Japanese Cinema - Midterm

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Japanese Cinema - Midterm
2014-10-12 22:26:56
FEA CSULB James Moran

Japanese Cinema Midterm
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  1. kyuha
    Old school, meaning kabuki, and used in opposition to shimpa ("new school")
  2. shimpa
    "New school," in opposition to the "old school" of kabuki
  3. kagezerifu
    "shadow dialogue"; an earlier kind of film narration, later transformed by the benshi.
  4. kokusaku-eiga
    national-policy films
  5. keiko-eiga
    films with definite (usually leftist) political aims, sometimes loosely translated as "tendency films".
  6. suji
    plot or story, narrative, sequence
  7. kowairo
    the live "dubbing" of lines with full emotional emphasis-"voice-coloring"-used in early film presentations.
  8. shingeki
    new theater, comparable to that in western countries.
  9. oyama
    male actresses
  10. tateyuki
    • standing role
    • male lead often macho
  11. shinkokugeki
    • new national drama
    • an off shoot of shingeki and mainly concerned with historical drama
  12. shomingeki
    • films about the lower middle classes, the little people
    • more strictly, serio-comedy about the salaried classes
    • aka shoshimingeki
  13. benshi's duties
    • Providing explanations or context before screenings
    • Educated audience
    • Eventually narrated screenings
    • Created links between clips to make film programs longer or comprehensible
    • Acted out dialogue using a variety of voices and voice-coloring
    • Tweak film narrative
  14. 1923 Kanto Earthquake Impact
    • Greater than 100,000 deaths
    • Official closure of feudal Japan
    • Many Tokyo production companies were destroyed
    • Many silent films were lost
    • Accelerated the division of film production
    • Tokyo became the center of gendaigeki productions
    • Kyoto became center of jidaigeki productions

    • Post Earthquake Impact
    • More open to foreign films
    • Start of kamata style (1920)
    • Use of female actresses
  15. Kaeriyama Norimasa Contributions
    • Key figure in development of cinema
    • Criticized state of japan's cinema
    • Advocate for screenplay
    • Introduced the term "eiga" to mean film/cinema
  16. Reorganization of Film Industry for War by Government
    • Film law of 1939
    • Modeled after Nazi Film Law
    • Cannot show military, royal family, government, and kissing
    • 2 genres (bungei-eiga and jun-bungaku) emerged to avoid censorship

    • Japan in Total War
    • Reorganization of studio
    • Themes of sacrifice and imperial family system
    • Film theaters were used as propaganda¬†
    • Foreign films were banned, except Nazi films and Italian expressionism
    • Raw stock was monitored¬†
    • Dissenting filmmakers were imprisoned
    • Emergence of kaokusaku-eiga
  17. SCAP Rules
    • Anything infused with Militarism, revenge, nationalism, or anti-foreign sentiment;
    • Distortion of history;
    • Approval of religious or racial discrimination;
    • Partiality toward or approval of feudal loyalty;
    • Excessively light treatment of human life;
    • Direct or indirect approval of suicide;
    • Approval of the oppression or degradation of wives;
    • Admiration of cruelty or unjust violence;
    • Anti-democratic opinion;
    • Exploitation of children;
    • Opposition to the Potsdam Declaration or any SCAP order