Chapter 10 quiz 3

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Chapter 10 quiz 3
2014-10-06 18:26:13
Chapter 10 quiz
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Chapter 10 quiz 3
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  1. A. the portuguese chart the course
       1. Prince Henry "the navigator" began the portuguese exploration of the  _____ coast; first for gold and slaves then to connect Europe to Asia's _____ _____.
       2. Bartolomew Dias pioneered the _____ portuguese empire.
       3. Vasco de Gama pushed the eastern empire to India allowing Portugal to challenge the _____/_____ spice trade.
    • African
    • spice market
    • eastern
    • Muslim/Venetian
  2. B. The Spanish Voyages of Columbus
       1. Christopher Columbus landed in San Salvador in the Eastern Bahamas; he met friendly native peoples known as the _____ Indians.
       2. Amergio Vespucci and Ferdinand Magellan explored the _____ of South America and onto the Pacific Ocean
          a. Magellan's crew was the first to _____ the globe.
       3. Intended and Unintended consequences
          a. the Spanish had a zeal for conquering and _____ non-Christian peoples.
          b. the trading black created enriched Spain and gave them a commanding role in the _____ _____ wars of the 16th and 17th centuries along with fueling a Europe wide expansion.
          c. _____ _____ - movement of food, animals, disease, goods, and slaves from the Old World to the New World and back.
    • Taino
    • coastline
    • circumnavigate
    • converting
    • religious and political
    • Columbian Exchange
  3. C. The Spanish Empire in the New World
       1. The Aztec Empire dominated _____
          a. from their capital at Tenochtitlan they ruled a vast wealthy empire; policies of demanding _____ _____ from subservient people led to bitter resentment.
          b. Hernan Cortes ended the Aztec empire and declared it _____ _____.
       2. Inca Empire in Peru - second largest empire in the Americas; conquered by Francisco _____.
       3. A small _____ military force with advanced weapons were able to destroy two great empires.
          a. New European _____ also helped Europeans conquer and dominate South America.
       4. Besides the conquest of the Incas and Aztecs being two of the most _____ events in human history it marked a fundamental turning point in the New World in which South America became _____ _____.
    • MesoAmerica
    • heavy tribute
    • New Spain
    • Pizarro
    • organized
    • diseases
    • brutal
    • Latin America
  4. D. The Church in Spanish America
       1. early clergy sought to not only _____ native peoples but also to bring them European learning an civilization
          a. bartolome de le Casas _____ against Spanish conquest of native peoples
          b. "Black Legend" - exaggerated the harsh treatment of native peoples by the Spanish; _____ native peoples.
    • convert
    • spoke out
    • romanticized
  5. E. The Economy of Exploitation
       1. forced labor was needed to _____ from mining, agriculture, and shipping.
          a. mining focused on _____ and silver; the Spanish crown received 1/5 of all mining revenues.
          b. agriculture built around the hacienda - large _____ owned by Peninsulars or Creoles and worked on by laborers
              1. subordinate to mining
              2. large _____ existed on the islands of the Caribbean
       2. labor servitude
          a. encomienda - right to the _____ of native peoples
          b. repartimiendo - a labor tax requiring native peoples to work so many _____ annually
          c. debt peonage - "free workers" were required to _____ all materials from mine owners
          d. black slavery - used on sugar plantains in the _____ and Brazil
    • profit
    • gold
    • landed estate
    • plantations
    • labor
    • days
    • purchase
    • West Indies
  6. F. Impact on Europe
       1. Columbus' discovery demonstrated the folly of relying on any fixed body of presumed _____ knowledge; opened a new age of communication and _____.
       2. Influx of bullion into European economies led to _____
    New government wealth led to sponsoring _____ and expnasion in printing, shipping, mining, _____, and the weapons industry.
       4. rise in capitalism - intended to _____ the free and efficient accumulation of wealth
          a. new wealth _____ the traditional social divisions between varying social groups paving the way for the Reformation.
    • authoritative
    • globalization
    • inflation
    • research
    • textiles
    • permit
    • aggravated