____ are eight sexual spores made in a little sac by the Ascomycetes.
___ are sexual spores made by Rhizopus and other Zygomycetes.
A ___ is a club-shaped cell that produces four sexual basidospores.
Claviceps purpurea causes a disease called ____ of rye.
The ____ is the stalk of a mushroom that supports the pileus; it usually has an annulus.
The alkaloid toxins of ergot affects the thalamus (the sensory relay station of the brain), resulting in a mixing of senses called _____.
Sexual reproduction is beneficial during _____ environmental conditions.
n + n hyphae produced by the union of two opposite mating types are termed _____.
Aboveground ____ and underground truffles are both considered delicious Ascomycetes.
Rhizopus make asexual spores called ____ in aerial sporangia.
Corn ____ is a disease caused by a parasitic Basidomycete with haustoria that penetrate into the corn kernels; the kernels enlarge and finally burst open to release spores.
Zygospores, ascospores, and basidiospores are all ____ spores because they are produced by the combined efforts of two parents of opposite mating types.
Fungal spores are haploid, containing ____ set of unpaired chromosomes.
____ are round, thick walled asexual spores made by cells of septate hyphae of some fungi; they often spiked walls for attachment.
A ____ is a single filament of a mold; it may be coenocytic or septate.
The word ____ indicates a ringworm infection of some kind.
Arthropores, chlamydospores, sporangiospores, conidiospores and blastospores are all ____ spores because they are produced by a single individual.
Histoplasmosis is a ____ fungal infection of the lungs from breathing in spores made by gunk growing upon bird or bat droppings.
The alkaloid toxins of ergot affects the ____ (the sensory relay station of the brain), resulting in a mixing of senses called hallucinations.
The cell wall of a hypha is composed of a polysaccharide called _____.
Ascospores are _____.
Single-celled fungi are commonly called _____.
Tinea _____ refers to a ringworm infection of the fingernails or toenails.
Fungi known as ____ are nicknamed "fungi imperfecti" because they do not make sexual spores.
Fungi are referred to as ____ chemoheterotrophs, because they release digestive enzymes onto their food and then take in the predigested nutrients.
The "cap" of a mushroom is scientifically called the ____.
A circle of mushrooms that grow aboveground overnight is called a _____ _____.
____ are haploid reproductive cells produced by fungi.
Fungi known as ____ produce sexual basidiospores and asexual chlamydospores or arthrospores.
Any disease caused by a fungus is called a ____.
Zygomycetes produce sexual spores inside a large, thick-walled structure called a ____.
The entire reproductive structure commonly called a mushroom is scientifically known as a _____.
Tinea infections are commonly called ____ infections.
____ to a new environment by air currents is possible because fungal spores are dust-like particles.
____ are sexual spores made by mushrooms, smuts, rusts, puffballs, and shelf fungi.
A systemic fungal infection of the lungs from breathing in spores made by fungi growing upon bird or bat droppings is called _____.
An ____ is a "sac" that contains eight ascspores.
Yeast reproduce asexually by ____.
Yeast undergo _____ fermentation, crucial to both the baking and the brewing industries.
Asexual reproduction is beneficial during ____ environmental conditions.
____ refers to two forms of growth observed in many fungal pathogens; at 37°C they are yeast-like, but at 25°C they are mold-like.
A ____ is a mass of hyphae making up the body of a mold.
All fungal spores are haploid, containing on set of _____ chromosomes.
_____ are barrel-shaped asexual spores made by fragmentation of septate hypha of some fungi.
The number of sexual ascospores in an ascus is _____.
Wheat ____ is a disease caused by a parasitic Basidiomycete; reddish-orange spores are produced in lesions of wheat stems and leaves.
____ are dry, brittle basidiocarps that rupture to release spores when mature.
An _____ is a cup-shaped structure that produces ascospores in ascu along its upper surface.
Both conidiospores and blastospores are produced by _____.
All fungal spores are _____, containing one set of impaired chromosomes.
A cutaneous fungal skin infection (such as ringworm) is also referred to as a _____.
Aerial ____ hyphae grown upright from horizontal vegetative hyphae.
____ are penetrating hyphae of parasitic fungi.
Basidiospores are ______
The number of sexual basidiospores produced on each basidium is _____.
A ____ is an enclosed structure that produces asexual sporangiospores.
Ringworm of the body is called tine _____.
I am a very economically important single-celled Ascomycete; the baking and brewing industries depend on me because I undergo alcohol fermentation! My genus is ____.
When yeast cells reproduce by budding, the small daughter cell that pinches off is called a ______.
The "gills" of a mushroom that support the basidia bearing basidiospores are scientifically called _____.
I'm Deuteromycete and the source of the first major antibiotic discovered by Alexander Fleming. My genus is ____.
Sporangiospores are _____.
Yeast buds are also referred to as asexual spores called _____.
Conidospores are _____.
Fungi known as ____ produce sexual ascospres and asexual conidospres or blastospres.
Fungal cells have a true, membrane-bound nucleus and may membrane-bound organelles, so they are ____ cells.
_____ is the study of fungi.
Tienea ____ is a ringworm infection of the head/scalp.
An edible basidocarp composed of a stipe and a piles bearing lamellae is commonly called a ____.
The scar on the stipe of a mushroom left by the expanding piles is called the ____.
______ hyphae grow horizontally on the food surface, obtaining nutrients for the fungus.
Ascomycetes and Basidiomycetes have ____ hyphae divided by cross walls.
Dermatomycoses such as tineas are caused y fungi that produce the enzyme _____.
____ are asexual spores that bud off the tips of aerial hyphae made by Penicillium.
____ hyphae are not divided by cross-walls and are therefore mutinucleated.
Thrush is an example of an _____ mycosis; caused by and organism that is usually harmless but that may take advantage of an immune-compromised host of following broad spectrum antibiotic use.
____ are delicious underground Ascomyvetes that grow in France; "hunters" find them with trained dogs or pigs.
Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogenic yeast that causes oral _____.
I am the common black bread mold. My genus is _____.
I am an Ascomycete plant pathogen of grain such as rye, causing a disease known as ergot; if ingested the alkaloids I produce cause hallucinations and were the original source of LSD. My genus is ____.
Tinea ____ is a ringworm infection commonly called "jock-itch"
I am an opportunistic pathogenic yeast and I cause thrush. My genus is _____.
Once the two haploid nuclei form a dikaryotic hypha fuse, a diploid nucleus is formed with two sets of _____ chromosomes.
Shelf fungi (also called ____ fungi) are Basidiomycetes that grow horizontally out from fences, logs, etc.
Tinea ____ is a ringworm infection often called "athlete's foot".
Once the two haploid nuclei form a dikaryotic hypha fuse, a diploid zygote is formed with ____ sets of paired chromosomes.