The flashcards below were created by user readyreg29 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Airway and ventilation techniques in management of pulmonary diseases
    • Non-rebreather
    • BVM 
    • Intubations
    • Supraglotic 
    • Nasal canulla
    • SVN
    • CPAP
    • Needle decompression
  2. Pharmacological preparations used for respiratory diseases
    • Albuterol / Atrovent in SVN (beta-2 agonist)
    • Solu-medrol 125mg (steroid)
    • Lasix (loop diuretic)
    • Epi 0.3mg 1:1000 IM
    • Magnesium Sulfate (2gm 50cc)
    • Nitro 0.4mg
  3. Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
    • A form of lung failure / inflammation
    • Diffuse alveolar-capillary injury
    • Life-threatening lung condition
  4. Asthma
    • A disorder that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow(bronchospasm)
    • Wheezing
    • Shortness of breath
    • Chest tightness
    • Coughing
  5. Chronic bronchitis
    COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
    • Inflamed bronchi production of mucus
    • Cough and difficulty getting air in and out of the lungs
    • Smoking most common cause
    • Breathing other fumes & dusts over a long period of time
  6. Emphysema
    • Long-term  disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath due to:
    • Reduced alveolar surface area
    • Reduced elasticity 
    • Trapping of air
  7. Pneumonia
    Breathing (respiratory) condition in which there is an infection of the lungs
  8. Pulmonary Thromboembolism
    (pulmonary embolism)
    Blockage of a pulmonary artery by a clot or other foreign material that travels usually from lower extremities
  9. Pulmonary edema
    A condition caused by excess fluid in the lungs Fluid collects in the air sacs in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe
  10. Spontaneous pneumothorax
    • Abnormal accumulation of air in the space between the lungs and the chest cavity
    • Results in partial or complete collapse of a lung
  11. Hyperventilation syndrome
    Abnormal deep or raid breathing resulting in excessive loss of CO2 (resp. alkalosis)
  12. Emphysema
    Signs and symptoms
    • Thin, barrel chest
    • Nonproductive cough
    • Wheezing
    • Rhonchi
    • Dyspnea
    • Pursed-lip breathing
  13. Chronic bronchitis 
    Sign and symptoms
    • Overweight
    • Productive cough
    • Rhonchi
    • Cyanosis
    • Dyspnea
    • Resistance on inspirations & expiration
Card Set:
2014-10-07 04:14:16
Show Answers: