psychopathology Multiple Choice

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psychopathology Multiple Choice
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2010-08-04 10:48:36
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Psychopathology II Final
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  1. 1. Personality Disorder NOS best describes an individual who:
    A. Has two personality disorders
    B. Doesn’t show any symptoms of personality disorders
    C. Personality symptoms can be explained by a GMC
    D. Doesn’t meet the requirement for any specific personality disorder, but show signs of more than one personality disorder
    Doesn’t meet the requirement for any specific personality disorder, but show signs of more than one personality disorder
  2. Which of these is not a type of Narcissism? (Millon p.337)
    A. Elitist
    B. Amorous
    C. Arrogant
    D. Compensatory
    Arrogant
  3. Dyspareunia requires which of following? (DSM p. 556)
    A. Marked distress
    B. Can only occur in males
    C. Must be due to a GMC
    D. Dyspareunia only requires one episode of pain symptoms
    Marked distress
  4. Sexual pain when using a substance would result in which diagnosis (DSM p.565)
    A. No diagnosis
    B. Substance- Induced Sexual Dysfunction
    C. Substance Abuse
    D. Sexual Dysfunction Not Otherwise Specified
    Substance- Induced Sexual Dysfunction
  5. Exhibitionism must last for how long to be diagnosable (DSM, p.569)
    A. 6 months
    B. 20 weeks
    C. 1 year
    D. None of the above
    6 months
  6. Pedophilia does not have which of these specifiers (DSM, p.572)
    A. Attracted to Males
    B. Attracted to Females
    C. Limited to Incest
    D. Unlimited Attraction
    Unlimited Attraction
  7. Gender Identity Disorder NOS can include which of the following (DSM, p.582)
    A. Intersex conditions
    B. Transient, stress-related cross-dressing
    C. Persistent preoccupation with castration or penectomy without desires to acquire the sex characteristics of the other sex
    D. All of the above
    • Intersex conditions
    • Transient, stress-related cross-dressing
    • Persistent preoccupation with castration or penectomy without desires to acquire the sex characteristics of the other sex
  8. An Individual who is reluctant to confide in others because of unwarranted fear that the information will be used maliciously against him or her would describe one of the criterion for which disorder (Maxmen, p.551)
    A. Gender Identity Disorder
    B. Paranoid Personality Disorder
    C. No diagnosis
    D. Personality Disorder NOS
    Paranoid Personality Disorder
  9. Histrionic Personality Disorder is prevalent in about what percentage of the inpatient and outpatient psychiatric populations? (Maxmen, p.557)
    A. 25-30%
    B. 2-3%
    C. 10-15%
    D. 5-10%
    10-15%
  10. Which of these is not a difference between Schizoid and Schizotypal personality disorders? (Maxmen, p. 555)
    A. Schizotypals are less likely to display bizarre and peculiar triats
    B. Schizotypals develop fanatic, eccentric, or racist beliefs
    C. Schizotypals become transiently psychotic under stress
    D. Schizotypals evolve into Schizophrenics
    Schizotypals are less likely to display bizarre and peculiar triats
  11. Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is a pattern of preoccupation with all of the following EXCEPT:
    A) Orderliness
    B) perfectionism
    C) control
    D) viewpoints of others
    viewpoints of others
  12. Individuals with paranoid personality disorder are reluctant to confide in others because they fear:
    A) They will be physically harmed
    B) Information shared will be used against them
    C) The person will stop liking them
    D) They will not be interesting anymore
    Information shared will be used against them
  13. Borderline personality disorder is about _______ times more common among first-degree biological relatives of those with the disorder than in the general population.
