Depressions openings projections and processes
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Sharp ridge or border.
Ex: Iliac crest of hip
Prominence above or on condyle.
Ex: Medial epicondyle of humerus
Hole through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass.
Ex: Vertebral foramen of cervical vertebra.
Hollw or depression.
Ex: Glenoid fossa of scapula.
Ditch like groove containing a tendon or blood vessel.
Ex: Bicipital (intercondylar) groove of humerus.
Canal or tubelike opening in a bone.
Ex: External auditory meatus.
Air-filled cavity within a bone.
Ex: Frontal sinus in frontal bone.
Rounded knuckle like projection.
Ex: Medial condyle of femur.
Projecting, prominent part of a bone.
Ex: intercondylar eminence of tibia.
Flat or shallow articular surface.
Ex: Articular facet of rib.
Rounded articular projection beyond a narrow, necklike portion of bone.
Ex: Femoral head.
Less prominent ridge.
Ex: Linea aspera of femur.
Long, thin projection (spinous process).
ex: Scapular spine.
Small, rounded projection.
Ex: Greater tubercle of humerus.
Long, rounded projection.
Ex: Ischial tuberosity.
Very large prominence for muscle attachment.
Ex: Greater trochanter of femur.
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