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Name 4 areas of alcohol legislation
- Legal Drinking Age (LDA): minimum age to purchase or consume alcohol
- Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC): maximum BAC for drivers and operators of dangerous machinery
- Guidelines for sensible drinking
- Restrictions covering the marketing, packaging and sale of alcohol
Describe LDA legislation
- Prevents access to alcohol on or off premises
- May be distinct from minimum age to purchase alcohol
- Most does not cover drinking iun the home with parental permission and supervision
Describe BAC legislation
- mg of ethanol per ml of blood
- Limits for drivers range from 0-0.8 mg/ml
Describe sensible drinking guidelines
- Standard drink/unit varies by country but generally ranges between 8-14 g of ethanol
- Standard drink/unit contains the same amount of alcohol, regardless of contents
- Recommends low-risk drinking levels for men and women
- Offers advice to particular populations deems to be at increased risk
Describe Alcohol restrictions
- Many laws, codes and guidelines regulate how alcohol is produced, marketed and sold; some are voluntary
- Many are reinforced with independent complains panels
- Refer to www.alcoholinmoderation.com and www.drinkingandyou.com
Are there health benefits to moderate drinking?
- For men over 40 and post-menopausal women, it reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
- It thins the blood and stimulates the liver to expel LDL cholesterol.
- One standard drink confers all the benefits and lasts for 24 hours.
- Polyphenols and tannins (antioxidants) may relax artery walls and offer protection from free radicals.
- Alcohol should be drunk fro pleasure and relaxaton and not for any conceived health benefit.
When Not to Drink
- Alcohol slows down your reactions
- Alcohol does not mix with some medications
- Alcohol should be avoided by pregnant women, those planning to conceive, and those with a history of mental illness or addiction
How is alcohol metabolized?
- Absorbed into bloodstream through stomach and small intestines
- Food slows down the rate of absorption
- Body cannot store alcohol so it must be broken down -- mainly by the liver
- On average, the body breaks down alcohol at roughly one standard drink (10g) per hour
- When alcohol is broken down it produces a toxin called acetaldehyde
Names risks that increase due to heavy drinking on a regular basis
- Cirrhosis of the liver
- Cardiac arrest and stroke
- Cancer of the digestive tract and breast
How does eating food effect alcohol consumption?
- Alcohol enters your bloodstream slower and stays in your system longer
- Drinking water lessens hangovers but does not reduce damage
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