Microbiology

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Author:
kaori
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286214
Filename:
Microbiology
Updated:
2014-10-19 02:11:26
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Protists
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The Protists
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  1. Budding is a method of asexual reproduction that results in two daughter cells that are ____ in size.
    Unequal
  2. Protozoans are termed ingestive ____ because they obtain energy and carbon compounds from food they "eat".
    Chemoheterotrophs
  3. ____ ____ is an asexual method of reproduction that results in two equal-sized daughter cells.
    Binary Fission
  4. Entamoeba histolytica infections can lead to _____ (extreme explosive diarrhea containing blood, pus and mucus)
    Dysentery
  5. Red algae contain chlorophyll a and two accessory pigments called phycobilins (one reddish and one bluish); this relates them to the _____.
    Cyanobacteria
  6. The ____ is the flagella-bearing groove of the dinoflagellant cell wall that is perpendicular to the annulus groove.
    Sulcus
  7. The _____ nucleus of Paramecium controls conjugation.
    Micro
  8. The tsetse fly is the vector for Trypanosoma brucei, which causes ____ ____ sickness.
    African Sleeping
  9. I am the only ciliated protozoan parasite of man; I can survive in the environment as a cyst and then hatch into a trophozoite once I'm inside my human host. My genus is _____.
    Balantidium
  10. Dinoflagellants, euglenoids, and diatoms are all ____ algae that form the base of aquatic food chains/webs; they are also referred to as phytoplankton.
    Unicellular
  11. I'm actually a spherical colony of photosynthetic flagellated cells and I roll around in the water like a ball. I was Antonie can Leeuwenhoek's favorite "wee beast." My genus is ____.
    Volvox
  12. Daughter cells following binary fission are ____ in size.
    Equal
  13. Amoeba travels and feeds by means of projecting bulges called _____.
    Pseudopodia
  14. Numerous fine _____ in the silica cell walls of diatoms make diatomaceous earth an excellent filter.
    Pores
  15. The economically important substance harvested from the cell walls of brown algae is called ____.
    Algin
  16. The term ___ refers to a cell (like an egg or sperm) with one set of unpaired chromosomes.
    Haploid
  17. I'm a single celled freshwater alga. I can swim with my anterior flagellum or scrunch along on the bottom because of my flexible pellicle. I have a stigma so I can exhibit positive phototaxis. My genus is _____.
    Euglena
  18. Sexual reproduction is beneficial during ____ environmental conditions.
    Harsh
  19. Trichonympha produces the enzyme cellulase to digest the ____ ingested by its termite host.
    Cellulose
  20. I am a cousin of the freshwater Amoeba, but I'm a pathogen and I cause a serious type of dysentery. My genus is ____.
    Entamoeba
  21. Asexual reproduction occurs in great environments with only ____ parent, resulting in little or no genetic diversity.
    One
  22. Sexual reproduction requires ____ parents and results in more genetic diversity, especially in harsh environment.
    Two
  23. Many kelp have a stalk-like ____ that connects their holdfasts to their blade.
    Stipe
  24. Red algae live in ___ marine waters because they an absorb the most penetrating wavelengths of light.
    Deep
  25. One way baby termites can obtain their gut protozoans is to perform a little dance asking to drink the ____ ___ of an adult termite.
    Anal Droplets
  26. A flexible protein layer under the cell membrane of Euglena is called the _____.
    Pellicle
  27. A ____ is a male gamete.
    Sperm
  28. A sexual reproduction is beneficial during _____ environment condition.
    Great
  29. Volvox produces ____ ____ inside the parent colony.
    Daughter Colonies
  30. I am flagellated protozoan parasite of the vagina and urethra, so I am transmitted by sexual activity; I cause an infection called Trichomoniasis. My genus is _____.
    Trichomonas
  31. I am the flagellated protozoan that causes African sleeping sickness. My genus is ____.
    Trypanosoma
  32. A diploid cell contains _____ sets of paired chromosomes.
    Two
  33. Syngamy (fertilization) refers to the union of special sex cells, such as sperm and egg, to form a _____.
    Zygote
  34. ____ is the study of algae.
    Phycology
  35. I am the pathogenic protozoan that causes malaria. My genus is _____.
    Plasmodium
  36. Red algae contain chlorophyll a and two accessory pigments called _____ (one reddish and one bluish); this relates them to the cyanobacteria.
    Phycobilins
  37. A diploid cell contains two sets of ____ chromosomes.
    Paired
  38. ______ (fertilization) refers to the union of special sex cells, such as sperm and egg, to form a zygote.
    Syngamy
  39. The ____ fly is the vector for Trypanosoma brucei, which causes African sleeping sickness.
    Tsetse
  40. I am a flagellated protozoan parasite that you ingest if you drink water in nature without boiling it;  I cause severe intestinal distress. My genus is ____.
