Test 2 Ch. 4-5

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Test 2 Ch. 4-5
2014-10-08 22:16:12
History Modern Psychology
the new psychology
Show Answers:

  1. Who was the first psychologist to investigate learning and memory experimentally, disproving Wundt?
    Hermann Ebbinghaus
  2. How was the frequency of associations related to recall according to Ebbinghaus?
    by counting the number of repetitions needed for one perfect reproduction of the material
  3. What are nonsense syllables and what were they used for?
    • they are formed of two consonants and a vowel.
    • used to provide an equally un-associatable material for learning experiments
  4. What did Ebbinghaus discover from his learning experiments?
    meaningless or unassociated material is approximately 9 times harder to learn than meaningful material
  5. What is Act Psychology and who came up with it?
    • focused on mental activities rather than on mental contents
    • developed by Franz Brentano
  6. Who pioneered the psychological study of music?
    Carl Stumpf
  7. What is Phenomenology?
    Stumpf's introspective method that examined experience as it occurred and did not try to reduce experience to elementary components
  8. What is systematic experimental introspection?
    Kulpe's method that involved performing a complex task then having the subjects provide a retrospective report about their cognitive processes during the task
  9. What is imageless thought?
    the idea that meaning in thought can occur without any sensory or imaginal component
  10. Who discovered the influence of the unconscious mind?
    Henry Watt
  11. What are the three elementary states of consciousness as defined by Titchener?
    sensations, images, and affective states