C. The Italian city-state
1. geography - natural ____ between east and west.
a. ____ rich cities became powerful city-states that dominated political and economic life.
2. growth of city-states
a. propapal and proimperial forces fought and weakened each other allowing for ____ to dominate the state.
b. 5 major states - Dutch of Milan, Republic of Florence, Venice, the Papal states, and Kingdom of Naples.
3. Social Class and conflict
a. "grandi"-old rich; ____ and nobles
b. "popolo grosso"-____ rich; capitalists and bankers
c. middle-burgher; guild masters, shop owners and pros
d. "popolo minuto" - ____
1. Ciompi Revolt - uprising of the poor fueled by the feuding between old rich and new rich, the ____, and the collapse of the great banking houses- Bandi and Peruzzi
4. despotism and diplomacy - to ____ internal social conflict and foriegn intrigue from paralyzing the cities, dominat groups hired ____ or despots known as podesta to maintain law and order and allow buisness to flourish
a. operated through ____ armies known as condottieri
b. led to the ____ of diplomacy - vreated embassies and had ambassadors.
- lower class
- black death