Card Set Information
K9 Lab Nutrition
Complete diet has to...
1) Support life
2) Allow for reproduction
Support life and allow for reproduction
Supports life, allows for reproduction, and contains all nutrients required in proper proportions to each nutrient
Dry food % moisture
Semi-moist % moisture
Moist % moisture
Cost of feeding a pet per day or cost per year
True cost of feeding
What is a major source of calories in north america?
Dry food is...
1) Cost effective
3) Easy to use
4) Allows owner to leave food out without spoil
Small breeds need..?
( 20 lbs or less) need 30% more calories
Medium breeds need..?
(20-75 lbs) need 30 calories per lb
Large breeds need..?
(75 lbs or over) 15% fewer calories
Factors that influence amount of food
4) Body metabolism
For each 10 degree drop in temperature dog needs..?
7.5% more calories
For each 10 degree increase in temperature dog needs..?
7.5% less food
Table scraps shouldn't exceed what % of diet?
Dogs should receive __ times water as solid dry food?
2 and one half
how many grams in an oz?
How many oz in a lb?
First 7-10 days of life newborn should __ birth weight?
How much weight should a newborn gain each week during lactation?
Its birth weight
Normal growth rate is?
2-4g/day/kg of anticipated adult weight
1) Fluid for vital postpartum circulatory expansion
2) Maternal antibodies that must be taken within 24-48 hrs to be absorbed via digestive tract
3) Energy and non energy producing components of nutrition in high quantities
At tomball we feed?
How many times to feeds a 0-4 month old
How many times to feed 4-10 month old
How many times to feed 10 months old and beyond
1 cup dry food
1 cup canned food
1 cup whole milk
1 tsp pancake syrup
Put in blender and add water until a "frosty" milkshake consistency. Warm up before feeding, refrigerate leftovers.
How many kg per lb?
For dry food a puppy needs?
1 oz/lb/24 hrs
For dry food a adult dog needs?
For moist food dogs needs?
Orphan feeding formula
1oz/g of body weight/24 hrs divided into 4 doses
When do you introduce solid food to a pup?
After they have learned to lap milk for 2 days, usually learned around 3 weeks of age
Average cat needs to be fed?
32-34 cal/lb of body weight/day
Gives birth to multiple babies
What type of placenta to puppy and kitten enjoy?
3 factors involved in development
3) Care and management
When will a pregnant bitch reduce food intake and temperature change?
24 hours before whelping, temperature drops 8 hrs before
First bowel movement
What do most newborns die from?
Temperature guidelines for orphans
1st week 90-85
2nd week 85
3rd week 80
4th week 75-70
5th week 70
How to feed orphans
1) Dont overfeed
2) Make changes in food gradually
Weaning the bitch
Dont feed on day of weaning
2nd day- feed 1/4 normal
3rd day- feed 1/2 normal
4th day- feed 3/4 normal
5th day- feed normal amount
Regular dog food contains how much protein and calories?
20% protein and 1600 digestible calories/lb of food
High nutrient density food contains how much protein and calories?
26% protein and 1750 digestible calories/lb of food
What % of water loss can cause death?
If feeding cat semi-moist how many times to feed a day?
If feeding cat canned food how many times to feed a day?
Resting energy requirements
What is in parenteral nutrition?
Electrolytes, amino acids, lipds in a crystalloid suspension given 60 mL/kg/day
No bowel movement
Chronic renal failure
Amount of protein to feed a growing dog
Amount of protein to feed to maintain
Amount of protein to feed dog with kidney disease
Amount of protein to feed dog in renal failure
Congestive heart failure, common sign is "cardiac" cough which results from pulmonary edema. Feed reduced sodium diet.
With gastrointestinal disease feed..?
Carbohydrates, easily digestible
Magnesium, ammonium, and phosphate
What % of pets are overweight?
Excessive accumulation of fat
Animal that is 50% beyond normal weight
Obesity due to excessive energy intake relative to body needs
Obesity which may be related to juvenile obesity
4 causes of obesity
1) Physiological gluttony
3) Hormonal/genetic influence
4) Sex alteration
2 common metabolic abnormalities
Eating own poop
Coprophagy, due to boredom
Adverse reactions to food
Older dogs kidney and heart disease
Gastrointestinal conditions, pancreatitis
Kidney failure and moderate heart disease
Liver disease, copper storage disease
Growth, recuperative conditions
Obesity and lymphangiectasia
Dissolution of struvite crystals
Urolithiasis, etc crystals
Diabetes mellitus, colitis, constipation
Polydipsia and polyphagia
Angiotensin conversion enzyme