Microbiology

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Author:
kaori
ID:
286231
Filename:
Microbiology
Updated:
2014-10-20 21:01:02
Tags:
Fungi
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Description:
The Fungi
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  1. ____ are eight sexual spores made in a little sac by the Ascomycetes.
    Ascospores
  2. ___ are sexual spores made by Rhizopus and other Zygomycetes.
    Zygospores
  3. A ___ is a club-shaped cell that produces four sexual basidospores.
    Basidium
  4. Claviceps purpurea causes a disease called ____ of rye.
    Ergot
  5. The ____ is the stalk of a mushroom that supports the pileus; it usually has an annulus.
    Stipe
  6. The alkaloid toxins of ergot affects the thalamus (the sensory relay station of the brain), resulting in a mixing of senses called _____.
    Hallucinations
  7. Sexual reproduction is beneficial during _____ environmental conditions.
    Harsh
  8. n + n hyphae produced by the union of two opposite mating types are termed _____.
    Dikaryotic
  9. Aboveground ____ and underground truffles are both considered delicious Ascomycetes.
    Morels
  10. Rhizopus make asexual spores called ____ in aerial sporangia.
    Sporangiospores
  11. Corn ____ is a disease caused by a parasitic Basidomycete with haustoria that penetrate into the corn kernels; the kernels enlarge and finally burst open to release spores.
    Smut
  12. Zygospores, ascospores, and basidiospores are all ____ spores because they are produced by the combined efforts of two parents of opposite mating types.
    Sexual
  13. Fungal spores are haploid, containing ____ set of unpaired chromosomes.
    One
  14. ____ are round, thick walled asexual spores made by cells of septate hyphae of some fungi; they often spiked walls for attachment.
    Chlamydospores
  15. A ____ is a single filament of a mold; it may be coenocytic or septate.
    Hypha
  16. The word ____ indicates a ringworm infection of some kind.
    Tinea
  17. Arthropores, chlamydospores, sporangiospores, conidiospores and blastospores are all ____ spores because they are produced by a single individual.
    Asexual
  18. Histoplasmosis is a ____ fungal infection of the lungs from breathing in spores made by gunk growing upon bird or bat droppings.
    Systemic
  19. The alkaloid toxins of ergot affects the ____ (the sensory relay station of the brain), resulting in a mixing of senses called hallucinations.
    Thalamus
  20. The cell wall of a hypha is composed of a polysaccharide called _____.
    Chitin
  21. Ascospores are _____.
    Haploid
  22. Single-celled fungi are commonly called _____.
    Yeast
  23. Tinea _____ refers to a ringworm infection of the fingernails or toenails.
    Unguium
  24. Fungi known as ____ are nicknamed "fungi imperfecti" because they do not make sexual spores.
    Deuteromycetes
  25. Fungi are referred to as ____ chemoheterotrophs, because they release digestive enzymes onto their food and then take in the predigested nutrients.
    Absortive
  26. The "cap" of a mushroom is scientifically called the ____.
    Pileus
  27. A circle of mushrooms that grow aboveground overnight is called a _____ _____.
    Fairy Ring
  28. ____ are haploid reproductive cells produced by fungi.
    Spores
  29. Fungi known as ____ produce sexual basidiospores and asexual chlamydospores or arthrospores.
    Basidiomycetes
  30. Any disease caused by a fungus is called a ____.
    Mycosis
  31. Zygomycetes produce sexual spores inside a large, thick-walled structure called a ____.
    Zygosporangium
  32. The entire reproductive structure commonly called a mushroom is scientifically known as a _____.
    Basidiocarp
  33. Tinea infections are commonly called ____ infections.
    Ringworm
  34. ____ to a new environment by air currents is possible because fungal spores are dust-like particles.
    Dispersal
  35. ____ are sexual spores made by mushrooms, smuts, rusts, puffballs, and shelf fungi.
    Basidiospores
  36. A systemic fungal infection of the lungs from breathing in spores made by fungi growing upon bird or bat droppings is called _____.
    Histoplasmosis.
  37. An ____ is a "sac" that contains eight ascspores.
    Ascus
  38. Yeast reproduce asexually by ____.
    Budding
  39. Yeast undergo _____ fermentation, crucial to both the baking and the brewing industries.
    Alcohol
  40. Asexual reproduction is beneficial during ____ environmental conditions.
    Great
  41. ____ refers to two forms of growth observed in many fungal pathogens; at 37°C they are yeast-like, but at 25°C they are mold-like.
