Social Responsiblity

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Author:
mikedutch
ID:
285638
Filename:
Social Responsiblity
Updated:
2014-10-12 19:01:34
Tags:
WSET
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Description:
WSET Diploma Unit 4 - Spirits
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  1. Name 4 areas of alcohol legislation
    • Legal Drinking Age (LDA): minimum age to purchase or consume alcohol
    • Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC): maximum BAC for drivers and operators of dangerous machinery
    • Guidelines for sensible drinking
    • Restrictions covering the marketing, packaging and sale of alcohol
  2. Describe LDA legislation
    • Prevents access to alcohol on or off premises
    • May be distinct from minimum age to purchase alcohol
    • Most does not cover drinking iun the home with parental permission and supervision
  3. Describe BAC legislation
    • mg of ethanol per ml of blood
    • Limits for drivers range from 0-0.8 mg/ml
  4. Describe sensible drinking guidelines
    • Standard drink/unit varies by country but generally ranges between 8-14 g of ethanol
    • Standard drink/unit contains the same amount of alcohol, regardless of contents
    • Recommends low-risk drinking levels for men and women
    • Offers advice to particular populations deems to be at increased risk
  5. Describe Alcohol restrictions
    • Many laws, codes and guidelines regulate how alcohol is produced, marketed and sold; some are voluntary
    • Many are reinforced with independent complains panels
    • Refer to www.alcoholinmoderation.com and www.drinkingandyou.com
  6. Are there health benefits to moderate drinking?
    • For men over 40 and post-menopausal women, it reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
    • It thins the blood and stimulates the liver to expel LDL cholesterol.
    • One standard drink confers all the benefits and lasts for 24 hours.
    • Polyphenols and tannins (antioxidants) may relax artery walls and offer protection from free radicals.
    • Alcohol should be drunk fro pleasure and relaxaton and not for any conceived health benefit.
  7. When Not to Drink
    • Alcohol slows down your reactions
    • Alcohol does not mix with some medications
    • Alcohol should be avoided by pregnant women, those planning to conceive, and those with a history of mental illness or addiction
  8. How is alcohol metabolized?
    • Absorbed into bloodstream through stomach and small intestines
    • Food slows down the rate of absorption
    • Body cannot store alcohol so it must be broken down -- mainly by the liver
    • On average, the body breaks down alcohol at roughly one standard drink (10g) per hour
    • When alcohol is broken down it produces a toxin called acetaldehyde
  9. Names risks that increase due to heavy drinking on a regular basis
    • Alcoholism
    • Impotence
    • Cirrhosis of the liver
    • Cardiac arrest and stroke
    • Pancreatitis
    • Ulcers
    • Cancer of the digestive tract and breast
  10. How does eating food effect alcohol consumption?
    • Alcohol enters your bloodstream slower and stays in your system longer
    • Drinking water lessens hangovers but does not reduce damage

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