck
  21. The medial bone of the forarm, which is located on the small-finger side of the hand is
    ulna
  22. The bone that is shaped like a butterfly and forms the anterior portion of the base of the cranium is the
    sphenoid
  23. The bones that forms the posterios portion of the skull is the
    occipatal
  24. the lower jawbone is the
    mandible
  25. The bone located in the neck between the mandible and the larynx, which supports the tongue and provides attachment for some of its muscles is the
    hyoid bone
  26. The adult vertebral column has how many bones
    26
  27. The smallest vertebrae, forming a group of seven, are the
    cervical
  28. Another name for the sternum is the
    breastbone
  29. The number of pairs of ribs
    12
  30. A slende, rodlike bone that is located at the base of the neck and runs horizontally is the
    clavicle
  31. The nuclues pulposes is the
    cushioning mass within an intervertebral disk
  32. The upper, flaring portion of the hipbone is the
    ilium
  33. A large opening at the base of the skull through which the spinal cord passes is the
    foramen magnum
  34. The larger, weight bearing bone of the lower leg is
    Tibia
  35. The kneecap is also called the
    patella
  36. The longest bone of the body is the
    femur
  37. The bone that fits into the acetabulum, forming a joint, is the
    femur
  38. The membranes that line closed cavaties within the body are called
    Serous membranes
  39. A rounded protuberance found at a point of articulation with another bone is called a
    condyle
  40. A condition often occuring in old age, in which there is a generalized loss of bone substance due mainly to excessive bone reabsorption, is
    osteoporosis
  41. The epiphyses are the
    ends of long bones
  42. The pigment granule that gives the skin its color is called
    melanin
  43. The membrane that covers the bones is know as
    periosteum
  44. A transparent structure that permits the eye to focus rays to form an image on the retina is the
    lens
  45. The purpose of the iris is to
    regulate the amount of light entering the eye
  46. The structure that is seen from the outside as the colored portion of the eye is the
    iris
  47. The nerve that carries visual impulses to the brain is the
    optic nerve
  48. The white outer layer of the eyeball is the
    sclera
  49. The posterior cavity of the eye contains the
    vitreous humor
  50. The structure that connects the middle ear and the throat, allowing the eardrum to vibrate freely is called
    eustachain tube
  51. The conjunctiva is the
    covering of the anterior globe except the cornea
  52. The number of pairs of spinal nerves is
    31
  53. The great sensory nerve of the face and head is the
    trigeminal
  54. The cranial nerve that contains special sense fivers for hearing as well as for balance is
    VIII
  55. The part of the brain responsible for maintenance of balance and muscle tone, as well as coordination of voluntary muscle,
    cerebellum
  56. the largest part of the brain is the
    cerebrum
  57. The outermost covering of the brain and spinal cord is the
    dura mater
  58. Cerebrospinal fluid circulates freely in the
    subarachnoid space.
  59. The brain contains four fluid spaces called
    ventricles
  60. Another name for the tympanic membrane is the
    eardrum
  61. The kidneys are positioned
    retroperitoneally
  62. The functional unit of the kidney is the
    nephron
  63. Blood is supplied to the kidney by means of the renal artery, which arises from the
    abdominal aorta
  64. The indentation in the kidney through which all structures must pass as they enter or leave the kidney is the
    hilus
  65. The outer layer of the kidney is known as the
    cortex
  66. The portion of the male urethra that passes through the pelvic floor is called the
    membranous portion
  67. Urinary retention is
    failure to urinate
  68. Urine empties from the bladder through a tube called the
    Urethra
  69. fertilization occurs in the
    fallopian tubes
  70. The perineum is
    The area between the vagina and anus

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