Nclex cramsheet

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Author:
lrnino
ID:
285864
Filename:
Nclex cramsheet
Updated:
2014-10-15 15:06:20
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nclex
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nclex
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  1. What is normal PT
    10-12 seconds
  2. What is normal PTT
    30-45 seconds
  3. What is the renal diet?
    high: calorie, carb

    low: protein, potassium, fluid
  4. You increase sodium with Addison's or Cushing's?
    ADDison's.
  5. Decrease sodium with Addison's or Cushing's?
    Cushing's
  6. Hip and femur fx; which is at risk for hemorrhage and which is fat emobli?
    Hip = hemorrhage

    Femus = fat
  7. Remember that sodium and potassium is inversely proportional? ADDison's - add sodium because their Na is low. everything else is low except potassium (inverse). Now everything is opposite with Cushing's.
    k.
  8. Better perfusion? Elevate veins, dangle arteries.
    k.
  9. What are the airborne precaution diseases?
    MTV

    • Measles
    • TB
    • Varicella
  10. What are the contact precaution diseases?
    MRS WEE

    • M - multidrug resistant organism
    • R - respiratory infection
    • S - skin infections *
    • W - wound infxn
    • E - enteric infxn - clostridium difficile
    • E - eye infxn - conjunctivitis

    • Skin infxn
    • VCHIPS
    • V - varicella zoster
    • C - cutaneous diphtheria
    • H - herpez simplex
    • I - impetigo
    • P - pediculosis
    • S - scabies
  11. What are the droplet precaution diseases?
    Anything that can fit in SPIDERMAN. Everything else is MRS WEE (contact) and MTV (airborne).
  12. Why would you position a pt on the right side?
    empty stomach
  13. What position after lumbar pucture?
    supine
  14. What position for Buck's traction?
    elevate foot of bed to counter traction
  15. Position to prevent dumping syndrome?
    Eat reclining; lie down after.
  16. Hypothyroidism - everything is slowed down - colder atoms mean slow movement - sensitive to cold - dry skin and hair.
    k.
  17. Hyperthyroidism - everything is hyped up - heat makes particles move faster - sensitive to heat - skin fine/soft hair.
    k.

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