AP Euro Chapter 15 - Age of religious wars and expansion

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  1. Who was shakespeare?
    The best known English Language and Western Literature writer. He was popular during the Elizabethan era.His plays were performed in The Globe Theater, which has been rebuilt and called Shakespeare's Globe.
  2. What was the treaty of Cateau-Cambresis?
    It ended the Hapsburg-Valois wars
  3. What were the Hapsburg-Valois wars?
    They were fought over territorial conflicts between
  4. Who was Rembrandt?
    A wildly successful portrait painter
  5. Who was Rubens?
    Image Upload 1Image Upload 2
  6. Who was Bach?
    A german baroque composer
  7. Who began skepticism?
    Michel de Montaigne - Finest representation of early modern skepticism
  8. Who was pizzaro?
    Led the inquisition of the incas
  9. What was the price revolution?
    Due to Spain's weak middle class and huge population, prices increased faster than wages could keep up and they relied on loans from countries.
  10. What were the economic effects of the price revolution?
    Spain's economic undoing unfurled to the rest of Europe. Nobles on fixed wages suffered and the lower class suffered as they couldn't afford food, but the middle class prospered because their debts had less value each year
  11. Who was Gustovus Adolphus?
    Led Sweden to military supremacy during 30 years war, brought an army and money
  12. What was the treaty of Westphalia?
    Ended the Thirty Years War and the Eighty Years War and Spain was forced to recognize Dutch Independence
  13. What did the treaty of westphalia do to kingdoms?
    Allowed german princes to determine their region's religions again after peace of augsberg
  14. What was the bourse?
    dutch marketplace - beginnings of capitalism, stock exchange
  15. What was the escorial?
    a monastery and palace in central Spain built by/for Philip II
  16. What change did the Hapsburg-Valois wars bring?
    First war with gun powder - "black powder age"
  17. What were France's religious conflicts?
    Officially catholic but large number of Huguenots (french calvinists) led to revolts
  18. What was the Edict of Nantes?
    Religious rights granted to Huguenots
  19. What was the war of Three Henries?
    • Three aristocrats fought for leadership.
    • King Henry III - Catholic, doubted the Catholic league
    • Henry of Navarre - Protestant, Later King Henry IV
    • Henry, Duke of Guise - Led catholic league
  20. Who solved France's religious conflict? How? Who put him in power?
    Henry Navarre. Though he was protestant, he converted to catholicism of unity. "Paris is worth a mass." The politiques put him in power.
  21. What was the Concordat of Bologna?
    Francis 1 and Pope Leo X agreed that catholicism should be official state religion, but french king supreme over pope
  22. Why did the Netherlands revolt?
    They wanted independence from Spain
  23. Why did Elizabeth support the Dutch?
    England was heavily invested in wool trade involving Dutch, feared Philip II would come for England next
  24. Why did Philip II want to stop Dutch revolt so badly?
  25. Who declared independence for the Dutch?
    Prince William (House of Orange)
  26. Who led Philip II's army against the Dutch?
    First the Duke of Alva, then Alexander Farnese
  27. What were the results of the Thirty Years' War?
    HUGE setbacks for Germany as most of war was on their territory, Hapsburgs couldn't reunite Europe to Catholicism, ended medieval idea of religious/political unity, France is the big winner
  28. What marked the end of Spain as a military power?
    The treaty of Pyrenees, which ended the war between spain and france
  29. Who were Spain's ineffective rulers?
    Philip III, Philip IV, Charles II
  30. What is the difference between bullionism and mercantilism? What did they do?
    Bullionism is the belief that gold and silver measured a nation's wealth. Mercantilism was slightly more sophisticated - belief that value of exports should always exceed value of imports. They served to strengthen and feed the monarchy.
  31. What were the elements of mercantilism?
    Government directs economy, controls the country like a father would control their child, build the empire with colonies
  32. Who controlled Indonesian "spice islands?"
  33. Who was Jean Babtiste Colbert?
    Managed Frances economy for Louis XIV who loved luxury and was a divine right monarch (the "sun king"), encouraged huge population growth
  34. Who was Cardinal Richelieu?
    Helped 10Year old kind Louis XIII to make him supreme king in france and make france supreme in europe, encouraged him to enter 30yrs war
  35. What is a caravel?
    A round portuguese ship with lateen sails
  36. What is a Toneis?
    Watertight casks that kept water fresh
  37. What were the 39 articles?
    Doctrines of anglican church
  38. What was the commercial revolution?
    Expansion of investments and banking
  39. What was a joint stock company?
    Investing money in return for shares
  40. Janissaries
    Slaves trained to be elite soldiers for sultan
  41. Who discovered the pacific ocean?
  42. Who discovered the St. Lawrence river?
  43. Who discovered Brazil?
  44. Who proved the world was round by circumnavigating the earth?
  45. Who claimed new york for the Dutch?
  46. Who explored southwestern US?
  47. Who was the outstanding art personality of the Baroque period?
  48. What began the 30 years war?
    The defenstration of prague; a calvanist revolt in bohemia
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AP Euro Chapter 15 - Age of religious wars and expansion
AP Euro Chapter 15
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