Ch 2+3 notes

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Author:
brianklein
ID:
285072
Filename:
Ch 2+3 notes
Updated:
2014-10-06 22:49:09
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5100
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  1. sentences that are constructed out of similar intuitive groupings called. Ex: The monkey saw a leopard
    phrases
  2. one or more words that occur together in a sentence and that we recognize as somehow working together in a unit
    phrase
  3. phrases are considered to function as _____ of sentences, that is, they make up or constitute sentences
    constituents
  4. grammar rules like phrase structure rules are considered ___ ____
    generative grammars
  5. single words that can fill the requirements for a verb phrase are called ______ verbs
    intransitive
  6. an intransitive verb is not followed by a ____ phrase
    noun. ex: The game ended.
  7. verbs that are followed by a noun phrase are called ________ verbs
    transitive. ex: A riot ended the game
  8. the first noun phrase in a sentence is called the ____
    subjet
  9. the noun phrase that follows a verb is called a ___ ____
    direct object
  10. transitive verbs are said to take on a ____ ____ while an intransitive verb does not
    direct object
  11. words that describe or modify a noun
    adjective
  12. knowledge about appropriate meaning that allows us to make rules that includes appropriateness that tell us that verbs like insulted and owns can occur with animate subjects but not animate subjects
    selectional restriction
  13. verbs that express ____ tell us that one thing is equivalent to another. these are ___ verbs
    being. linking
  14. ____ verbs are distinguished from both transitive and intransitive verbs
    linking
  15. a linking verb can be followed by a ____ phrase, and can also be used as an ____
    noun, adjective
  16. to test whether a verb is a linking verb is whether a form of ___ can be substituted for it without substantially altering the meaning. Carol was angry. Carol was the sandpaper
    be
  17. a noun phrase that follows a linking verb is sometimes called a ____ ____
    predicate nominative
  18. an adjective that follows a linking verb is sometimes called a ____ _____
    predicate adjective

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