religion mid term

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  1. oral tradition
    tradition passed down by word not written down
  2. taboo
    rules and prohibition against certain rules and behaviors
  3. mana
    sacred life force energy that can be inherited, gained, stolen
  4. kapu
    • legal system
    • men/women eat separately
    • men do the cooking
    • forbidden food for women
    • breaking kapu is punishable by death
  5. akua
    • dieties
    • Ku-god of war
    • kane-god of procreation
    • lono-god of peace
    • kanaloa-god of the ocean
  6. aumakua
    family/personal dieties
  7. atman
    individual soul, true self
  8. Brahman
    brings together all the Hindus deities into one single source
  9. caste system
    • a system that divides people into separate social groups
    • Brahmins, kshatriyas, vaisyas, sudras, pariahs
  10. hinduism-karma
    • the fruit of what you have done
    • goal= no karma
  11. Hinduism- samsara
    • cycle of death and reborn
    • circumstances of life determined by karma
  12. Hinduism- Maya
    • illusion/disillusion
    • the key to understanding the true nature of the world
    • difference between what actually matters and what we think matters
  13. Hinduism-moksha
    • spiritual liberation
    • breaking out of samsara
    • attained through ritual and prayer
  14. goal of yoga
    to unite, yolk, control
  15. 4 different types of yoga
    • jhana- vedas, wisdom, knowledge, intellectual philosophy
    • karma-performing right actions without expecting anything in return
    • bhakti-devotional worship
    • raja-royal yoga, elite, physical and spiritual, westernized
  16. epic stories
    • Itihasas
    • mahabharata is story of india
  17. male deities of Hinduism
    • Vishnu- Hindu protector of the world
    • Shiva- transforms the universe, destroying the old and ushering in a new creation
    • rama- present in everything, embodies the right way to live
    • Krishna- source of dharma , vanquished wicked restored eternal law
    • ganesha- son of Shiva, god of wisdom
  18. goddesses of hinduism
    • Shakti- feminine power, counterpart of Shiva
    • durga-mother goddess
    • kali" the black one" destroys Maya, blood sacrafice
  19. ganga river- hinduism
    holiest river, extreme pollution, sacred & profane
  20. kumbh mela
    • largest festival in hinduism
    • pilgrimage every 12 years
    • 80 million attendance
  21. Holi- Hinduism
    end of winter, beginning of spring,(defeating the demoness holika)
  22. ascetics
    abandoning their bodies to pursue spiritual enlightenment
  23. Hinduism-rite of passage: marriage
    • arrange by parents
    • -caste, religion, language, values, brides family pays dowry to groom
  24. Hinduism- rite of passage:death
    • cremation of bodies
    • the body is not needed after death
    • bathed and wrapped in clean cloth
    • sent down river
    • ashes into rivers
  25. Jainism-mahavira
    • created own path to ascetism
    • focused on ahimsa
    • "great hero"
  26. Jainism-jina
    "conquerors "achieved liberation
  27. Jainism-ahimsa
    • living life without inflicting harm on others
    • core principal- non violence
  28. Jainism- sallenskana
    • virtuos death
    • withdrawing from material world
    • fasting to death
    • no food= no karma
  29. Buddhism-Siddhartha gautama
    • the Buddha "enlightened one"
    • ascetic
  30. 4 sights of buddhism
    • illness
    • old age
    • death
    • ascetic
  31. 4 noble truths of buddhism
    • all life is suffering
    • suffering caused by desires
    • followed the 8 fold path
    • to end suffering one must end desires
  32. 3 jewels/ refugees
    • take refuge-Buddha
    • take refuge-Sangha
    • take refuge-dharma
  33. Buddhism-dharma
    • The Laws of Nature considered both collectively and individually.
    • The teaching of the Buddha as an exposition of the Natural Law applied to the problem of human suffering.
  34. karma maya samsara- buddhism
    • karma is actions
    • samsara is cycle of rebirth 
    • maya is illusion and prevents moksha which is freedom from samsara
  35. nirvana- buddhism
    • to extinguish "blow out"
    • ending samsara
    • state of being after death
    • budha= role model
    • lower god exists
    • no definite creator
  36. impermanence
    • everything in impermanence
    • everything changes
    • understanding impermanent nature will lead one to recognize dangers of attachments
  37. anatman- buddhism
    • non-self, non-soul
    • belief in ego produces selfishness
    • even soul is impermanent
  38. dalai lama
    • 14 dalai lama
    • incarnations of avalokiteshvara
    • a teacher that can choose how he is reincarnated
  39. arhat- Buddhism
    "worthy one" someone who has attained enlightenment, this is the goal of Theravada Buddhism
  40. vesak- Buddhism
    • most important holiday in Theravada Buddhism
    • celebrates Buddha birth,death and enlightenment
  41. bohidharma
    don't know. me neither i think its a misspelling of something else
  42. amida/amitabha Buddha
    Buddha of infinite light
  43. bodhisattvas
    • most important in Mahayana Buddhism
    • meditating in caves
  44. guanyin/kuanyin
    is bodhisattva that embodies compassion. Goddess of mercy
  45. jizo
    is bodhisattva that takes care of loved ones after they die
  46. buddhims-rites of passage:death
    Nick u scrub
  47. ullambana/obon
    is bon festival which is Japanese version of Ullambana
  48. zen/chan
  49. pure land
    -physical place, perfect conditions for enlightenment
  50. Buddhism in Hawaii-
    -Buddhism arrived from immigrants
  51. Chinese religions-
    Daoism, Confucianism, legalism
  52. Ancestor veneration
    -worship and offerings to ancestors
  53. laozi-
    disguised with corruption, retired, traveled(conceived by shooting star)
  54. Dao-
    primordial energy, eternal energy, source of all things
  55. Dao de Jing-
    “the way of the Dao” philosophy of disharmony
  56. yin-yang-
    exist on harmony, natural forces, restoring balance restores natural order
  57. divination
  58. Confucius-
    • -founder of Confucius Kong fuzi(raised by widow mother in poverty)
    • -social inequality
    • -disintegration of the feudal system
  59. ren
    • -inner virtues
    • -humanness
    • -compassion
    • -loving kindness
  60. junzi- chinese
    • -sage
    • -superior being
    • -ideal person
    • -living virtuous life
    • -immersing self in family life
  61. 5 relationships
    • father-son (Nick's Dad and Nick)
    • ruler-subject (Jordan and Nick)
    • husband-wife (Nick and his wife)
    • older brother- younger brother 
    • older friend- younger friend
  62. Chinese new year
    • 1st day of 1st month
    • -lunar calendar
    • -biggest celebration
  63. Chinese-rites of passage: birth
    • -confinement period women
    • gave birth in confined place
    • birth=yin, must restore yang
  64. Chinese-rite of passage: marriage-
    serves as puberty-astrology, matchmaker, offering to ancestors, tea ceremony
  65. Chinese-rite of passage: death-
    cremation-yin/yang aspect of the soul divide-yang goes up-heavenly realms-yin goes down-underworld
  66. Amaterasu
    • was born from izanagi
    • -sun goddess
    • -yamato clan
  67. Kami-
    spirits referred to be westerners as gods and goddesses
  68. Matsuri-
    • loud, wild, drinking, dancing
    • festival or holiday
  69. torii
    -”Birds perch "separates sacred from public
Card Set:
religion mid term
2014-10-20 00:04:15
religion terms

religion mid term done by nick
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