DH 1330 Quiz 7 chap 6 veins and arteries

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anatomy2012
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285321
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DH 1330 Quiz 7 chap 6 veins and arteries
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2014-10-09 00:05:40
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DH 1330 chap veins arteries
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Chapter 6 veins and arteries vascular system
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  1. The dental professional MUST be able to locate the larger blood vessels of the head and neck BECAUSE these vessels may become compromised due to a disease process or during a dental procedure such as a local anesthetic injection.

    Both the statement and the reason are correct and related.
    Both the statement and the reason are  correct but NOT related.
    The statement is correct, but the reason is NOT.
    The statement is NOT correct, but the reason is correct.
    NEITHER the statement NOR the reason is correct
    Both the statement and the reason are correct and related.
  2. Which term is BEST used to describe a blood vessel that travels to the heart carrying blood?

     Arteriole
     Artery
     Capillary
     Vein
    Vein
  3. Blood vessels are MORE numerous than
    lymphatic vessels. However, the venous blood vessels MAINLY parallel the lymphatic vessels.

    Both statements are true.
    Both statements are false.
    The first statement is true; the second is false.
    The first statement is false; the second is true.
    The first statement is false; the second is true
  4. Which of the following statements BEST explains why BOTH facial and dental infections can lead to serious complications for the patient?

    Antibiotics do NOT work well to combat facial and dental infections.
    Valves in the veins are mostly absent in the head and neck area.
    Both facial and dental infections have been found to be difficult to detect and treat early.
    Blood supply is based on a one-to-one  relationship of blood vessel to muscle
    Valves in the veins are mostly absent in the head and neck area.
  5. What does the term anastomosis mean?

    Communication of blood vessels with another connecting channel
    Foreign material in the blood
    A large network of blood vessels
    Clot that forms on the inner blood vessel  walls
    Communication of blood vessels with another connecting channel
  6. Which are the MAJOR arteries that supply the head and neck?

    Aorta, brachiocephalic
    Common carotid, subclavian
    Posterior auricular, occipital
    Superficial temporal, facial
    Common carotid, subclavian
  7. Which artery gives rise to the posterior lateral nasal branches and septal branches including a nasopalatine branch that accompanies the nasopalatine nerve through the incisive foramen on the maxillae?

    Sphenopalatine artery
    Anterior superior alveolar artery
    Pterygoid artery
    Infraorbital artery
    Sphenopalatine artery
  8. The common carotid artery is branchless and travels superiorly along the neck, lateral to the trachea and larynx to the upper border of the thyroid cartilage. The common carotid  artery travels in a sheath deep to the superior, middle, and inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle.

    Both statements are true.
    Both statements are false.
    The first statement is true; the second is false.
    The first statement is false; the second is true
    The first statement is true; the second is false
  9. Which of the following listed is NOT a branch of the external carotid artery?

    Middle meningeal
    Facial
    Ascending pharyngeal
    Posterior auricular
    Middle meningeal
  10. What is the MAJOR destination of the subclavian artery as it travels in the body?

    Intracranial structures
    Upper extremity or arm
    Tissue inferior to the hyoid bone
    External scalp tissue
    Upper extremity or arm
  11. Which of the following structures listed is NOT supplied by the lingual artery?

    Suprahyoid muscles
    Floor of the mouth
    Sternocleidomastoid muscle
    Tongue
    Sternocleidomastoid muscle
  12. During the extraoral examination of a patient, an artery is visually noted under the skin of the patient in the temporal region. Which artery can be visualized in this manner during the examination?

    Middle temporal artery
    Transverse facial artery
    Superficial temporal artery
    Maxillary artery
    Superficial temporal artery
  13. Which branch of the maxillary artery supplies the maxillary anterior teeth by way of each tooth's apical foramen?

    Infraorbital artery
    Inferior alveolar artery
    Sphenopalatine artery
    Anterior superior alveolar artery
    Anterior superior alveolar artery
  14. The veins of the head and neck start out as large venules and become smaller as they near the base of the neck on their way to the heart. The veins of the head and upper neck are usually symmetric in location with limited or NO variance regarding their location.

