# Canine & Feline: Nutrition

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1. What is a complete diet?
Diet that supports life and maintain reproduction.
2. What is a balanced diet?
Diet that supports life, maintains reproduction and contains all the nutrients needed. (vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, etc.)
3. 3 basic forms of pet food:
• - Dry: 3-11% water
• - Semi moist: 25-35% water
• - Moist: 70-83% water
4. "True cost of feeding" means?
Cost of feeding pet per day.
5. What form of pet food is a major course of calories?
Dry pet food.
6. Why is dry pet food most often used out of the 3 forms of pet food?
• 1) Cost effective
• 2) Convenient
• 3) Easy to use
• 4) Doesn't spoil
7. Amount to feed:
• Small breeds (less than 20#)
•     - 30% more calories
•     - Pound for pound

• Medium breeds (20-75#)
•     - 30 calories per pound of body weight

• Large breeds (over 75#)
•     - 15% fewer calories per pound than
•        medium dogs.
8. Example of calculating food per pound:
1)   80# X 30 = 2400  (30 calories per #)

• 2)   2400 X .15 = 360.00 (Because large
•                                       breeds have 15%
•                                       fewer calories.)

3)  2400 - 360.00 = 2,040 calories per day.
9. Dogs at Tomball get ____ oz of food per pound.
1/3
10. 3 factors that influence the amount of food pets will require:
• 1) Age
• 2) Activity
• 3) Temperature
11. Each 10 degree drop in temperature requires a 7.5% _____ in calories.
Each 10 degree increase requires a 7.5% ____ in calories.
• - increase
• - decrease
12. Example of calculating calories with temperature change:
•          (+7.5%)       (-7.5%)
• 60° <---------- 70° ----------> 80°
•                   1200 cal

1200 X .075 = 90.000

• So, you subtract 90 calories from 1200 calories if the temperature increased.
• And you would add 90 calories to 1200 calories in the temperature decreased.
13. Meat/scraps should never account for more then ___% of daily diet.
15%
14. Dogs should receive _________ times the water as solid dry food at all times.
Two and one-half.
15. Newborns eyes are closed the first _____ days of their life.
7-10 days
16. Each litter mate should gain approx. ______ each week during lactation.
It's birth weight.

For example, it a puppy weighed 2 oz when it was born, it would weight 4 oz the next week and then weigh 6 oz during it's third week.
17. _____ is the key nutritional factor that newborns must get immediately after birth.
Colostrum
18. Colostrum provides:
• 1.) Fluid for vital circulatory expansion.
• 2.) Maternal antibodies
•         -passive immunity
• 3.) Vaccines
•         -active immunity
19. When to feed newborns:
• 0-4 months = 4X a day
• 4-10 months = 2-3X a day
• 10 months and over = 1X a day
20. Good Puppy Formula:
• - 1 cup dry puppy food
• - 1 cup canned puppy food
• - 1 tsp. pancake/waffle syrup
• - 1 cup whole milk

(Start after 3 weeks of age)
21. Formula for feeding a newborn:
1 oz / # / 24 hours (DRY ONLY)
22. Formula for feeding an adult:
0.5 oz / # / 24 hours (DRY)

(1/3 oz for shelter dogs)

1.5 oz / # / 24 hours (MOIST)
23. Peak lactation in the bitch and queen occurs at ___ weeks and concludes at _____ weeks.
• - 4 weeks
• - 5-6 weeks
24. At ____ weeks old you can introduce gruel to puppies/kittens.
3 weeks
25. Weaning Formula:
• - Don't feed bitch on day of weaning
• - 2nd day = Feed 1/4 normal amount
• - 3rd day = Feed 1/2 normal amount
• - 4th day = Feed 3/4 normal amount
• - 5th day = Reg. amount.
26. When feeding orphaned newborns you should feed milk ____ in protein and ____ in lactose than bovine milk.
• - Higher
• - Lower
27. Orphaned Newborns Formula:
1 oz / 1 gram of body weight / 24 hrs in 4 doses
28. How much to feed orphaned newborns?
• - 1st week = 10 mLs of milk at 10 oz
• - Converts to 1 mL/oz of body weight
29. The stomach capacity of a newborn is ____ mLs per pound of body weight.
25 mLs
30. Solid food can be added to orphaned newborns food bowl ___ days after lapping starts.
2 days
31. Cats eat food based on ___ and ____.
Shape and color
32. The average cat is ____ lbs.
7-9
33. Cats are fed _____ calories per pound of body weight.
32-34 calories
34. Implantation in uterus occurs between ___ and ___ day of gestation.
12th and 14th
35. Puppy/kitten enjoy a ______ that touches the endometrium at 360 degrees.
"Zonary placenta"
36. Polytocous =
More than one offspring
37. What kind of shot will stop a pregnancy?
Mismate Shot
38. 3 factors involved with the achievement of optimal development of the newborn:
• 1. Genetics - Most important
• 2. Nutrition
• 3. Care and management
39. #1 cause of death in puppies and kitten is _____.
Hyperthermia
40. The bitch provides heat to her pups in these ways:
• - Heat with moisture
• - Stimulation of alimentary tract
• - Circulation
• - Mothering of newborn
• - Security
• - Milk
41. Temperature Guidelines for Puppies:
• 1st week = 90-85 degrees
• 2nd week = 85 degrees
• 3rd week = 80 degrees
• 4th week 75-70 degrees
• 5th week = 70 degrees
42. Milk replacers for bitch and queen:
• Bitch - Bordens Esbilac
• Queen - KLM

