Medical Terminology 1 chapter 3

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Medical Terminology 1 chapter 3
2014-10-15 19:53:28
Chapter 3
medical terminology
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  1. (LLQ) Left lower quadrant
    contains parts of the small and large intestines, left ovary, left Fallopian tube, left urether
  2. (LUQ) Left upper quadrant
    Contains the liver stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines.
  3. Musculoskeletal system
    Muscle, bones, and joints
  4. Nerve cell
    (Neurons) cells that are specialized to send informations (nerves impulse) around the body (electrical Chemicals)
  5. Nervous system
    Brain, spinal cord, nerves,, and collection of nerves
  6. Peritoneum
    Double layers membrane which surround your abdominal cavity
  7. pharyx
  8. Pituitary gland
    Endocrine gland at the base of the brain
  9. Prone
    lying on the belly
  10. respiratory system
    nose, pharynx, larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchial, tubes lungs
  11. reproductive system
    • Male: testes, and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland.
    • Female:Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands
  12. (RLQ) right lower quadrant
    contains parts of the small and large intestines, right ovary, right fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter
  13. (RUQ) right upper quadrant
    contains the liver, gallbladder, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines
  14. sacrum
    five bones (S1 to S5) are fused to from one bone
  15. sagittal (lateral)
    vertical lane dividing the body into right and left sides
  16. skin system (intergumentary system)
    skin, nails, sweatglands, and sebaceous glands, eyes, ears, nose and tongue.
  17. slipped disk
    when the disk move out of place (herniate) and put pressure on a nerve
  18. spinal
    Nerves of the spinal cord
  19. spinal cavity
    space between the spinal column (backbones) containing the spinal cord also called spinal canal
  20. spinal column
    bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity
  21. spinal cord
    nervous tissue within the spinal cavity
  22. superficial
    on the surface
  23. superior
    pertaining to high up. above another structure
  24. superior (cephalic)
    pertaining to the head
  25. supine
    face up, laying on your back
  26. thoracic
    pertaining to the chest
  27. thoracic cavity
    lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, aorta
  28. thyroid gland
    endocrine gland that surround the trachea in the neck
  29. ureter
    one of two tubes each leading from a single kidney to the urinary bladder
  30. urethra
    tube from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
  31. urinary system
    kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
  32. uterus
    cerix, (the womb)
  33. ventral
    pertaining to the front
  34. vertebra
    single back bone
  35. endoplasmic reticulum
    part of the cell where formation of protein occurs.
  36. catabolism
    the process by which food is burned to release energy
  37. metabolism
    sum of the chemical processes in a cell
  38. tansverse
    plane divides the body in to upper and lower portions
  39. L5-S1
    lumbar, Sacrum
  40. C1-C7
    cervicals 1 to 7
  41. T1-T12
    thoracic 1 to 12
  42. L1 to L5
    lumbar 1 to 5
  43. S1- S5
    sacral 1 to 5
  44. Planes of the body
    • Transverse
    • sagittal
    • frontal
  45. give the positional or directional term
    • superficial- on the surface of the body
    • supine- lying on the back
    • inferior- below another structure
    • lateral- pertaining to the side
    • medial- pertaining to the middle
    • prone- lying on the belly'
    • superior- above another structure
    • proximal-near the point of attachment to the trunk
    • deep- away from the surface of the body
    • distal- far form the point of attachment to the trunk