Card Set Information
WSET Diploma Unit 4 - Spirits
Name 4 areas of alcohol legislation
Legal Drinking Age (LDA)
: minimum age to purchase or consume alcohol
Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)
: maximum BAC for drivers and operators of dangerous machinery
Guidelines for sensible drinking
Restrictions covering the marketing, packaging and sale of alcohol
Describe LDA legislation
Prevents access to alcohol on or off premises
May be distinct from minimum age to purchase alcohol
Most does not cover drinking iun the home with parental permission and supervision
Describe BAC legislation
mg of ethanol per ml of blood
Limits for drivers range from 0-0.8 mg/ml
Describe sensible drinking guidelines
Standard drink/unit varies by country but generally ranges between 8-14 g of ethanol
Standard drink/unit contains the same amount of alcohol, regardless of contents
Recommends low-risk drinking levels for men and women
Offers advice to particular populations deems to be at increased risk
Describe Alcohol restrictions
Many laws, codes and guidelines regulate how alcohol is produced, marketed and sold; some are voluntary
Many are reinforced with independent complains panels
Refer to www.alcoholinmoderation.com and www.drinkingandyou.com
Are there health benefits to moderate drinking?
For men over 40 and post-menopausal women, it reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
It thins the blood and stimulates the liver to expel LDL cholesterol.
One standard drink confers all the benefits and lasts for 24 hours.
Polyphenols and tannins (antioxidants) may relax artery walls and offer protection from free radicals.
Alcohol should be drunk fro pleasure and relaxaton and not for any conceived health benefit.
When Not to Drink
Alcohol slows down your reactions
Alcohol does not mix with some medications
Alcohol should be avoided by pregnant women, those planning to conceive, and those with a history of mental illness or addiction
How is alcohol metabolized?
Absorbed into bloodstream through stomach and small intestines
Food slows down the rate of absorption
Body cannot store alcohol so it must be broken down -- mainly by the liver
On average, the body breaks down alcohol at roughly one standard drink (10g) per hour
When alcohol is broken down it produces a toxin called acetaldehyde
Names risks that increase due to heavy drinking on a regular basis
Cirrhosis of the liver
Cardiac arrest and stroke
Cancer of the digestive tract and breast
How does eating food effect alcohol consumption?
Alcohol enters your bloodstream slower and stays in your system longer
Drinking water lessens hangovers but does not reduce damage