    A) five
    B) Ten
    C) twenty
    D) One
    five
  14. A person with histrionic personality disorder feels uncomfortable and unappreciated when they are not:
    A) Romantically involved
    B) Complimented
    C) The center of attention
    D) Occupied with work
    The center of attention
  15. A Diagnostic criteria for Narcissistic Personality Disorder is when the person lacks:
    A) Self control
    B) Empathy
    C) Sense of entitlement
    D) Pride
    Empathy
  16. Dyspareunia is a type of
    A) Sexual pain disorder
    B) Male Orgasmic disorder
    C) Sexual dysfunction due to a general medical condition
    D) Substance induced sexual dysfunction
    Sexual Pain Disorder
  17. Intense sexually arousing fantasies involving an inanimate object is called
    A) Frotteurism
    B) Pedophilia
    C) Fetishism
    D) Sexual Masochism
    Fetishism
  18. Conversion symptoms are related to voluntary motor or sensory functioning and are thus referred to as:
    A) Pseudoneurological
    B) Paralysis
    C) Physiological mechanisms
    D) Conversion disorder
    pseudoneurological
  19. The prevalence of hypochondriasis in the general population is:
    A) 6-9%
    B) 8-10%
    C) 1-5%
    D) 12-14%
    1-5%
  20. Body Dysmorphic Disorder is:
    A) More common in men
    B) More common in women
    C) Equally common in both men and women
    D) Not prevalent in American culture
    Equally common in men and women
  21. Wakefield (2006) states that a mental disorder is a psychological or behavioral condition if it:
    a. Is negative or harmful based on cultural norms.
    b. Is caused by some kind of failed psychological mechanism.
    c. Causes distress.
    d. Both A and B.
    • Is negative or harmful based on cultural norms.
    • Is caused by some kind of failed psychological mechanism
  22. How would Wakefield (2006) explain the cultural deviance requirement (CDR):
    a. The diagnosis must deviate from cultural expectations.
    b. The experiences and behaviors must deviate from cultural expectations.
    c. The lifestyle must deviate from cultural expectations.
    d. The personality must deviate from cultural expectations.
    The experiences and behaviors must deviate from cultural expectations.
  23. Wakefield (2006) would argue that the largest contributing factor in the cause of personality development is:
    a. Family structure.
    b. Media.
    c. Culture
    d. None of the above.
    Culture
  24. Clark (2005) identified three temperament dimensions of:
    a. Negative affectivity, positive affectivity and disinhibition.
    b. Negative affectivity, positive affectivity and inhibition.
    c. Negative affect, positive affect and self-consciousness.
    d. None of the above.
    Negative affectivity, positive affectivity and disinhibition.
  25. Clark (2005) proposes a more _____________ model for the DSM-V structure of disorders:
    a. Categorical
    b. Clinical
    c. Theoretical
    d. Dimensional
    Dimensional
  26. The sexual disorders are categorized as either __________ or ___________
    a. Abnormal, normal
    b. Situational, generalized
    c. Deviant, bizarre
    d. Female, male
    Situational, generalized
  27. The most frequent personality disorder diagnosed is:
    a. Personality Disorder Not Otherwise Specified
    b. Antisocial Personality Disorder
    c. Borderline Personality Disorder
    d. Paranoid Personality Disorder
    Personality Disorder Not Otherwise Specified
  28. In order to qualify for a diagnosis of paraphilia the client must exhibit symptoms that are intense and recurrent over a period of :
    a. 1 year
    b. 3 months
    c. 6 months
    d. There is no required period of time
    6 months
  29. To receive a diagnosis of pedophilia, the offender must be at least how old?
    a. 16 years old
    b. 18 years old
    c. It does not specify
    d. 13 years old
    16 years old
  30. Research has indicated that antisocial and _____________ personalities are gender related variants of the same underlying genetic diathesis.
