a reference to some literary, biographical, or historical event. It is usually used to illuminate an idea
a method of paragraph or idea organization where point-by-point treatment of two subjects is used in a comparison or contrast paragraph or paper
an extended comparison based on the similar feature of two unlike things; asserting that because two things are alike in some aspects, they may also be comparable in other ways as well.
EX. in comparing a human eye's tens to that of a camera,in the same way that one would compare bifocal glasses to the camera, one could also say it this way lens: camera::bifocals:eye
close examination of the basic parts of anything; writing, usually a work's us of words, sentences, and paragraphs, as well as meanings, unity, and substance
explaning a position where the opposition viewpoint is recognized and dealt with, presumably proving its fallacies(faults to logic)
refers to an author's intended reader or a particular group
when all the points about one category are presented together and the same points are presented for the next subtopic before a direct comparison or contrast is made.
a description of a person as vividly as possible, capturing the person's features, qualities,speech, and actions
expressions which were once fresh and life-like, but have been overused so much that they little or no meaning nowadays (stubborn as a mule)
a pattern of a paragraph or essay writing which explains the similarities between two objects, or a general term including both similarities and differences (contrast)
explaining a term so that the reader knows the author's precise meaning of it as it is used in an essay or a type of essay using ,many methods to illustrate and define an idea.
using sensory details of sight(such as color), sound, smell, ect.. to create a word picture or to explain or illustrate an idea to an audience.
exact duplication in writing of what two or more people say to each other , and isused to add vividness or concreteness to an essay or other written work
from the french, essai, it menas "an attempt", usually as the explanation of an author's ideas or thought on a particular subjects
the author or a character refers to a previous event out of chronological order
a hint of an event to come later in a literary work
an obvious and intentional exaggeration
the beginning ot opening of an essay which alerts the audience about the essay's subject, limits of the essay, and the thesis. and defines the audience
a technique of writing an essay, where a narrative is begun immediately after the introduction( or sometimes in place of it), then broken off temporarily during the rest of the essay, and the resumed just before the conclusion of that essay.
an error in the series of steps used in reasoning a problem through to its conclusion. There are many types of these errors
the author or character who is allowing the audience to "read" his or her thoughts , and usually the words are italicized
a type of figure of speech in which two unlike items form different sets are compared briefly without like or as
telling a story of giving dramatic incident to illustrate an important idea
the attitude and point of view of formal writers who try not to include their own personal feelings or attitudes about their subjects
word whose definition is a sound
EX. buss, boom, ding dong
a word or phrase where one part is opposite meaning of the other
putting another's thoughts into one's own words but still referencing the information's source.
giving a thing, object, or idea lifelike or human characteristics
A series of actions, or action verbs, as in an event, like a narrative, anecdote, flashback
original documents such as speeches, diaries, novels, legislative bills. USUALLY a first hand account but some newspaper(eyewitness) can be primary
explains the step-by-bstep method for doing something, how some action has occurred, on for reaching a desired end.
support a students's ideas by authority on a particular subject or point
commentaries on original works
an element which generally has three major parts:time, place, and mood, and appears in relating a story, narrative, anecdote, or an event
description of a scene, object,ect..using focal point and broadening the scope outward, or reverse; by moving from left to right ot right to left; or by proceeding from top to bottom, of from bottom to top
an element which discusses a story's or an essay's organization, how it is set up, whether it is formal or informal,, the type of work it is, and the way words, sentences, and paragraphs are used within it
a three step series of logical statements about a topic which proceed from the general to specific, or the reverse, using either deductive (the former) or inductive (the latter) reasoning