    Both statements are true.
    Both statements are false.
    The first statement is true; the second is false.
    The first statement is false; the second is true
    Both statements are false
  15. Which of the following oral structures or regions is NOT drained by the facial vein?

    Upper lip
    Lower lip
    Submental space
    Lateral scalp
    Lateral scalp
  16. Which of the following blood vessels NOT only protects the maxillary artery from being compressed during mastication but also accommodates changes in volume of the infratemporal fossa that occur when the mandible moves?

    Posterior superior alveolar veins
    Pterygoid plexus of veins
    Maxillary vein
    Middle meningeal vein
    Pterygoid plexus of veins
  17. Which of the following veins listed drains MOST of the head and neck?

    Internal jugular vein
    External jugular vein
    Inferior alveolar vein
    Anterior jugular vein
    Internal jugular vein
  18. What is a serious, life-threatening blood vessel lesion that occurs when a blood vessel is seriously traumatized, allowing large amounts of blood to escape into the surrounding tissue without clotting?

    Hematoma
    Thrombus
    Bacteremia
    Hemorrhage
    Hemorrhage
  19. How is the blood supply DIRECTLY provided to the sternocleidomastoid muscle?

    Internal carotid artery
    Superior thyroid artery
    Lingual artery
    Angular artery
    Superior thyroid artery
  20. A branch of the maxillary artery reaches the nasal cavity through the

    infraorbital foramen.
    incisive foramen.
    sphenopalatine foramen.
    greater and lesser palatine foramina
    sphenopalatine foramen
  21. What is the relationship of the maxillary vein to the superficial temporal vein?

    Shallower
    Deeper
    Superior
    Inferior
    Deeper
  22. The pterygoid plexus of veins is a collection of small anastomosing vessels located around the pterygoid muscles and DIRECTLY surrounding which artery?

    External carotid artery
    Maxillary artery
    Inferior alveolar artery
    Internal carotid artery
    Maxillary artery
  23. What is the relationship of the subclavian artery to the common carotid artery?

    Anterior
    Posterior
    Medial
    Lateral
    Lateral
  24. How many anterior branches arise from the external carotid artery?

    One
    Two
    Three
    Four
    Three
  25. With what nerve is the occipital artery closely associated at its origin?

    Trigeminal nerve
    Facial nerve
    Hypoglossal nerve
    Mandibular nerve
    Hypoglossal nerve
  26. MORE THAN ONE ANSWER

    From the following list of descriptions, select which descriptions can be used for the pathway of the external carotid artery.

    Begins at inferior border of thyroid cartilage
    Travels upward medial to internal carotid artery
    Begins at the termination of common carotid artery
    Travels upward lateral to internal carotid artery
    Travels upward medial to internal carotid artery, Begins at the termination of common carotid artery
  27. MORE THAN ONE ANSWER

    From the following list of blood vessels, select those blood vessels that anastomose with the pterygoid plexus of veins located around the pterygoid muscles.

    Facial artery
    Maxillary artery
    Facial vein
    Retromandibular vein
    Maxillary vein
    Facial vein, Retromandibular vein
  28. MORE THAN ONE ANSWER

    From the following list of terms concerning compromised blood vessels, select the terms that are associated DIRECTLY with clot formation.

    Thrombus
    Embolus
    Hematoma
    Hemorrhage
    Varicosity
    Thrombus, Embolus, Hematoma
  29. MORE THAN ONE ANSWER

    From the following list of descriptions, select which descriptions can be used for the pathway of the external jugular vein.

    Has valves near its entry
    Terminates in the subclavian vein
    Visible near the sternocleidomastoid muscle
    Usually only one vein is present
    Has valves near its entry, Terminates in the subclavian vein, Visible near the sternocleidomastoid muscle
  30. MORE THAN ONE ANSWER

    From the following list of descriptions, select which descriptions can be used for the  pathway of the maxillary artery.

    May be superficial to lateral pterygoid muscle
    Runs between mandible and  temporomandibular ligament
    May be deep to lateral pterygoid muscle
    Runs through infratemporal fossa
    • May be superficial to lateral pterygoid muscle
    • May be deep to lateral pterygoid muscle
    • Runs through infratemporal fossa

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