Serous membrane that lines abdomino-pelvic wall is the
Parietal serous membrane
Serous membrane that lines any internal organ in the abdomino-pelvic cavity is a
Visceral serous membrane
Kidneys are retro-peritoneal, by this is understood that
Kidneys are located behind the peritoneal serous membrane
Mesentery that holds the ovaries in place is the:
What happens when bacteria goes into the abdomino-pelvic cavity (gunshot, stab, etc.)
cavities between serous membranes will always be:
a double layer of peritoneum that tethers the movable digestive organs to the body wall
what structures (organs) are found in the thoracic cavity: hint*** there are 2 organs
Lungs & heart
What's the pericardial sac
a double-walled sac containing the heart and the roots of the great vessels
The heart is surrounded by two membranes:
Visceral pericardium & Parietal pericardium
The lungs are surrounded by two membranes:
Visceral pleura & parietal pleura
Epithelium that lines any tube that has 2 exits to the outside of the body CANNOT be
Endothelium or Mesothelium
is what moves everything in only one direction.
What is the function of the skeletal system
Support and protect
What are the 2 structures in the human body that are completely surrounded by bone:
Brain & Spinal cord
when a living organism moves from one place to another.
Localized motion is:
When parts of an organism move without going anywhere.
The skeletal system is responsible for:
the production of blood cells and platelets, which occurs in the bone marrow.
What's the most common substance in the blood
Calcium goes into the bloodstream when released from bones as:
Ca++ (Calcium ions)
When the calcium levels on the bloodstream are low, it is known as
a condition in which the calcium level in your blood is above normal. It weaken your bones, create kidney stones, and interfere with the way your heart and brain works. Results from overactive parathyroid glands.
When clinical term ends in emia, it's a condition related to
Calcium is stored in bones as
Two type of cells that must have certain levels of calcium:
Muscle & nerve cells
What shapes the bones:
The ground substance
Give an example of long bone:
Humerus, Femur, etc.
Give an example of an irregular bone
An example of a sesamoid bone is:
A Wormian bone is found in
The sutures in the skull as an extra little bone.
Give an example of a flat bone
What's a Diarthrosis
a freely movable joint—called also synovial joint.
When the articular cartilage(cartilage of the joint) wears and bone rubs with bone, creating inflamation.
The outter dense layer of vascular connective tissue that surrounds the bones
Interosseus ligament is
Dense fibrous connective tissue that connects 2 bones and keeps them in place
Red Marrow is
the hematopoiotic area in the skeletal system
Synovial membrane is:
the tissue that lines the joint capsule and derives from mesoderm.
Rheumathoid artitis occurs when
Synovial membrane degenerates
What type of joint is a Synarthrosis joint
immovable like the mature skull
What typ of joint is a amphiarthrosis
Slightly movable joint
What type of joint is a diarthrosis joint
Freely movable joint
What's a Fibrous joint
Fibrous joints are connections between bones that are held together by connective tissue that includes many collagen fibres and permit little or no movement
What are cartilagenous joint
There is a piece of cartilage between the bones which hold the bones together and makes a joint: Bone-cartilage-bone. Symphisis pubis and intervertebral discs are cartilagenous joints.
There are 2 types of sutures:
- Mature= immovable
- Immature= slightly movable, due to fibrous connective tissue.
The point just above the ankle where these two bones meet is called the syndesmosis.
Osteoblasts are __________in origin
The ground substance of bone is
on bone formation, when osteoblasts come together, they Synthesize:
Collagen and they also separate.
What must the bone have in order to maintain osteocytes alive:
There have to be pathways in the bone in order to bring__________ __________ and _________ to the osteocytes.