Anth340 PP terms

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Anth340 PP terms
2014-10-18 03:40:41
African Culture

Midterm Review, terms from in class lecture powerpoints
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  1. Lineage is....
    Group of people who trace direct descent from a particular ancestor

    •Way of organizing groups

    Kinship is another term for this

    • •It is often flexible (people can join other lineages through marriage or aligning
    • selves with new groups)
  2. Define Theory. How is it applied in Anthropology?
    A set of principles that are designed to explain a group of facts or phenomena

    • •Particular orientation to the world and how it works that serves as a road-map for
    • researchers, helping to shape their approaches to research

    •Helps anthropologists decide what information to collect and how to interpret it

    •Theories evolve!
  3. Structural-Funtionalism
    • •Idea that society is complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity
    • and stability
  4. Common beliefs among indigenous African tribes
    •No sacred books

    • •Often practiced by
    • single ethnic group

    • •Belief in supreme
    • being and spirits

    • •Belief in life after
    • death

    • •Have religious
    • personnel

    • •Witchcraft and magic
    • practices

    •Ritual important
  5. African Independent Churches
    • denominations or churches that separated from European-dominated churches; incorporate
    • “African” elements
  6. Common practices of Evangelical Christian church's in Africa
    • need for personal conversion (born again); high regard for biblical authority; emphasis on death and resurrection of Jesus Christ; focus on sharing the gospel
  7. What is analysis? How is it used?
    •To analyze something is to

    –Ask how something does what it does

    –Ask why it is as it is

    –Ask what it means

    •We analyze all the time in everyday thinking!

    • •In writing this is where you explain your evidence, relate it back to your
    • argument, make your points explicit to your reader

    •Be sure to give evidence to support your analysis

    •Remember that analysis takes time!
  8. Bridewealth
    •Often begin a set of gift exchanges that continue over time
  9. •Can serve to represent and secure relations between the two families
  10. Bridewealth
    • •Money and goods given by the groom and his family to the bride and her family as part
    • of getting married
  11. Define globalization
    • •Process of increasing integration and connections between countries and people as
    • people exchange products, technologies, ideas, and other aspects of culture

    • •Though regions of the world have long been connected globalization is facilitated
    • today by transportation infrastructure and communication systems (Internet)
  12. Effects of globalization on families and kinship in Africa
    •Christianity impacts polygynous marriages(numbers diminish)

    • •Ideas of romantic love, individualism, and
    • consumerism spread

    •Many men migrate for work

    •People migrate to cities (hoping for jobs, better lives)
  13. Livelihood
    •paid and unpaid activities that sustain communities and individuals over the long term

    •productive and reproductive activities together

    • •Note that factors like
    • race, gender, class, nation, ethnicity, geography, ecology shape people’s
    • options and constraints
  14. productive and reproductive activities
    Productive: Often work for money to financially support family. (money is exchanged for work)

    Reproductive: Household work that does not bring in an income but works to support the daily function of households.
  15. Food Security
    • •A household's or country's ability to provide future physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that fulfills the dietary needs and food preferences
    • for living an active and healthy lifestyle.
  16. Three aspects of food security (according to World Health Organization)
    •Food availability

    •Food access

    •Food use
  17. Exchange
    • People exchanging material goods with each other; often involves idea that later a person will return an equivalent or more valuable
    • object later
  18. Informal Sector work
    • Activities that are often not
    • taxed, not regulated or protected by the government and other institutions, and
    • not factored into countries’ GDPs
  19. Remittance
    transfer of money by a foreign worker to his or her own country