Card Set Information
How aging impairs the mental abilities
What are the types of dementia?
Dementia with Lewy bodies
What is involved with creativity?
What are the 5 components of wisdom?
factual knowledge (understanding basic facts)
strategic knowledge (how to do things)
uncertainties (acceptance of not always having the answers)
relativism (having values and goals)
contexts (things change from time to time and place to place)
What are the forms of intelligence?
fluid (processing new information)
crystallized (ability based on learned experience)
What is the classic aging pattern?
fluid intelligence tends to drop off with age
crystallized intelligence tends to slightly increase with age
How is intelligence measured?
verbal meaning (correct definition of words)
space (match abstract, rotated figures to stimulus figures)
reasoning (determine pattern in a letter series and select the next correct letter from five options)
number (mathematical ability)
word fluency (understanding of words)
How are the forms of memory affected by aging?
sensory memory does not change
working memory slows down
procedural and semantic long term memory has no change
episodic long term memory slows down
What are the symptoms for clinical depression?
loss of interest in pleasurable activities
loss of appetite
feelings of worthlessness
difficulties in thinking/concentrating
suicidal notions for 2+ weeks
Who is at a greater risk of depression in old age in nursing homes?
What is personality?
a social construct that helps us understand who we are and how we react to the environment
What is neuroticism?
high neuroticism=high anxiety, hostility and sensitivity to criticism
What is extroversion?
high sociability, interest in being center of attention and seeks excitement
What is openness to experience?
being imaginative and open to going somewhere new or trying something new
What is agreeableness?
trusting, submissive, and may be easily persuaded by others
What is conscientiousness?
well organized, competent, and high level of self-discipline
What is coping?
a state of compatibility between the individual and the environment that allows for well being
How is coping facilitated?
greater impulse control (thinking things through)
modification of environment
What are the types of midlife women?
traditional (caring for everyone else)
Innovative (followed male-model, education to work)
Expansive (radical break from past through divorce or widowhood)
Protestors (break from early life requirement)
What was the biggest contribution of stage theories?