    a. Borderline
    b. Narcissistic
    c. Histrionic
    d. Dependent
    histrionic
  31. Which Personality Disorder is not a part of the Cluster B disorders?
    a. Borderline
    b. Avoidant
    c. Histrionic
    d. Antisocial
    Avoidant
  32. According to the DSM, the prevalence rate of Antisocial Personality Disorder is:
    a. 3% females and 1% males
    b. <1% both males and females
    c. 2% females and 4% males
    d. 1% females and 3% males
    1% females and 3% males
  33. The personality disorder characterized by the pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affect is:
    a. Histrionic
    b. Narcissistic
    c. Borderline
    d. Dependent
    Borderline
  34. Narcissistic personality disorder has difficulty with interpersonal relationships because of:
    a. Entitlement issues
    b. Constant need for admiration
    c. Disregard for the sensitivity of others
    d. All of the above
    • Entitlement issues
    • Constant need for admiration
    • Disregard for the sensitivity of others
  35. What are examples of personality disorder NOS?
    a. Depressive personality
    b. Passive-aggressive
    c. Anxious personality
    d. A & B
    • Depressive personality
    • Passive-aggressive
  36. People who suffer from hypoactive sexual desire may also suffer from:
    a. Medical conditions
    b. Mood disorders
    c. Personality disorders
    d. A & B
    • Medical conditions
    • Mood disorders
  37. Pedophilia is often comorbid with which disorders?
    a. Psychotic disorders
    b. Mood disorders
    c. Anxiety disorders
    d. B & C
    • Mood disorders
    • Anxiety disorders
  38. To diagnose an individual under 18 years old with a personality disorder, the features must be:
    a. Present for 6 months
    b. Present for 1 year
    c. Present for 5 years
    d. None of the above
    Present for 1 year
  39. Which personality disorders tend to remit with age?
    a. Borderline and Antisocial
    b. Obsessive-compulsive and Borderline
    c. Antisocial and Schizotypal
    d. None remit with age
    Borderline and Antisocial
  40. The subtypes of sexual dysfunction disorders include:
    a. Lifelong type
    b. Acquired type
    c. Generalized type
    d. Situational type
    e. All of the above
    • Lifelong type
    • Acquired type
    • Generalized typed.
    • Situational type
  41. Personality traits turn into personality disorders when they (Maxmen, p. 547):
    a. Become inflexible
    b. Become maladaptive
    c. Cause significant social and occupational impairment
    d. All of the above
    • Become inflexible
    • Become maladaptive
    • Cause significant social and occupational impairment
  42. Personality Disorders are listed on which Axis? (Maxmen p 548):
    a. Axis I
    b. Axis II
    c. Axis III
    d. Axis IV
    Axis II
  43. Cluster B is made up of which personality disorder (Maxmen, p. 550):
    a. Avoidant
    b. Antisocial
    c. Paranoid
    d. Obsessive-compulsive
    Antisocial
  44. An individual who almost always chooses solitary activities and appears indifferent to praise or criticism would most likely be diagnosed with which personality disorder (Millon, p 373):
    a. Antisocial
    b. Paranoid
    c. Narcissistic
    d. Schizoid
    Schizoid
  45. Which is variation of Schizoid Personality Disorder (Million, p. 409):
    a. Depersonalized
    b. Timorous
    c. Languid
    d. Affectless
    Timorous
  46. The ultimate goal of therapy with an antisocial individual is (Million, p. 183):
    a. To teach them to feel remorse
    b. Explore their childhood
    c. Teach social skills
    d. Develop a sense of nurturing attachment
    Develop a sense of nurturing attachment
  47. The essential feature of Sexual Aversion Disorder is (DSM-IV-TR, p. 541):
    a. Active avoidance of genital sexual contact with sexual partner
    b. Persistent delay or absence of organism following normal sexual excitement phase
    c. Persistent or recurrent inability to attain or maintain an adequate erection
    d. Persistent or recurrently deficient sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity
    Active avoidance of genital sexual contact with sexual partner
  48. The diagnostic criteria for Obsessive-compulsive Personality disorder does not involve (DSM, p. 729):
    a. Rigidity and stubbornness
    b. Inability to discard worn-out or worthless objects
    c. A miserly spending style toward self and others
    d. Difficulty making decisions
    Difficulty making decisions
  49. A personality disorder should only be diagnosed if (DSM, p. 686):
    a. The traits begin in late adulthood
    b. Traits are typical of individuals short-term functioning
    c. Defining characteristics do no occur exclusively during an Axis I disorder
    d. All of the above
    Defining characteristics do no occur exclusively during an Axis I disorder
  50. The prevalence of Narcissistic Personality Disorder in the clinical population ranges from (DSM, p. 717):a. 1-5%
    a. 1-5%
    b. 15-18%
    c. 2-16%
    d. none of the above
    2-16%
  51. A Personality Disorder with a pattern of submissive and clinging behavior related to an excessive need to be taken care of, is consistent with:
    A. Borderline Personality Disorder
    B. Avoidant Personality Disorder
    C. Dependent Personality Disorder
    D. Histrionic Personality Disorder
    Dependent Personality Disorder (DSM, p. 685)
  52. Individuals diagnosed with a Personality Disorder in which they are characterized as dramatic, emotional or erratic f, is consistent with:
    A. Cluster A
    B. Cluster B
    C. Cluster C
    D. Personality Disorder NOS
    Cluster B(DSM, p. 685)
