Gastrointestinal anatomy

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Author:
rere_girl4ever
ID:
286285
Filename:
Gastrointestinal anatomy
Updated:
2014-10-19 17:23:36
Tags:
usmle gastrointestinal anatomy
Folders:
Usmle Gastrointestinal anatomy
Description:
Gastrointestinal anatomy
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  1. What are the three branches of the celiac artery?
    Celiac artery:

    • 1. Left gastric artery
    • 2. Splenic artery
    • 3. Common hepatic artery
  2. Where does the left gastric artery supply?
    • Left gastric artery supplies the:
    • - Superior portion of the lesser curvature of the stomach

    - Lower esophagus
  3. Where does the Splenic artery supply?
    The splenic artey supplies:

    • Direct branches to  the spleen
    • Direct branches to the neck, body, tail of pancreas
    • Left gastroepiploic/ gasto-omental artery that supplies the left side of the greater curvature of the stomach
    • Short gastric branches that supply the fundus of the stomach 

  4. Where does the common hepatic artery supply?
  5. This artery provides blood supply to the spleen.
    Splenic artery of the Celiac trunk.
  6. This artery provides blood supply to the neck, body and tail of the pancreas.
    Splenic artery of the Celiac trunk.
  7. This artery provides blood supply to the fundus of the stomach.
    Short gastric branches of the splenic artery which arise from the celiac trunk.
  8. This artery provides blood supply to the greater curvature of the stomach.

    Left gastoepiploic artery supplied by splenic artery of celiac trunk.
  9. This artery may be subject to erosion by a penetrating ulcer of the posterior wall of the stomach to the lesser sac.
    Splenic artery
  10. This artery may be subject to erosion by a penetrating ulcer of the lesser curvature of the stomach.
    Left gastric artery
  11. This artery provides blood supply to the gallbladder.
    Cystic artery < Right hepatic artery < proper hepatic artery < common hepatic artery < celic trunk
  12. This artery provides blood supply to the liver.
    Left and right hepatic arteries < Proper hepatic artery < Common hepatic artery
  13. This artery provides blood supply to the head of the pancreas.
    Superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries < Gastroduodenal artery < Common hepatic artey < Celiac trunk

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