Biology 40s - Kingdom Protista

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Author:
KaZuma_t3
ID:
285541
Filename:
Biology 40s - Kingdom Protista
Updated:
2014-10-12 01:05:57
Tags:
biology
Folders:
biology
Description:
biology
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  1. describe protists (3)
    • unicellular and eukaryotic
    • first eukaryotes were thought to be aquatic
    • gave rise to other kingdoms
  2. describe eukaryotic cells (6)
    • have a true nucleus
    • have organelles
    • mostly unicellular
    • autotrophic and heterotrophic
    • asexual or sexual reproduction
    • often in pond water
  3. describe animal-like protists "protozoans" amoeba (3) and paramecium (1)
    • amoebas are amoeboids
    • amoebas can cause amoebic dysentry (contaminated water causes diarrhea, stomach cramps, and vomiting
    • uses pseudopodia for movement and capturing food
    • paramecium can reproduce asexually (binary fission) or sexually (conjugation)
  4. describe plant-like protists (3)
    • euglena and green algae
    • autotrophic 
    • have chloroplasts with cholorphyll
  5. describe fungi-like protists (3)
    • live cool, dark and moist environments
    • release spores
    • damage skin
  6. describe dangerous protists (2)
    • plasmodium
    • animal-like protist carried by mosquito vector and cause malaria
  7. Symptoms of malaria (6)
    • fever
    • chills
    • nausea
    • flu-like illness

    • severe cases:
    • coma
    • death
  8. is there a vaccine for malaria
    • no vaccine
    • preventative drugs and mosquito netting can reduce infection
  9. how is malaria transmitted (3)
    • mosquito injects sporozoites
    • take over liver
    • liver releases merozoites that infect RBC
  10. 3 types of locomotion, definition, and examples
    • cilia: small hair like structures that move together (ex. paramecium)
    • flagella: large whip-like structure (ex. euglena)
    • pseudopodia: or "false feet", cytoplasmic streaming that pull the cell forward and used to capture prey (ex. amoeba)

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