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What are the theories of social support?
- Hierarchical compensatory model (emotional support seeked from spouse first, then children, then friends)
- Task specificity model (men used for instrumental support, women for emotional support)
- Functional specificity of relationships model (use of people in our own way)
- Convoy model (who we turn to for support changes over time)
What is the latent kin matrix?
getting support in later life from those who are not necessarily on the "front lines"/openly present
What are the benefits of marriage in later life?
- extra social security
- instrumental help
- greater social opportunities
- higher income
- lower mortality rates
- better health
How does sexual activity change as we age?
frequency declines but satisfaction increases
What does the continuity theory say?
what is important to you in early life is important to you in later life
In what ways are retirement satisfying?
- when couples retire as same time
- least satisfying when man retires before woman
What influences the conflict between parent and adult child relationships?
- differences in lifestyle and personal habits
- religion and politics
- child rearing practices
- work habits
What are the six components of intergenerational solidarity?
- frequency of interaction
- type of interaction
- amount of positive sentiment
- level of agreement about value and beliefs
- exchange of services/support
- geographical proximity
What are the five patterns of intergenerational solidarity?
- tight knit (high on all six components)
- sociable (high on all but exchange of services)
- obligatory (high on proximity, contact, exchange/ low on positive sentiment and agreement about values and beliefs)
- Intimate but distant (strong on positive sentiment/ low on frequency and type of interaction and exchange of services/support)
- detached (low on all)
What is the effect of parental divorce?
men decrease in social support after divorce
Who do child free older adults turn to for social support?
friends and neighbors
What kinds of support do unmarried older adults have?
strong kin and friendship ties with better finances
What are the types of sibling relationships?
- congenial (second most common/friendly)
- loyal (most common)
- apathetic ("don't know, don't care")
- hostile ("don't want anything to do with")
What are the styles of grandparenting?
How is grandparenting after divorce of adult children?
- increased bond
- intimacy at a distance
- blurred due to new relationships (key is custody not lineage)
How are late life friendships for men and women?
- women more likely to confide in other women
- men more likely to share a laugh