OR Red Top Whole Milk
43. A ___ to ___ hour time period is ideal when switching a newborn from its mothers milk to a milk replacer.
3-4 hours
44. A dog that is not training should eat regular dog food with ___% protein; ___ calories.
A training dog should eat dog food with a greater nutrient density with ___% protein; ___ calories.
• - 20% ; 1600 calories
• - 26% ; 1750 calories
45. 10% loss of water will result in _____.
Death
46. Amount to feed a mature cat:
• Dry = free choice
• Semi-moist = 2X a day
• Canned = 2-3X a day
47. The amount of food required by the dog and cat is dependent on several factors:
• 1. Age
• 2. Activity
• 3. Temperature
• 4. Body metabolism
48. RER =
Resting Energy Requirement
49. Parenteral Nutrition =
• - PN
• - Delivery of nutrition through IV
• - 60 mL / kg / day
50. 3 Nutritional Diseases:
• 1. Chronic Renal Failure
• 2. Congestive Heart Failure
• 3. Gastrointestinal Disease
51. What are Nephrons?
Filters in kidneys that separate the good and bad components from blood as it flows through the kidney.
52. Growing dogs = ___ protein
Main dogs = ___ protein
Early clinical
signs of kidney
disease = ___ protein
• - 26%
• - 20%
• - 12%
53. Causes of Congestive Heart Failure:
• - Mitral value insufficiency
• - Heartworms
• - Neoplasia
• - Etc.
54. Congestive Heart Failure triggers the _________.
Renin-Angiotensin Reaction
55. Objectives for Dietary Management:
• 1. Reduce bodys need for GI function
• 2. Supply nutrients in forms that are easily digested and absorbed.
56. The #1 form of malnutrition is ___.
Obesity
57. ____% of all pet dogs and cats are obese.
44%
58. #1 cause of obesity is _____.
Client overfeeding
59. _____ is excessive accumulation of body fat.
Obesity
60. 5 causes of obesity:
• 1. Overfeeding
• 2. Hormonal
• 3. Castration
• 4. Psychological
• 5. Physiological gluttony
61. 2 diagnoses associated with obesity:
• 1. Hypothyroidism
62. 4 health risks associated with obesity:
• 1. Coronary Heart Disease
• 2. Diabetes Mellitus
• 3. Hypertension
• 4. Pulmonary disorders
63. What is coprophagy?
Animal consumes it's own feces.
64. Coprophagy Facts:
• - No exact cause.
• - Thought to be caused from boredom.
• - Prevent with balanced diet.
• - Rodents eat their own feces for nutrition
• - Horses eat their own feces from maternal pheromone.
65. Canine c/d =
For struvite urolithiasis
66. Canine d/d =
67. Canine g/d =
For older dogs at risk for kidney and heart disease.
68. Canine i/d =
For GI conditions, pancreatitis and colinitis.
69. Canine k/d =
For kidney failure and moderate heart disease.
70. Canine l/d =
For liver disease, Hepatic encephalopathy and Cooper Storage disease.
71. Canine p/d =
For growth and recuperative conditions.
72. Canine r/d =
For obesity and Lymphangiectasia.
73. Canine s/d =
For dissolution of Struvite crystals.
74. Canine u/d =
For urolithiasis and urate and crystine crystals.
75. Canine w/d =
For diabetes mellitus.
 Author: hbreard ID: 285374 Card Set: Canine & Feline: Nutrition Updated: 2014-10-15 01:54:01 Tags: Canine Feline Nutrition Folders: Canine and Feline Description: Nutrition Show Answers: