Card Set Information
signs that have no necessary or natural connection to the things they stand for, or signify.
_____ is one of the distinctive possessions of Homo sapiens
we learn our culture by observing, listening, talking, and interacting with many other people. beliefs, values, memories, and expectations link people who grow up in the same culture.
culture is shared
Different groups in society struggle with one another over whose ideas, values, goals, and beliefs will prevail
culture is contested
The study of communication through body movements, stances, gestures, and expressions is
Words that have different meanings but differ in just one sound, such as "cat" and "bat," are
studies only the significant sound contrasts of a given language.
The study of speech sounds in general, what people actually say in various languages, is
studies the forms in which sounds combine to form words and their meaningful parts.
"Pit" and "bit" are English words differentiated by a single sound contrast: /p/ versus /b/. The /p/ and /b/ are
______ argued that the human brain contains a limited set of rules for organizing language, which he termed universal grammar.
The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis states that
the grammatical categories of particular languages lead their speakers to think about things in different ways.
is the arrangement and order of words in phrases and sentences.
languages meaning system
Until 10,000 years ago, all human groups had _________ as an adaptive strategy.
The __________ is the basic social unit among most foragers.
Mode of production refers to
the way production is organized
profit-oriented principle of exchange
in which goods and services are
bought and sold, and values are determined by
supply and demand
Resources devoted to maintaining items essential to production
The exchange of goods, services, and resources between social equals
Under __________ reciprocity,
something is given
nothing is expected in return.
dealing with people outside or on the fringes of one's own social system
the attempt to get something for as little as possible
: silent trade and stealing
reciprocity that deals with nuclear family
people buy and sell things using money, and they seek to
gives and expects something in return, which may not come immediately, but the giver will be upset if the person who received the gift does not reciprocate the exchange.
groups forced into marginal environments by status, colonialism, and world events.
cultural guidelines or standards that dictate right from wrong
exploration of human diversity in time and space.