    Giardia
  41. Binary fission and budding both begin with ____ (also called karyokinesis).
    Mitosis
  42. Termites are wood chewing insects that need gut symbionts to digest the ____ in their diet.
    Cellulose
  43. ____ ____ are colorful "amoeba-like" protists with a large, coenocytic cell that crawls along on rotting logs.
    Slime Mold
  44. A female ____ mosquito is the vector of Plasmodium vivax, which causes malaria.
    Anopheles
  45. I am the largest and most common flagellated termite gut symbiont. My genus is ____.
    Trichonympha
  46. ____ are special reproductive cells with one set of unpaired chromosomes; eggs and sperm are examples.
    Gametes
  47. Protozoology is the study of unicellular, "animal-like" protists called _____.
    Protozoans
  48. ___ algae are the source of agar.
    Red
  49. Each cell of a Volvox colony have ____ flagella for locomotion.
    Two
  50. Elongated diatoms typically live in a ____ habitat.
    Freshwater
  51. Multiple fission is also known as _____.
    Schizogony
  52. Volvox is a colonial green alga that rolls around by means of _____.
    Flagella
  53. ___ refers to Extreme Explosive diarrhea containing blood, pus, and mucus; caused by an Entamoeba histolytica infection.
    Dysentery
  54. _____ are the infectious stage of sporozoans such as the malarial parasite, Plasmodium vivax.
    Sporozoites
  55. A primitive form of sexual union between independent cells is called _____.
    Conjugation
  56. I am a large ciliated freshwater protozoan with an oral groove: I also have both a micronucleus and a macronucleus. My genus is ____.
    Paramecium
  57. A ____ _____ indicates a freshwater habitat; used for osmoregulation (water balance) in cells without a protective cell wall.
    Contractile Vacuole
  58. _____ gametocytes mature into female gametes in the female Anopheles mosquito's stomach.
    Macro
  59. Trichonympha produces the enzyme ____ to digest the cellulose ingested by its host.
    Cellulase
  60. ____ is the study of protozoans.
    Protozoology
  61. At the (temporary) ____ end of Amoeba sol changes to gel.
    Anterior
  62. A ____ ____ occurs when dinoflagellates overpopulate their waters and their neurotoxins become concentrated.
    Red Tide
  63. In the malaria life cycle, human are the ____ host.
    Secondary
  64. The term ___ refers to the mature, feeding stage of a parasitic protozoan that emerges from the cyst.
    Trophozoite
  65. ____ are wood chewing insects that ned mutualistic gut symionts to digest the cellulose in their diet.
    Termites
  66. Dinoflagellants, euglenoids, and diatoms are all unicellular algae that form the base of aquatic food chains/webs; they are also referred to as .
    Phytoplankton
  67. The two halves of the diatom cell wall fit together like a ____ dish.
    Petri
  68. ___ algae inhabit shallow marine waters and include the giant kelp.
    Brown
  69. Eggs and sperm are both sex cells called _____.
    Gametes
  70. ____ gametocytes mature into male gametes in the female Anopheles mosquito's stomach.
    Micro
  71. Diatoms are unicellular freshwater and marine algae with overlapping ____ (glass) cell walls. Sediment deposits of their cell walls are knob as diatomaceous earth.
    Silica
  72. A haploid cell contains one set of ____ chromosomes.
    Unpaired
  73. Brown algae inhabit ____ marine waters, and include the giant kelp.
    Shallow
  74. A contractile vacuole indicates a freshwater habitat; used for _____ in cells without protective cell wall.
    Osmoregulation
  75. ____ reproduction produces offspring with lots of genetic variation.
    Sexual
  76. ____ ____ is a form of asexual reproduction that results in equal sized daughter cells.
    Binary Fission
  77. Plasmodium vivax undergoes schizogony in ____ for 10-14 days following injection into a new human.
    Hepatocytes
  78. Paramecium swims by means of _____.
    Cilia
  79. At the (temporary) ___ end of Amoeba gel changes to sol.
    Posterior
  80. Methods of ____ among protozoans include pseudopodia, flagella and cilia.
    Locomotion
  81. During the liver stage of malaria, the parasites reproduce asexually by ______ (also called multiple fission).
    Schizogony
  82. _____ released by dinoflagellates cause red tides, and can cause paralytic shellfish poisoning if ingested.
    Neurotoxins
  83. The ____ and sulcus are flagella-bearing grooves in the dinoflagellate cell wall.
    Annulus
  84. Protozoans are referred to as "____ -like" protists.
    Animal
  85. ____ reproduction occurs in great environments with only one parent, resulting in little or no genetic diversity; binary fission, budding and schizogony are all examples.