  53. Personality disorders are _______ coded on Axis I and are _______ coded on Axis II.
    A. Always, Never
    B. Sometimes, Always
    C. Never, Never
    D. Never, Always
    Never, Always (DSM, p. 687)
  54. Which of the following is not an area in which a pattern of behavior manifests itself as a result of a Personality Disorder:
    A. Impulse Control
    B. Cognition
    C. Intense relationships
    D. Interpersonal functioning
    Intense relationships (DSM, p. 687)
  55. Antisocial Personality Disorder typically emerges in:
    A. Adolescence for boys and early childhood for girls
    B. Early childhood for both sexes
    C. Adolescence for both sexes
    D. Early childhood for boys and adolescence for girls
    D. Early childhood for boys and adolescence for girls (Maxmen, p. 298)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. The most common failure in treating sexual dysfunctions is overlooking the presence of:
    A. Additional Mental Disorder, Quality of relationship and Drug Effect
    B. Medical Condition, Quality of relationship and Drug Effect
    C. Quality of Relationship, Additional Mental Disorder and Medical Condition
    D. Additional Mental Disorder, Medical Condition and Drug Effect
    Additional Mental Disorder, Medical Condition and Drug Effect (Maxmen, p. 461)
  57. The human Sexual response cycle includes all but:
    A. Desire
    B. Excitement
    C. Orgasm
    D. Restitution
    Restitution (Maxmen, p. 458)
  58. Dsypareunia and Vaginismus are types of:
    A. Sexual Desire Disorders
    B. Sexual Pain Disorders
    C. Sexual Arousal Disorders
    D. Orgasmic Disorders
    Sexual Pain Disorders (Maxmen, p. 459)
  59. A patient diagnosed with which of the following Personality Disorders is likely to call the therapist office incessantly asking for advices of clarification and regularly schedule extra appointments:
    A. Dependent
    B. Histrionic
    C. Narcissistic
    D. Avoidant
    Dependant (Maxmen, p. 577)
  60. Someone who can only become sexually aroused by woman’s underwear, is likely to suffer from:
    A. Frotteurism
    B. Fetishism
    C. Transvestic fetishism
    D. Voyeurism
    Fetishism (Maxmen, p. 464)
  61. A person’s gender identity is determined by :
    a. Anatomical sex
    b. Sexual orientation
    c. An individual’s feelings of their gender
    d. How the individual wishes to be seen by others (as either male or female)
    An individual’s feelings of their gender
  62. The Human Sexual Response Cycle occurs in which order?
    a. Excitement, Desire, Orgasm, Resolution.
    b. Resolution, Desire, Excitement, Orgasm
    c. Excitement, Arousal, Orgasm, Resolution
    d. Desire, Excitement, Orgasm, Resolution
    Desire, Excitement, Orgasm, Resolution
  63. When discussing the prevalence of Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD), which of the following is true?
    a. ASPD is more commonly diagnosed in women
    b. Approximately 5% of men in the general population meet the diagnostic criteria for ASPD
    c. ASPD is more prevalent in higher socioeconomic groups
    d. Of individuals with ASPD, 55% are alcoholics
    Approximately 5% of men in the general population meet the diagnostic criteria for ASPD
