Biology 40s - Kingdom Fungi

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Author:
KaZuma_t3
ID:
285547
Filename:
Biology 40s - Kingdom Fungi
Updated:
2014-10-12 01:45:39
Tags:
biology
Folders:
biology
Description:
biology
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  1. characteristics of fungi (9)
    • eukaryotic and multicellular
    • cell walls made of chitin
    • heterotrophic (parasitic, saprobic, mutualistic)
    • absorb nutrients from substrate by releasing digestive enzymes
    • have 2 nuclei
    • no true roots
    • no transport systems
    • 4 major phylums
    • over 80, 000 species
  2. describe phylum zygomycota (bread molds) (2)
    • release thousands of thick-walled spores from sporangia that withstand poor conditions
    • when they arrive at a suitable substrate, they grow (ex. rhizopus)
  3. describe phylum ascomycota (sac fungi) (3)
    • largest phylum
    • includes mildews, yeasts, and morels
    • have a "sac-like" structure where spores develop
  4. describe phylum basidiomycota (club fungi) (4)
    • have club shaped hyphae called basidia
    • basidia (mushroom fruiting body) from sexual reproduction has many gills
    • gills hold basidia and release basidiospores
    • one mushroom can produce +1 billion spores
  5. describe phylum deuteromycota (2)
    • reproduce asexually¬†
    • makes blue cheese, soya sauce, and penicillin
  6. 4 disease causing fungi
    • ringworm
    • fungal nails
    • athletes foot
    • yeast infection and jock itch etc
  7. how do you treat fungi diseases
    anti-fungal medicines and creams
  8. 2 species of lichens and functions
    • fungi: provide water/protection for algae
    • algae or cyanobacteria: provide food for fungi
  9. describe lichens (2)
    • live on bare rock and tree trunks
    • very sensitive to pollution
  10. define puffballs (2)
    • rupture and release a strong rotten odour+spores
    • attract flies for fertilization over long distances
  11. edible mushrooms (7)
    • button
    • oyster
    • morels
    • portobello
    • shataki
    • truffles

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