Table 4-1. Some common functional classes of enzymes
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What is the general term for enzymes that catalyze a hydrolytic cleavage reaction?
What does a nuclease do?
What does a protease do?
Breaks down nucleic acids.
Breaks down proteins by hydrolyzing the peptide bonds between amino acids.
What does a ligase do? What does it do to dna?
What catalyzes the rearrangement of bonds within a single molecule?
What does polymerase do?
What catalyzes the addition of phosphate groups to molecules?
Joins two molecules together. It joins two dna molecules together end-to-end.
Polymerizes reactions such as the synthesis of Dna and Rna.
What catalyzes the hydrolytic removal of a phosphate group from a molecule?
What is the name of the enzyme that catalyzes reactions in which one molecule is oxidized while the other is reduced?
What does atpase do?
Hydrolyzes atp. Present in myosin or sodium pumps (in proteins)
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