Religious Studies

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Religious Studies
2014-10-05 21:31:44

Religious Studies midterm
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  1. Ninian Smart's dimensions of Religion
    Ethical, Doctrinal, Mythological, Ritual, Social, Experiencial
  2. Indigenous Religion
    Religion that stayed within its place
  3. Laity
    People distinct from others (Indigenous is distinct from Hindus)
  4. Indus Valley Civilization
    (2500 to 1500 BCE) Centered around Indus/ Sindh river Highly developed civilization, Mother goddess cult, Dravidian Language
  5. Aryans
    "Noble Ones" (1500 BCE), Militarily advanced, Indian subcontinent was Aryan Homeland, "Master Narrative"
  6. Shruti
    "That which was heard", sacred literature of the Vedic (Vedas) and Upanishadic period, recited and transmitted orally by brahmin priests
  7. Smrti
    "What is remembered" Hindu literature including epics, puranas and law codes, formed after shruti and passed down written
  8. Ascetic
    Leave behind everything to find their own self
  9. River Ganges
    Purifying power, life sustaining properties
  10. Dharma
    Ones duty with respect to social position/class and stage of life
  11. Samsara
    Continuing cycle of re-births
  12. Karma
    Action that is believed to determine the quality of rebirth in future life
  13. Brahman
    The world-soul, supreme being
  14. Atman
    The individual self, human soul
  15. Maya
    Souls still caught in the samsara
  16. Moksha
    Liberated from samsara
  17. Vedas
    Maintaining cosmic order, portable religion (Religious aspect)
  18. Rig Veda
    Important source of myths and rituals
  19. Purusha Sukta
    "Hymn to the supreme person" origin of 4 classes, sacrificed Purusha (creation Myth)
  20. Upanishads
    Philosophical works, secret scripture
  21. Ramayana
    Tale of dharma, describing the ideal man/women/society
  22. Rama
    Setting the ideal man/King
  23. Sita
    Setting the ideal woman/Queen
  24. Mahabarta
    Very long epic
  25. Baghavad Gita
    Conversation between Krishna and warrior Arjuna during a war
  26. Krishna
    Teaches the relationship between the body, atman, and Brahman
  27. Arjuna
    Questions if it's right to go to war, Krishna says its ok
  28. The Triad
    Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva
  29. Brahma
    Creator God
  30. Vishnu
    Preserver God
  31. Shiva
    Destroyer God
  32. Devi
  33. Shakti
    Power of deities where gods get it from Devi's
  34. Puja
  35. Prasada
    A gift from the diety, the food is being blessed by the gods
  36. Murti
    Image or Statue
  37. Darshan
    "Seeing and being seen" by the deity and holy teacher in temple
  38. Four stages of life (Hinduism)
    Artha, Kama, Moksha, dharma
  39. Artha
    Material gain; wealth and power
  40. Kama
    Sensual and sexual pleasure; love
  41. Moksha
    Devotion to religious activities and liberation from samsara
  42. Puranas
    Ancient stories of deities
  43. Laws of Manu
    Where dharma originates, women have power but no authority
  44. Main sects
    Shaiva, Vaishnava, shakti
  45. Shaiva
    Traveled to identify the regions chosen deity, devoted Shiva symbolically
  46. Vaishnava
    Traveled to identify the regions chosen deity
  47. Caste System
    Level of Hierarchy
  48. Brahmins
    Priest, scholars
  49. Kshatiryas
    Warriors, Kings, royalty
  50. Vaishyas
    Merchants, peasents
  51. Shundra
  52. Dalits
  53. Yoga
  54. karma Yoga
    Right action
  55. Bhakti Yoga
    Devotion to personal god
  56. Jnana Yoga
    Knowledge of true nature (atman, Bramhan, dharma, Karma)
  57. Bhakti
  58. Mantra
    An expression of one or more syllables, chanted repeatedly for devotion
  59. Three Jewels
    Buddha, Dharma, Sangha (Refuges)
  60. Buddha
    "Awaken One", conscious of what is truely real
  61. Dharma (Buddhism)
    Teaching taught by the Buddha
  62. Sangha
    Congregation of Buddhist monks and nuns
  63. Legend of Buddha
    Used to model the path that all follow to enlightenment
  64. Shakayumi
    Atitle used to refer to the Buddha
  65. Jainism
    Spiritual movement started in India to seek moksha named after Jinas, one of the spiritual hero
  66. Three marks of Reality
    Dukkha, Anitya, Anatman
  67. Dukkha
  68. Anitya
  69. Anatman
  70. 4 Noble Truths
    (1) All life entails suffering. (2) Suffering is caused by desire. (3) Removing desire removes suffering. (4)Remove suffering by the eightfold path.
  71. Vehicles
    Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana
  72. Theravada
    Oldest, popular in Southern Asian countries (Sri Lanka, Thailand Laos), Way of the Elders, came about 6th BCE
  73. Mahayana
    (Great Vehicle) First century C.E., popular in East Asia (Japan, China, Korea)
  74. Bodhisattva
    One who takes a vow to achieve enlightenment
  75. Lotus Sutra
    Story that helps you progress on the path of enlightenment
  76. Amitabha/ Amida Buddha
    Person that is enlightened, who has found Pure Land
  77. Shunyata
    Emptyness, Everything is conditioned by another cause
  78. Trikaya
    Three bodies (Dharma/Truth, Bliss, Appearence Bodies)
  79. Tripitaka
    Three baskets, writings from the Buddha about discipline and doctrine
  80. Ashoka
    Inheirited throne and induced people to follow Dharma
  81. Interdependent Origination
    Everything is conditioned by another cause
  82. Ahimsa
    Non-harm (one of the five precepts)
  83. Five Precepts
    Not to kill, steal, rape, lie, or become drunk
  84. Nirvana
    State of bliss associated with final enlightenment
  85. Arhat
    Worthy One, realization of spiritual perfection
  86. Pure Land
    Heaven but more of a realm
  87. Zen/Chan
    Silent meditation
  88. Tendai/ Tian Tai
    Effort to harmonize variant scriptures
  89. The Dao
    Social Order
  90. Shangdi
    Highest figure of veneration (Shang Dynasty 1750-1040 BCE)
  91. Tian
    Heaven. Highest figure of veneration (Zhou Dynasty 1040-256 BCE)
  92. Laozi
    "Founder" of Daoism, existance is questionable
  93. Zhuangzi
    Poet and Philosopher
  94. Daodejing
    Story of folk-tales and legends
  95. Confucius
    (551-479 BCE) establishing systems of order
  96. The Analects
    (Lun Yu) Selected parts of confucianism
  97. Junzi
    Ideal Gentleman, person who embodies the 5 virtues
  98. Rectification of Names
    Act in accordance with one's place in this hierarchy
  99. Yin Yang
    Complemantary forces in the Universe
  100. Qi
    Material force or vital energy
  101. Confucian Virtues
    Filial Piety, Benevolence, Ritual Propriety, Reciprocity, Cultivation
  102. Xiao
    (Filial Piety) respect for ones ancestors
  103. Ren
    (Benevolence) humanness, empathy towards another
  104. Shu
    (Reciprocity) basic virtue to base hierarchy, relationships (Father, Son)
  105. Li
    (Ritual Propriety) Related to performing rituals
  106. Wen
    (Cultivation) Become a perfect member of society
  107. Wuwei
  108. Five Great Relationships
    Father, son; Husband, Wife; Older brother, Younger brother; elders, juniors; rulers, subjects.
  109. De
    (Moral Force) Possession of 5 virtues