Opens with the main theme (subject), which then sounds successively in each voice in imitation; when each voice has entered the
exposition is complete
A different melodic idea that accompanies a fugue subject
The subject is imitated before it is completed, once voice tries to catch another
the pitches are presented upside down
The pitches are presented in reverse order and upside down
a staged play that is sung
Action, moves plot – style of delivery in which the singer is allowed to adopt the rhythms of ordinary speech
Secco recitative, Accompanied recitative
Is at one end of the spectrum recitativo accompaniment (orchestra
… dry, accompanied by harp)
A song for solo voice
and orchestra, used to express the emotional state of characters
da capo aria
Sung by a soloist with the accompaniment of instruments, often a small orchestra
Who is henry purcell?
Composer of “young persons guide” and “dido and arenas”
English organist, baroque composer of secular and sacred music
What is the plot of Dido and Aeneas?
An opera in a
prologue and three acts by the English Baroque composer Henry Purcell to a libretto by Nahum Tate recounts the love story of Dido, Queen of Carthage falls in love w/ the Trojan hero Aeneas, and her despair at his abandonment.
What is the ground bass?
Musical idea-repeated over (subjected) while others melody above it changes. Easiest to
recognize a long phrase is repeated over and over again in the bass part, while
the upper parts proceed normally [with variation]
What is meant by the term “affection” in the Baroque period?
Songs to make you feel sad, etc; When a soloist in an opera sings a song (an aria) the aria
is in a particular mood There were several “affections” or moods: there were
arias about revenge, jealousy, anger, love, despair, peaceful happiness etc.
What specific “affection” is used in the ground bass of Purcell’s “When I am laid”
and what is its meaning?
Sad, solemn, depressing-leads to her suicide after he leaves.
What was the most common topic for opera plots in the Baroque Period?