Criminial Justice chpt 3
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Latin term meaning "father of his country." According to this legal philosophy, the goverment is the guardian of everyone who has a disability, especailly children, and has a legal duty to act in their best interests until they reach the age of majority.
Seventeenth-century laws in England that bound out vagrants and abandoned children as indentured servants to masters.
Late ninteenth-century reformers in America who developed programs for troubled youths and influenced legislation creating the juvenile justice system.
Children's Aid Society
A child-saving organization begun by Charles Loring Brace; it took children from the streets in large cities and placed them with farm familes on the prairie.
A court that has original jurisdiction overs persons defined by statue as junveniles and alledged to be delinquents or status offenders.
The temporary care of a child alledged to be a delinquent or statue offender who requires secure cutody, pending court disposition.
A practice in which the juvenile court waives its jurisdiction over a juvenile and transfers the case to adult criminal court for trial.
The hearing in which a deision is made to waive a juvenile to criminal court.
A juvenile's first appearance before juvenile court judge, in which the charges are reviewed and an effort is madeto settle the case without a trail.
For juvenile offenders, the equivalent of sentencing for adult offenders.
Decision of judge ordering an adjudicated and sentenced juvenile offender to be placed in a correctional facility.
The rehabilitative methods used to effect a change of behavior in the juvenile offender, in the form of therapy, or educational or vocational programs.
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