    Dimorphism
  42. A ____ is a mass of hyphae making up the body of a mold.
    Mycelium
  43. All fungal spores are haploid, containing on set of _____ chromosomes.
    Unpaired
  44. _____ are barrel-shaped asexual spores made by fragmentation of septate hypha of some fungi.
    Arthrospores
  45. The number of sexual ascospores in an ascus is _____.
    Eight
  46. Wheat ____ is a disease caused by a parasitic Basidiomycete; reddish-orange spores are produced in lesions of wheat stems and leaves.
    Rust
  47. ____ are dry, brittle basidiocarps that rupture to release spores when mature.
    Puffballs
  48. An _____ is a cup-shaped structure that produces ascospores in ascu along its upper surface.
    Ascocarp
  49. Both conidiospores and blastospores are produced by _____.
    Budding
  50. All fungal spores are _____, containing one set of impaired chromosomes.
    Haploid
  51. A cutaneous fungal skin infection (such as ringworm) is also referred to as a _____.
    Dermatomyosis
  52. Aerial ____ hyphae grown upright from horizontal vegetative hyphae.
    Reproductive
  53. ____ are penetrating hyphae of parasitic fungi.
    Haustoria
  54. Basidiospores are ______
    Haploid
  55. The number of sexual basidiospores produced on each basidium is _____.
    Four
  56. A ____ is an enclosed structure that produces asexual sporangiospores.
    Sporangium
  57. Ringworm of the body is called tine _____.
    Corporus
  58. I am a very economically important single-celled Ascomycete; the baking and brewing industries depend on me because I undergo alcohol fermentation! My genus is ____.
    Saccharomyces
  59. When yeast cells reproduce by budding, the small daughter cell that pinches off is called a ______.
    Bud
  60. The "gills" of a mushroom that support the basidia bearing basidiospores are scientifically called _____.
    Lamellae
  61. I'm Deuteromycete and the source of the first major antibiotic discovered by Alexander Fleming. My genus is ____.
    Penicillium
  62. Sporangiospores are _____.
    Haploid
  63. Yeast buds are also referred to as asexual spores called _____.
    Blastospores
  64. Conidospores are _____.
    Haploid
  65. Fungi known as ____ produce sexual ascospres and asexual conidospres or blastospres.
    Asomycetes
  66. Fungal cells have a true, membrane-bound nucleus and may membrane-bound organelles, so they are ____ cells.
    Eukaryotic
  67. _____ is the study of fungi.
    Mycology
  68. Tienea ____ is a ringworm infection of the head/scalp.
    Capitis
  69. An edible basidocarp composed of a stipe and a piles bearing lamellae is commonly called a ____.
    Mushroom
  70. The scar on the stipe of a mushroom left by the expanding piles is called the ____.
    Annulus
  71. ______ hyphae grow horizontally on the food surface, obtaining nutrients for the fungus.
    Vegetative
  72. Ascomycetes and Basidiomycetes have ____ hyphae divided by cross walls.
    Septate
  73. Dermatomycoses such as tineas are caused y fungi that produce the enzyme _____.
    Keratinase
  74. ____ are asexual spores that bud off the tips of aerial hyphae made by Penicillium.
    Conidiospores
  75. ____ hyphae are not divided by cross-walls and are therefore mutinucleated.
    Coenocytic
  76. Thrush is an example of an _____ mycosis; caused by and organism that is usually harmless but that may take advantage of an immune-compromised host of following broad spectrum antibiotic use.
    Opportunistic
  77. ____ are delicious underground Ascomyvetes that grow in France; "hunters" find them with trained dogs or pigs.
    Truffles
  78. Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogenic yeast that causes oral _____.
    Thrush
  79. I am the common black bread mold. My genus is _____.
    Phyzopus
  80. I am an Ascomycete plant pathogen of grain such as rye, causing a disease known as ergot; if ingested the alkaloids I produce cause hallucinations and were the original source of LSD. My genus is ____.
    Claviceps
  81. Tinea ____ is a ringworm infection commonly called "jock-itch"
    Cruris
  82. I am an opportunistic pathogenic yeast and I cause thrush. My genus is _____.
    Candida
  83. Once the two haploid nuclei form a dikaryotic hypha fuse, a diploid nucleus is formed with two sets of _____ chromosomes.
    Paired
  84. Shelf fungi (also called ____ fungi) are Basidiomycetes that grow horizontally out from fences, logs, etc.
    Bracket
  85. Tinea ____ is a ringworm infection often called "athlete's foot".
    Pedis
  86. Once the two haploid nuclei form a dikaryotic hypha fuse, a diploid zygote is formed with ____ sets of paired chromosomes.
    Two

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