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how do we know where to find archaeological sites?
cultural resource management or cultural heritage management is?
archeaology in private sector sometimes done in governemtn sector.
national historic preservation act section 106
governs preservation and conservation of archaeological materials.
federal law that dictates what needs to be done to be compliant what governs cultural heritage. ie: contracting professionals when building a new building
every state has its on historical preservation board
Cultural research management
ex: road widening project needs to be mitigated - depends on whats there.
so Survey, what must be done?
phase 1a: pedestrian survey; walk through with client - look for features that indicates previous human activity. cultural resource mgt will consult records to verify any activity
Phase 1: shovel pit testing. grid created set up based on resolution wanted. survey will be done with little holes dug down into subsoil. findings or lack thereof will determine further digging.
Phase 2: testing - depending on significant items found, holes will be expanded to 1-2 meters. if more items are found, move to full excavation. if not, you're done - data will be given to preservation office for review.
Phase 3: full excavation - uncover entire grid area to look for further features.
- standardized process for surveying and for
- 1.) client pricing
- 2.) and approach
Assessment: what is there and what is significant, sent to state agency to determine when to stop.
cultural research management do surveys why?
- does not contribute to ethnology
- surveys are done about only what is there and if it requires further work that could benefit future generations knowledge about the past.
more targeted and specific and reveals information you would have not seen otherwise.
types of archaeological survey
- pedestrian survey
- Aerial survey
- ground penetrating radar
- subsurface survey
- used to see things you could not see from the ground
- by plane, resolution is not great
- drones can be used, but prone to crashing
geophysical survey - ground surveying
all have same principle but different methods
- Electrical resistivity tomography - probes put into ground to measure electrical resistance in soil between probes.
- geo magnetometry - measures magnetic field underground. soils give off different magnetism. susceptible to thunderstorms. looks for buried ditches and walls not artifacts
- ground penetrating radar- sends radiowaves into ground
- transects - putting people in certain areas and walking the areas
- scale - area size determines importance of transects and placement.
- sites - how you define sites determines how you determine your data
- gives exact location for points in scale
- gives 3d representation of topography and excavation
language: words change____ do not
relationship between people and their things
What would you like to do?
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