  64. In reference to Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), the term ‘borderline’ refers to what?
    a. Symptoms being ‘borderline’ neurotic and psychotic
    b. Symptoms being ‘borderline’ Schizophrenic
    c. Symptoms being ‘borderline’ bipolar
    d. Both A & B
    e. Both A & C
    • Symptoms being ‘borderline’ neurotic and psychotic
    • Symptoms being ‘borderline’ Schizophrenic
  65. Which of the following is NOT a variant of Antisocial Personality Disorder?
    a. Risk-Taking
    b. Nomadic
    c. Reputation-Defending
    d. Paranoid
    Paranoid
  66. Regarding levels of dependency between men & women, which of the following is true:
    a. Women report higher levels of dependency than men
    b. Men and women report the same levels of dependency
    c. Men and women show similar levels of dependency on projective measures
    d. Both A & C
    e. Both B & C
    • Women report higher levels of dependency than men
    • Men and women show similar levels of dependency on projective measures
  67. The three modes of relating to others according to Karen Horney are moving towards others, moving against others, and moving away from others. Of the three, which is indicative of an individual with Dependent Personality Disorder?
    a. Moving towards other
    b. Moving against others
    c. Moving away from others
    d. None of the above
    Moving towards other
  68. Of the listed Personality Disorders, which is most commonly associated with substance and alcohol abuse?
    a. Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder
    b. Narcissistic Personality Disorder
    c. Dependent Personality Disorder
    d. Schizoid Personality Disorder
    Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  69. Which of the following therapeutic approach is designed specifically to work with Borderline individuals?
    a. ECT
    b. CBT
    c. DBT
    d. XYZ
    DBT
  70. The personality disorders fall into 3 clusters (A, B, &C). Which of the following is NOT a cluster?
    a. Odd or eccentric
    b. Dramatic
    c. Anxious or fearful
    d. Psychotic
    Psychotic
  71. Interpersonally, people with Antisocial Personality Disorder:
    A. attempt to draw the attention of others onto them
    B. try to control those around them
    C. resist attempts to control them
    D. dislike competition
    E. both B and C
    • try to control those around them
    • resist attempts to control them
  72. According to Millon, all of the following are subtypes of the Avoidant personality except:
    A. Conflicted
    B. Hypersensitive
    C. Phobic
    D. Nomadic
    Hypersensitive
  73. Histrionic Personality Disorder often needs to be differentiated from all of the following Personality Disorders except:
    A. Avoidant
    B. Borderline
    C. Narcissistic
    D. Dependent
    Avoidant
  74. People with which Personality Disorder feel insecure due to a real or imagined shortcoming of their own, but blame the outside world for this shortcoming. They often feel that others are mistreating them or are trying to harm them.
    A. Dependent
    B. Narcissistic
    C. Avoidant
    D. Paranoid
    Dependent
  75. When diagnosing Avoidant Personality Disorder, one should always make sure that the client does not have which Axis I disorder:

    A. Major Depressive Disorder
    B. Social Phobia, Generalized Type
    C. Bipolar Disorder
    D. Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia
    E. both B and D
    • Social Phobia, Generalized Type
    • Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia
  76. “Flags” that a person may have Borderline Personality Disorder include all of the following except:
    A. persistent, intense fear that others are trying to harm them
    B. are well into their 20’s but are still unsure of their sexual orientation
    C. stress-related paranoia or dissociation
    D. burns, cuts, or otherwise harms herself/himself in order to feel “alive”
    persistent, intense fear that others are trying to harm them
  77. All of the following Personality Disorders are diagnosed more often in women except:
    A. Borderline
    B. Obsessive-Compulsive
    C. Histrionic
    D. Dependent
    Obsessive-Compulsive
  78. A man who recently began having trouble maintaining an erection when with his girlfriend, but has no trouble maintaining it when thinking about sex would be diagnosed with which pair of specifiers for Male Erectile Disorder:
    A. Lifelong, Situational
    B. Lifelong, Generalized
    C. Acquired, Situational
    D. Acquired, Generalized
    Acquired, Situational
  79. Which of the following Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders is undergoing drastic revision as a result of stigmatization resulting from its diagnosis:

    A. Male Erectile Disorder
    B. Vaginismus
    C. Gender Identity Disorder
    D. Male Orgasmic Disorder
    Gender Identity Disorder
  80. Interpersonally this Personality Disorder would appear to others to be apologetic, compliant, overly gracious, and lacking in self-confidence:

    A. Avoidant
    B. Dependent
    C. Borderline
    D. Obsessive-Compulsive
    Dependent

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