K9 Nutrition

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Author:
Kristenw
ID:
285927
Filename:
K9 Nutrition
Updated:
2014-10-21 21:43:43
Tags:
Nutrition
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Description:
K9 Lab Nutrition
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  1. Complete diet has to...
    • 1) Support life
    • 2) Allow for reproduction
  2. Support life and allow for reproduction
    Complete diet
  3. Supports life, allows for reproduction, and contains all nutrients required in proper proportions to each nutrient
    Balanced diet
  4. Dry food % moisture
    3-11%
  5. Semi-moist % moisture
    25-35%
  6. Moist % moisture
    70-83%
  7. Cost of feeding a pet per day or cost per year
    True cost of feeding
  8. What is a major source of calories in north america?
    Dry food
  9. Dry food is...
    • 1) Cost effective
    • 2) Convenient
    • 3) Easy to use
    • 4) Allows owner to leave food out without spoil
  10. Small breeds need..?
    ( 20 lbs or less) need 30% more calories
  11. Medium breeds need..?
    (20-75 lbs) need 30 calories per lb
  12. Large breeds need..?
    (75 lbs or over) 15% fewer calories
  13. Factors that influence amount of food
    • 1) Age
    • 2) Activity
    • 3) Temperature
    • 4) Body metabolism
  14. For each 10 degree drop in temperature dog needs..?
    7.5% more calories
  15. For each 10 degree increase in temperature dog needs..?
    7.5% less food
  16. Table scraps shouldn't exceed what % of diet?
    15%
  17. Dogs should receive __ times water as solid dry food?
    2 and one half
  18. how many grams in an oz?
    28.3
  19. How many oz in a lb?
    16 oz
  20. First 7-10 days of life newborn should __ birth weight?
    Double
  21. How much weight should a newborn gain each week during lactation?
    Its birth weight
  22. Normal growth rate is?
    2-4g/day/kg of anticipated adult weight
  23. Colostrum provides..?
    1) Fluid for vital postpartum circulatory expansion

    2) Maternal antibodies that must be taken within 24-48 hrs to be absorbed via digestive tract

    3) Energy and non energy producing components of nutrition in high quantities
  24. At tomball we feed?
    1/3 oz/lb
  25. How many times to feeds a 0-4 month old
    4 times/day
  26. How many times to feed 4-10 month old
    2-3 times/day
  27. How many times to feed 10 months old and beyond
    1 time/day
  28. Puppy Formula
    • 1 cup dry food
    • 1 cup canned food
    • 1 cup whole milk
    • 1 tsp pancake syrup
    • Put in blender and add water until a "frosty" milkshake consistency. Warm up before feeding, refrigerate leftovers.
  29. How many kg per lb?
    2.2
  30. For dry food a puppy needs?
    1 oz/lb/24 hrs
  31. For dry food a adult dog needs?
    0.5oz/lb/24 hrs
  32. For moist food dogs needs?
    1.5oz/lb/24 hours
  33. Orphan feeding formula
    1oz/g of body weight/24 hrs divided into 4 doses
  34. When do you introduce solid food to a pup?
    After they have learned to lap milk for 2 days, usually learned around 3 weeks of age
  35. Average cat needs to be fed?
    32-34 cal/lb of body weight/day
  36. Gives birth to multiple babies
    Polytocious
  37. What type of placenta to puppy and kitten enjoy?
    Zonary placenta
  38. 3 factors involved in development
    • 1) Genetics
    • 2) Nutrition
    • 3) Care and management
  39. When will a pregnant bitch reduce food intake and temperature change?
    24 hours before whelping, temperature drops 8 hrs before
  40. First bowel movement
    Meconium
  41. What do most newborns die from?
    Hypothermia
  42. Temperature guidelines for orphans
    • 1st week        90-85
    • 2nd week       85
    • 3rd week        80
    • 4th week        75-70
    • 5th week        70
  43. How to feed orphans
    • 1) Dont overfeed
    • 2) Make changes in food gradually
  44. Weaning the bitch
    • Dont feed on day of weaning
    • 2nd day- feed 1/4 normal
    • 3rd day- feed 1/2 normal
    • 4th day- feed 3/4 normal
    • 5th day- feed normal amount
  45. Regular dog food contains how much protein and calories?
    20% protein and 1600 digestible calories/lb of food
  46. High nutrient density food contains how much protein and calories?
    26% protein and 1750 digestible calories/lb of food
  47. What % of water loss can cause death?
    10%
  48. If feeding cat semi-moist how many times to feed a day?
    Twice
  49. If feeding cat canned food how many times to feed a day?
    2-3 times
  50. RER
    Resting energy requirements
  51. PN
    Parenteral nutrition
  52. What is in parenteral nutrition?
    Electrolytes, amino acids, lipds in a crystalloid suspension given 60 mL/kg/day
  53. No bowel movement
    Obstipation
  54. CRF
    Chronic renal failure
  55. Amount of protein to feed a growing dog
    26%
  56. Amount of protein to feed to maintain
    20%
  57. Amount of protein to feed dog with kidney disease
    17%
  58. Amount of protein to feed dog in renal failure
    12%
  59. CHF
    Congestive heart failure, common sign is "cardiac" cough which results from pulmonary edema. Feed reduced sodium diet.
  60. With gastrointestinal disease feed..?
    Carbohydrates, easily digestible
  61. Struvites
    Magnesium, ammonium, and phosphate
  62. What % of pets are overweight?
    44%
  63. Excessive accumulation of fat
    Obesity
  64. Animal that is 50% beyond normal weight
    Gross obesity
  65. Obesity due to excessive energy intake relative to body needs
    Physiologically obese
  66. Obesity which may be related to juvenile obesity
    Genetically obese
  67. 4 causes of obesity
    • 1) Physiological gluttony
    • 2) Behavioral
    • 3) Hormonal/genetic influence
    • 4) Sex alteration
  68. 2 common metabolic abnormalities
    • 1) Hypothyroidism 
    • 2) Hyperadrenocorticism
  69. Eating own poop
    Coprophagy, due to boredom
  70. Struvite urolithiasis
    c/d
  71. Adverse reactions to food
    d/d
  72. Older dogs kidney and heart disease
    g/d
  73. Gastrointestinal conditions, pancreatitis
    i/d
  74. Kidney failure and moderate heart disease
    k/d
  75. Liver disease, copper storage disease
    l/d
  76. Growth, recuperative conditions
    p/d
  77. Obesity and lymphangiectasia
    r/d
  78. Dissolution of struvite crystals
    s/d
  79. Urolithiasis, etc crystals
    u/d
  80. Diabetes mellitus, colitis, constipation
    w/d
  81. Hypothyroidism causes..?
    Polydipsia and polyphagia
  82. ACE
    Angiotensin conversion enzyme

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