Police and Policing Test #1

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Police and Policing Test #1
2014-10-08 14:27:37
Police Policing

Police and Policing Rutgers Camden Test #1
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  1. general service law enforcement agencies
    • -regularly engaged in:
    • 1. preventing crime
    • 2. investigating crimes and apprehending criminals
    • 3. maintaining order
    • 4. providing other miscellaneous services
  2. police officer versus peace officer
    • - all police officers are peace officers, but not all peace officers are police officers
    • - peace officers: granted certain powers and provided with certain legal protections ordinary citizens don't have; may be police, probation, parole, or corrections officer
    • - police officers: non-military person who is employed by a government agency and has the legal status of a peace officer
  3. crime-fighter image
    - idea of police as the "thin blue line" fighting a war on crime
  4. CSI Effect
    - the influence of popular crime and forensic TV shows have on the public, especially jurors involved in criminal trials; science looks cut and dry, but reality is not always so conclusive
  5. 3 ways in which the police role in extremely complex
    • 1. it involves a variety of tasks; only a few deal with criminal law enforcement
    • 2. many of the tasks are very vague
    • 3. different responsibilities often conflict with each other (i.e. maintaining order and protecting constitutional liberties within a large political demonstration)
  6. coercive force
    -includes the power to take someone's life (deadly force), the use of physical force, and the power to deprive people of their liberty through arrest; citizens generally comply with police officers simply because of the possibility of any of these uses of coercive force
  7. social control
    • - the organized way in which society responds to behavior and people it regards as deviant, problematic, worrying, threatening, troublesome, or undesirable in some way or another
    • - three types:
    • 1. private (family, friends, and other informal social groups)
    • 2. parochial (schools, churches, neighborhood groups, and businesses)
    • 3. public (governmental organizations, such as police and regulatory agencies)
  8. police role in social control
    • 1. they're "gatekeepers" of the CJ system (to arrest or not)
    • 2. social welfare system (i.e. first contact with delinquency, family problems, drug abuse, and alcoholism, referring people to specific related social service agencies; also determining mental health and if hospitalization is needed)
    • 3. political system (--> ensure public control and accountability of the police, determining policies for the police)
  9. Problem-Oriented Policing (POP)
    • - Herman Goldstein; argues that police should disaggregate their workload, identify recurring problems, and develop strategies to reduce or eliminate those problems
    • - model of policing stressing planned responses to crime and disorder problems
  10. Newport News
    • - city in VA where one of the first problem-oriented policing experiments occurred (mid-1980s)
    • - survey found deteriorated/vacant buildings contributed to burglaries; got trash and abandoned refrigerators/other dangers hauled away, talked with gov't agencies to coordinate strategies to improve conditions, and got citizens involved to pressure city officials
  11. Community Policing
    • - police should work closely with community residents in a two-way relationship instead of being an inward-looking bureaucracy
    • - police more integrated into the local community and citizens assume an active role in crime control and prevention
    • - emphasize crime prevention instead of law enforcement
    • - decentralize the decision-making authority to rank-and-file officers instead of the top-down military -style organization
  12. Zero-Tolerance Policing
    • - based on the belief hat aggressive enforcement of laws directed at combating disorder will motivate residents to better care for their community
    • - concentrates on relatively disorder, minor crime, and the appearance of crime - quality-of-life issues (such as urinating in public and "fare beating"); adopted in NYC in the 1990s
  13. team policing
    - a radical innovation in the 1970s involving restructuring police operations along neighborhood lines and decentralizing decision-making authority