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camsanchez
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286287
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other
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2014-12-14 19:35:29
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  1. signs that have no necessary or natural connection to the things they stand for, or signify.
    symbols
  2. _____ is one of the distinctive possessions of Homo sapiens
    language
  3. we learn our culture by observing, listening, talking, and interacting with many other people. beliefs, values, memories, and expectations link people who grow up in the same culture.
    culture is shared
  4. Different groups in society struggle with one another over whose ideas, values, goals, and beliefs will prevail
    culture is contested
  5. The study of communication through body movements, stances, gestures, and expressions is
    kinesics
  6. Words that have different meanings but differ in just one sound, such as "cat" and "bat," are
    minimal pairs
  7. studies only the significant sound contrasts of a given language.
    phonemics
  8. The study of speech sounds in general, what people actually say in various languages, is
    phonetics
  9. studies the forms in which sounds combine to form words and their meaningful parts.
    morphology
  10. "Pit" and "bit" are English words differentiated by a single sound contrast: /p/ versus /b/. The /p/ and /b/ are
    phonemes
  11. ______ argued that the human brain contains a limited set of rules for organizing language, which he termed universal grammar.
    noam chomsky
  12. The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis states that
    the grammatical categories of particular languages lead their speakers to think about things in different ways.
  13. is the arrangement and order of words in phrases and sentences.
    syntax
  14. languages meaning system
    symantics
  15. Until 10,000 years ago, all human groups had _________ as an adaptive strategy.
    foraging
  16. The __________ is the basic social unit among most foragers.
    band
  17. Mode of production refers to
    the way production is organized
  18. the profit-oriented principle of exchange in which goods and services are
    bought and sold, and values are determined by supply and demand.
    market principle
  19. Resources devoted to maintaining items essential to production
    replacement fund
  20. The exchange of goods, services, and resources between social equals
    reciprocity
  21. Under __________ reciprocity, something is given and nothing is expected in return.
    generalized
  22. negative reciprocity
    • dealing with people outside or on the fringes of one's own social system
    • the attempt to get something for as little as possible
    • ex: silent trade and stealing
  23. reciprocity that deals with nuclear family
    generalized reciprocity
  24. people buy and sell things using money, and they seek to maximize profit.
    market exchange
  25. gives and expects something in return, which may not come immediately, but the giver will be upset if the person who received the gift does not reciprocate the exchange.
    balanced reciprocity
  26. groups forced into marginal environments by status, colonialism, and world events.
    contemporary foragers
  27. cultural guidelines or standards that dictate right from wrong
    norms
  28. exploration of human diversity in time and space.
    anthropology

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