ARC 2 Quiz 4

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Author:
tigre671
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285752
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ARC 2 Quiz 4
Updated:
2014-10-15 09:46:29
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ARC
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ARC 2 Quiz 4. Handouts 9-10
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  1. Tenochtitlan
    • Mexico City Founded 1325
    • -Spanish arrive in 1519
    • -City built on water, had canals like Vennice
    • -City of 100,000
    • -Largest city in Americas
    • -Floating gardens
    • -Eagle eating a snake on a cactus on a lake story
    • -Hernan Cortez was impressed with the order and cleanliness of the city
  2. Temple Mayor
    • Mexico City (Tenochtitlan), 1325
    • -2 Temple on top: Sun and moon
    • -Temple as mountain
    • -Built in 7 stages/layers
    • -Sacrifices took place here. They were used as a political tool. Many enemies were sacrificed
    • -Story of Goddess of serpent skirt cleaning and god of war falling from sky and impregnating her with his feathers
  3. Machu Piccu
    • Peru, 12th-15th C
    • -Name means "The Old Peak"
    • -Discovered in 1911. Spanish invaders never knew about it
    • -Site use is unknown but thought to be religious, even though Incas did not hold many religious ceremonies
    • -Could not have supported more than 300 people
    • -Impressive terracing for agricultural purposes. May have been an agricultural lab. It had the advantage of spanning through a few micro-climates.
    • -Incas planted large crop varieties here, over 3,000 potato species here alone
  4. Sun Temple
    • Machu Picchu, 12th-15th C
    • -Featured the only curving wall in Machu Picchu
    • -Skeletal remains found here
    • -Has window openings that use solar orientation
  5. Feng Shui
    • -Wind and water
    • -A design philosophy based on harmony in nature
    • -Use of color, shapes, and building orientation to not interrupt natural flow
    • -Buildings face south
  6. Pagoda
    • A form of stupa found in Japan and China that had multiple stories
  7. Forbidden City
    • Peking, Bejing, 15th C
    • -Imperial capital
    • -Made of wood and burnt down a few times, first was 1 year after its initial construction
    • -Had large pots of water laid out through it to put out fires
    • -2,000 workmen to complete
    • -24 emperors lived here
    • -Was ruler's home for over 500 years
    • -Average citizens were not allowed in and those who lived inside were not allowed out
    • -30 foot walls and moats protected it
    • -9 was a symbolic number. Also 9,999 rooms in the city
    • -Major buildings were on a north/south axis
    • -3 major palaces in center
    • -Entrance: the gate of heavenly peace
    • -The golden river was a small river which was inside the city, had 5 bridges to cross it
  8. Hall of Supreme Harmony
    • Forbidden City, Peking, Bejing, 15th C.
    • -Raised on 3 terraces
    • -Roof was yellow, the imperial color
    • -Had dragon and phoenix decorations
    • -Was at the center of the forbidden city
  9. Hall of Prayers for Good Harvest
    • Peking, Bejing, 1420
    • -3 levels
    • -Black roof
    • -Elaborate ceilings and interior
    • -Columns inside represent the seasons, months, and hours of the day
  10. Toril
    • Ceremonial gate to shrine
  11. Tatami
    • A type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms. Traditionally made of rice straw to form the core
  12. Japanese Gardens
    • Zen: Sand Gardens, minimalistic
    • Landscape: Represented the world in miniature
  13. Royan-ji Temple
    • Kyoto, Japan, 1480
    • -Zen sand garden
    • -Part of a large monastery
    • -15 Rocks, cannot see them all no matter where you sit. Helps perspective
    • -Benches on 2 sides
    • -Size of a tennis court
    • -Place of contemplation
  14. Katsura Palace
    • Kyoto, Japan, 1616. Kobori Enshu
    • -Tea ceremony House
    • -16 acre site
    • -Rural villa with a large surrounding fence
    • -Designed by a tea master
    • -Tries to replicate nature
    • -Walls of paper screen allow for interior flexibility
  15. Shokin-Tei
    • Inside Katsura Palace
    • -A tea house in Katsura palace gardens
    • -Represents nature and is used for meditation
    • -Designed to be walked through

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