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what do historians look at in family studies? (3)
- looking at family as institutions in society
- look at broad experiences within families
- how does family structure change overtime
Describe 3 ways do historians look at family studies?
- Quantitative: ex. typical age of first marriage? how many children in family?
- Behavioural: family behaviour patterns
- Intellectual: the thought behind an action such as behaviour
what is family history?
study of collective experiences of thousands of families, looking for patterns, similarities, dissimilarities, explanations and projections
what is agism?
adults have more power than children
___________ was the responsibility of the family.
family head (usually male) would be pushed by society to make sure family attends?
why did nuclear family thrive in urban areas? (2)
- came as married couples and/or kids
- cost of accommodation was cheap
what type of family was common in Canada + urban area?
what hours were typical for a work week in the 19th century?
how were children raised in rural vs. urban environment?
- rural environment: both parents have input in raising child
- urban environment: women primary caregiver because father absent at work
what was the cult of true womanhood?
- women cleaned, cooked, balanced/budget money
- protector of children
what age was referred to childhood in 19th century?
0-3 years old
formalized schooling replaced homeschooling in the 19th century. why did some parents oppose this? (5)
- children who would normally be working to support family would now be at school
- family could not afford to lose labour from child
- "school" took the fathers power away from him
- some didn't like that child mixed with kids of different race religion etc.
- expenses to send child to school
- might cause power emersion in family: kids become more knowledgeable than parents
what were the values conveyed in school systems? (5)
- value their work
- respect authority: teachers in school, later boss in workplace
- to accept hierarchy as normal: know your place and accept it
- taught manners
- gender paths
how did children move from one status to a higher status?
- education: boomers had better life than parents
- marrying higher class; worked mostly for women
what happened to private religious schools after 1960?
allowed other religious students to attend and did not force them to attend prayers
How was the school also a place to learn public health? (2)
- schools forced children to show fingers nails regularly to ensure they were clean
- was enforced to use handkerchief instead of sleeve to blow nose
In 1960, what was the clothing like for boys vs. men?
- young boys wore shorts
- when they became men they wore pants