    Asexual
  86. The reddish-orange structure that detects light in Euglena is called the ____.
    Stigma
  87. The ____ is the expanded, leaf-like portion of kelp.
    Blade
  88. The term ____ refers to having two sets of paired chromosomes.
    Diploid
  89. The large, leaf-like blades of kelp float near the water surface by means of many tiny ___ ____.
    Air Bladders
  90. Schizogony begins with many mitoses followed by ____ cytokinesis.
    Delayed
  91. Volvox is an example of ____ algae.
    Green
  92. Amoeba uses its pseudopodia to engulf food particles; this process is called _____.
    Phagocytosis
  93. ____ are unicellular freshwater and marine algae with overlapping silica cell walls.
    Diatoms
  94. ____ is a sexual form of reproduction where two independent cells fuse together.
    Conjugation
  95. The saliva of blood sucking vectors contains anti-blood clotting compounds called _____.
    Anticoagulants
  96. The ____ ____ of Paramecium is the entrance for food particles.
    Oral Grooves
  97. Most euglenoids live in a ____ habitat.
    Freshwater
  98. The environmental form of protozoan parasites such as Entamoeba histolytica is called a _____.
    Cyst
  99. ____ endoplasm of Amoeba flows forward and gels at the anterior end.
    Sol
  100. Each cell of a Volvox colony has two ____ for locomotion.
    Flagella
  101. The presence of a contractile vacuole indicates a ____ environment.
    Freshwater
  102. I am a common pond water protozoan that crawls and feeds by means of pseudopodia; I am very much like the white blood cells in your own body! My genus is ____.
    Amoeba
  103. Round, Square, and triangular diatoms are typically _____ in habitat.
    Marine
  104. The malaria parasite reproduces by multiple fission, or _____, in two day cycles in the red blood cells.
    Schizogony
  105. The ____ nucleus of Paramecium controls metabolism and binary fission.
    Macro
  106. ____ is the microbiologically important substance harvested from the cell walls of red algae.
    Agar
  107. Just like animals, protozoans "eat" food and then digest it, so they are termed _____ chemoheterotrophs.
    Ingestive
  108. Population explosions of unicellular algae called ____ result in red tides.
    Dinoflagelates
  109. Diatoms are unicellular freshwater and marine algae with overlapping silica cell walls. Sediment deposits of these cells walls are known as ____ earth.
    Diatomaceous
  110. Neurotoxing released by dinoflagellates during red tides are concentrated by filter feeders (such as oysters) and can cause ____ ____ poisoning in humans if ingested.
    Paralytic Shellfish
  111. The term haploid refers to a cell having ____ set of impaired chromosomes.
    One
  112. A female Anopheles mosquito is then vector of Plasmodium vivax, which causes _____.
    Malaria
  113. ____ is a form of asexual reproduction result ing in daughter cells of different sizes.
    Budding
  114. One way baby termites can obtain their gut protozoans is by ____ (eating fresh fever of an adult termite, still swarming with the protozoans).
    Coprophagia
  115. _____ is a special form of schizogony where infectious sporozoites are produced.
    Sporogony
  116. Phycology is the study of algae, the "_____-like" protists.
    Plant
  117. ____ is the term for microscopic "animal-like" aquatic organisms.
    Zooplankton
  118. Sol endoplasm of Amoeba flows forward and then turns to ___ at the anterior end.
    Gel
  119. The ____ of Amoeba is capable of physical changes from gel ↔ sol.
    Endoplasm
  120. Large brown algae are collectively called ____.
    Kelp
  121. Algae are termed ____ because they obtain energy from sunlight and from carbon compounds from CO2.
    Photoautotrophs
  122. Slime molds are large _____ cells.
    Coenocytic
  123. In the malaria life cycle, the female Anopheles mosquito is the ___ host because that is where sexual reproduction occurs.
    Primary
  124. ____ are "root-like" attachment structures of kelp.
    Holdfasts
  125. The malarial parasite undergoes schizogony in ____ during crisis stage of the disease.
    Erythrocytes
  126. ____ is the firm,clear, outer cytoplasm of Amoeba.
    Ectoplasm
  127. Numerous ____ give Euglena its green appearance.
    Chloroplasts
  128. An ____ is a female gamete.
    Egg
  129. Trypanosoma, Trichonympha, Fiardia, & Trichomonas are all protozoans with _____ for locomotion.
    Flagella
  130. The ____ are protozoans that are all parasitic; Plasmodium vivax is an example.
    Sporozoans
  131. The symbiotic relationship between a termite and its gut protozoans is an example of _____.
    Mutualism
  132. The smaller daughter cell produced by budding is called the ______.
    Bud
  133. Slime molds travel by means of _____ (cytoplasmic streaming).
    Cyclosis
  134. The tsetse fly is the _____ for African sleeping sickness; a female Anopheles mosquito is the ____ of malaria.
    Vector
  135. Diatomaceous earth makes a fine ____ in toothpaste and silver polish.
    Abrasive
  136. Phycology is the study of _____, the "plant-like" protists.
    Algae

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