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3 steps for choosing your topic?
- consider the assignment
- consider your audience
- focus on your knowledge and interests
four topic strategies?
- word association
- mind mapping
3 steps in selecting your main points?
- consider your purpose
- take your audience into account
- select appropriate number
creating a hierarchy of points and supporting materials
deals with location, direction or geopgraphy
time based sequence, beginning to end
explains a cause and effect relationship
organized around similarities and differences
used in persuasive speeches, 3 main parts
has 2 main points and establishes the criteria that listener should use, then apply criteria to topic
speech organized as a story
use with diverse set of main points
word or phrase that connects an idea or speech part to another
words/phrases that aid in organization and direction
short list of ideas that will follow
a quick review of subpoints and mainpoints
- internal preview
- internal summary
elements of introduction?
- attention getter
- these statement
- statement of authority
- preview of main points
types of attention getters?
- tell a story
- present startling fact or idea
- build suspense
- highlight common ground
- use humor
- rhetorical question
elements of conclusion?
- summarizes main points
verbal delivery skills?
- verbal fillers/tics
nonverbal delivery skills?
- eye contact
- physical movement
- personal appearance
purpose of introduction?
- gain audiences attention
- signals the topic and purpose of speech
- conveys importance
- establishes credibility
- preview main points
purpose of conclusion?
sum up the message you developed in the body of your speech and leave a memorable impression
a thorough outline that you use to craft your speech, relatively detailed
a shorter outline that expresses your ideas in keywords or brief phrases rather than in complete sentences
analyzing your audience?
focus on your audience's demographics and any common ground between yourself and the audience
techniques to clarify your message?
- move from general to specific
- reduce the quantity of information you present
- make complex information seem familiar
- use presentation aids
- reiterate your message
- repeat your message