SOCY 151- Chapter 8

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  1. allow little change in social position (caste systems)
    Closed systems
  2. permit more social mobility (class systems)
    Open systems
  3. marriage that takes place within a social category
  4. racial caste system that is no longer legal
  5. includes a persons' knowledge, abilities, and efforts; what stratification is also based on
  6. church leaders in France and other European countries, had a great deal of power to shape political events
    First Estate
  7. heredity nobility that made up less than 5% of people in France and other European countries
    Second Estate
  8. commoners or serfs in France and other European countries
    Third Estate
  9. aristocrats devised a law stating all property was to be passed to the oldest son or other male relation
  10. russian term meaning reconstructing
  11. a system Karl Marx thought would happen, a system that would meet the needs of all rather than the needs of an elite few
    Socialist System
  12. economic inequality
    Class position
  13. social prestige
  14. sometimes called "blue bloods" or simply "society", includes less than 1% of the population. Membership is almost always the result of birth
    Upper-Upper Class
  15. include richest people of the world; 3 to 4 percent of U.S. population. "working rich" who get their money mostly by earning rather than inheriting
    Lower-Upper Class
  16. above average income ranging from $116,000 to $205,000. Live in a comfortable home in a fairly expensive neighborhood
    Upper-Middle Class
  17. center of the U.S. class structure. Typically work less prestigious white-collar jobs or in highly skilled blue collar jobs. Income falls between $48,500 and $116,000
    Average Middle Class
  18. sometimes called the working class. Hold blue-collar jobs and their income is between $27,000 and $48,500 a year. They make up 1/3 of the U.S population
    Lower-Middle Class
  19. 20% of the U.S. population. Work low-prestige jobs that provide little satisfaction and minimal income
    Lower Class
  20. changing jobs at the same class level
    Horizontal social mobility
  21. a lower class subculture that can destroy people's ambitions to improve their lives
    Culture of Poverty
  22. Saying that victims are responsible for their own suffering
    Blaming the Victim`
  23. a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy
    Social Stratification
  24. a change in position within the social hierarchy
    Social Mobility
  25. social stratification based on ascription, or birth
    Caste System
  26. social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement
    Class system
  27. social stratification based on personal merit
  28. the degreed of uniformity in a person's social standing across various dimensions of social inequality
    Status Consistency
  29. A shift in the social position of large numbers of people due more to changes in society itself than to individual efforts
    Structural-social mobility
  30. cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements, including patterns of inequality
  31. the functional analysis claiming that social stratification has been beneficial consequences for the operation of society
    Davis-Moore Theory
  32. people who own and operate factories and other businesses in pursuit of profit
  33. people who sell their labor for wages
  34. the experience of isolation and misery resulting from powerlessness
  35. lower-prestige jobs that involve mostly manual labor
    blue-collar occupations
  36. higher-prestige jobs that involve mostly mental activity
    white-collar occupations
  37. a composite ranking based on various dimensions of social inequality
    socioeconomic status (SES)
  38. buying and using products because of the "statement" they make about social position
    conspicuous consumption
  39. earnings from work or investments
  40. the total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts
  41. a change in social position occurring during a person's lifetime
    Intragenerational social mobility
  42. upward or downward social mobility of children in relation to their parents
    Intergenerational Social Mobility
  43. the lack of resources of some people in relation to those who have more
    relative poverty
  44. a lack of resources that is life-threatening
    absolute poverty
  45. the trend of women making up an increasing proportion of the poor
    Feminization of poverty
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SOCY 151- Chapter 8
2014-10-15 19:20:29
SOCY 151 Chapter

SOCY 151- Chapter 8
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