# Mixtures and solutions study guide 1

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1. Anything that takes up space (volume) and has mass
matter
2. Describe the size of matter particles
Atoms are too small to be seen
3. Describe the properties of a solid
• definite volume
• definite shape
• particles close together
• vibrate, but stay in one place
4. Describe the properties of a liquid
• definite volume
• takes on the shape of its container
• particles are close together but able to move apart and flow
5. Describe the properties of a gas
• definite volume
• take on the shape and volume of container
• filing the space
• particles move far apart
6. How is the volume of a rectangular solid calculated?
• Measure with ruler then use formula V=LxWxH
• (Volume= Length x Width x Height)
7. How is the volume of an irregular figure calculated?
Displacement
8. how is the volume of a liquid calculated?
• graduated cylinder (ex: measuring cup)
• syringe
9. What is a mixture?
• 2 substances combined together, each substance keeps the original property
• made up of 2 or more substances mixed together, but can be separated
• ex: chex mix
10. Do the substances that make up a mixture change? Explain:
• No they do not change
• they keep their separate properties
11. What is a solution?
• made when a solid dissolves in a liquid
• mixture made up of 2 or more substances mixed together so completely that can not be distinguished as separate or individual substances
• ex: lemonade or kool aid
12. Do the substances that make up a solution change? explain:
• Yes they do change
• they mix so completely that you can't tell them apart the solid dissolved in the liquid
• ex: lemonade or kool aid
13. What is an example of a mixture?
Trail Mix (chex mix)
14. What is an example of a solution?
15. Is a mixture a solution?
No
16. Is a solution a mixture?
• Yes
• special kind of mixture (solute must dissolve)
17. What is filtration used for?
to separate solid particles from a liquid
18. How does filtration work?
Pour mixture through filter paper in a funnel to trap the solid particles.
19. Give an example of filtration…
• water treatment plants do to make water clean enough to drink
• Make coffee using a coffee filter, the filter prevents the coffee grinds from getting into coffee
20. What is sifting?
• separating smaller particles from larger particles
• sifting flower
21. How does sifting work?
A mixture of different sizes of particles can be put in container that has a screen at the bottom
 Author: ewilson ID: 285593 Card Set: Mixtures and solutions study guide 1 Updated: 2014-10-12 19:13:51 Tags: mixtures solutions Folders: Description: 5th grade mixtures and solutions Show Answers: