How to form Latin verbs

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Author:
RedEdison
ID:
285526
Filename:
How to form Latin verbs
Updated:
2014-10-12 15:47:21
Tags:
Latin
Folders:
Latin
Description:
Latin verb forms
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  1. Present Active Indicative
  2. What are the personal endings?
    • -ō/m
    • -s
    • -t
    • -mus
    • -tis
    • -nt
  3. Present Indicative Passive
    • Take infinitive
    • Take off -re
    • Add passive endings
  4. What are the passive endings?
    • -or/-r
    • -ris/-re
    • -tur
    • -mur
    • -minī
    • -ntur
  5. Present Subjunctive Active
    • Take present stem
    • Drop stem vowel
    • Substitute it with new vowel(s) (see next questions)
    • Add personal endings
  6. First declension: what are the substituted vowels for the present active and passive subjunctives?
  7. Second declension: what are the substituted vowels for the present active and passive subjunctives?
    -eā
  8. Third declension: what are the substituted vowels for the present active and passive subjunctives?
  9. Third declension i-stems: what are the substituted vowels for the present active and passive subjunctives?
    -iā
  10. Fourth declension: what are the substituted vowels for the present active and passive subjunctives?
    -iā
  11. Present Subjunctive Passive
    • Take present stem
    • Drop the vowel
    • Add the substitution vowel(s)
    • Add passive endings
  12. Imperfect Indicative Active
    • Take present stem
    • Add tense signal -ba-
    • Add personal endings
  13. Imperfect Indicative Active: what are the significant vowels in the third and fourth declensions?
    • Third: -ē- precedes tense signal
    • i-stem and Fourth: -iē- precedes tense signal
  14. Imperfect Indicative Passive
    • Take present stem
    • Add tense signal -ba-
    • Add passive endings
  15. Imperfect Subjunctive Active and Passive
    • Take full present active infinitive
    • Lengthen final vowel
    • Add personal/passive endings
  16. Future Indicative Active 1st and 2nd declensions
    • Take present stem
    • Add tense signal -bi-
    • Add personal endings
  17. Future Indicative Active 3rd and 4th declensions
    • Take present stem
    • Add tense signal -ē-
    • Add personal endings
  18. Future Indicative Passive
    • Take present stem
    • Add tense signal -bi-
    • Add passive endings
  19. What are the vowel changes in Future Indicative Passive 1st and 2nd declension?
    • stem = optā -bi- 
    • 1st sing = optābor
    • 2nd sing = optāberis
    • 3rd pl = optābuntur
  20. What are the vowel changes in Future Indicative Passive 3rd and 4th declension?
    • stem + -ē- 
    • 1st sing = stem + ar
    • e.g. dūcar, sentiar
  21. Perfect Indicative Active
    • Take 3rd principal part
    • Drop the -ī
    • Add perfect endings
  22. What are the perfect endings?
    • -istī
    • -it
    • -imus
    • -istis
    • -ērunt
  23. Perfect Subjunctive Active
    • Take perfect stem
    • Add -eri- 
    • Add the personal endings
  24. Perfect Indicative Passive
    • Take 4th principal part (perfect passive participle)
    • Add present active indicative of sum, esse, fuī, futūrus
  25. Perfect Subjunctive Passive
    • Take fourth principal part
    • Add present subjunctive of sum
  26. What is the present subjunctive of sum?
    • sim
    • sīs
    • sit
    • sīmus
    • sītis
    • sint
  27. Pluperfect Indicative Active
    • Take 3rd PP
    • Drop the -ī
    • Add -erā-
    • Add personal endings
  28. Pluperfect Subjunctive Active
    • Take 3rd PP
    • Drop the -ī
    • Add -issē-
    • Add personal endings
  29. Pluperfect Indicative Passive
    • Take the 4th PP (the participle)
    • Add the imperfect indicative active of sum
  30. What is the imperfect indicative active of sum?
    • eram
    • erās
    • erat
    • erāmus
    • erātis
    • erant
  31. Pluperfect Subjunctive Passive
    • Take the 4th PP
    • Put with Imperfect Subjunctive of sum

  32. What is the imperfect subjunctive of sum?
    • essem
    • essēs
    • esset
    • essēmus
    • essētis
    • essent
  33. Future Perfect Indicative Active
    • Take 3rd PP
    • Remove the -ī
    • Add -eri-
    • Add personal endings
  34. Future Perfect Indicative Passive
    • Take 4th PP
    • Take future of sum

  35. What is the future of sum?
    • erō
    • eris
    • erit
    • erimus
    • eritis
    • erunt

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