Who were the participants of the Persian war?
The main participants were Athenians, Spartans,Tegeans, and the Persians. In that war was one of Athens greatest moments, there army defeated a much bigger Persian army. There were perhaps 25,000 Persians and under King Darius generals landed on the Greek plain of Marathon. Spartans were unwilling to provide timely help for the Athenians, so Athens army was about 1/3 the size of the Persian army. The Persians stationed themselves for battle suitable for there horsemen. The Greeks won by encircling the Persian forces. This was a momentous event since it was the first Greek victory in the Persian Wars